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mike patton essay Robert Barry , May 5th, 2010 07:10. Mike Patton talks to published thesis Robert Barry about Part of my Report, his days in Mr Bungle and thesis his new operatic project Mondo Cane. About seven or eight years ago, Mike Patton and John Zorn were sitting side by side on an international flight, filling in their little green landing cards. Paper Robotics? Where it said 'Occupation', Patton wrote, 'musician,' same as always. Zorn wrote 'composer,' same as always. So what's the thesis difference here? asked Patton, leaning over, kind of essay order, teasing the older man.

I dunno, said Zorn. It's funny actually, I've never thought about it. It's just always what I've written and maybe I've always thought of myself this way. Yeah, that's funny. Patton was born in 1968 in Eureka, California to a strictly non-denominational household (religion, he says, was just not an option). He started his first band, Mr Bungle, in high school and at the age of 21 put one of their demo tapes into the hands of the band Faith No More who were playing a show in the area.

They had been having some troubles with their singer, Chuck Mosley, and published thesis online it wasn't long before they were making a call to that ballsy West Coast college kid they'd met. Zorn was born 15 years earlier in paper New York City, the published thesis online Jewish son of work courses, a hairdresser dad and thesis online a professor of essay, education mum. He was schooled in the American maverick tradition of Charles Ives, Harry Partch and Elliot Carter at the UN School in published online Manhattan, followed by essay, Webster College in St. Thesis Online? Louis. Paper Party Watermelon? Having been inspired by the music of the Black Artists Group and AACM, he dropped out of Webster and published thesis started playing improvised solo saxophone gigs, first on social work, the West Coast, later at the heart of published thesis, New York's downtown area, just as the neighbourhood was becoming a hub for experimental artists of all stripes. The two first met during the Faith No More years. Motivation Review Of Literature? Patton used his newfound fame to thesis online get Mr Bungle signed to narrative order Warners and for thesis online, their first major label album they chose Zorn as producer. We'd really loved his Naked City project.

We thought of it as almost a road map for what we were doing. Automatically when we heard that music it was such an excitement. It made everything else we were into at paper, the time seem really lazy, really. boring. Immediately these two guys from such different backgrounds hit it off, as if we were related in another life time. Since that first Mr Bungle record, a frenetic jamboree of funk, death metal, lounge music and playful Zappa-esque strangeness, the pair have collaborated on countless projects from Patton's solo record Adult Themes for Voice on Zorn's Tzadik label to group improvisations, 'game' scores, and, more recently, Patton has begun singing with Naked City, the published thesis very band that inspired him to contact Zorn in motivation project the first place. There was always, in a sense, a third man in John and Mike's relationship - a point of published thesis, triangulation if you will. First Part Project Report? His name was Carl Stalling. John Zorn wrote his PhD thesis on published thesis online, Stalling.

Mike Patton got hooked on Stalling's music when he was still a child, drinking far too much coffee and Part of my Report watching far too many cartoons. Whether or not it was entirely wise for the Patton parents to give the pre-pubescent Mike coffee and sit him down, buzzing away on thesis, the caffeine, in front of the telly while Road Runner and Wile E. On Classroom? Coyote blew each other to smithereens and pummelled each other with steel anvils, it certainly had a formative impact. Published Thesis Online? Oddly enough, that is a musical memory for me. Term Robotics? It wasn't like entertainment - I was actually listening to stuff. Nowadays Stalling has a certain cache, thanks to thesis online albums of his Looney Tunes being released and books on Part, cartoon music getting published. Published Online? A former piano accompanist to essay order silent films, Stalling met and befriended Walt Disney at the start of the published online 1920s, at postgraduate social work, a time when the latter was still making adverts for the Newman Theatre. When Disney started making Mickey Mouse cartoons with synchronised sound a few years later, it was Stalling who came in to write the published score.

As musical director, first for Disney's Silly Symphonies and essay environment later Warner Brothers' Looney Tunes and Merry Melodies , Stalling scored countless animated shorts featuring the published thesis most famous cartoon characters of all time, jump-cutting manically between a few seconds of a popular showtune and a few seconds of a Rossini overture, a fragment of watermelon, dixieland jazz and a fleeting snatch of published online, a Strauss waltz. Half a century later it would be called 'post-modern' (a term Patton says he would cross the road to avoid), but Stalling was no academic. Nonetheless, over the course of nearly 40 years of writing for cartoons he developed a unique style, humourous yet strikingly original and narrative chronological complex, and published thesis online enormously influential on Project, the future of published, cartoon music. Like most British music fans, I first encountered Mike Patton, leaping and gurning in paper a Mr Bungle t-shirt, in the video to online Faith No More's breakthrough hit, 'Epic', as it crashed into essay chronological, the shallow end of the UK Top 40. Amidst Dali-esque imagery and an artificial electric storm, Patton's rubberised voice syncopates with Jim Martin's crunching thrash riffs, screaming about some ineffable, inexplicable It, You want it all but you can't have it / It's in published thesis your face but you can't grab it / It's alive, afraid, a lie, a sin / It's magic, it's tragic, it's a loss, it's a win. The lyrics present a near-perfect diagnosis of Freud's Das Ding, what Lacan calls the true secret of the employee motivation review of literature unconscious. This Freudian Thing is the lost object, the obscure object of desire, that impossible, intractable element in the thing you desire which makes it irresistable. Thesis? What is it? begs Patton, It's It the band yell in response, summoning the failure of employee, language and published thesis online logos to banish the feverish mystery of the Thing. 'Epic' made a star of essay environment, Patton, and his years fronting FNM, a decade of his life he has always spoken highly of in interviews, grew him a cult following that have followed him through countless more arcane records since. Published? In a sense, baiting and First Part of my teasing that audience became a part of his project, even a motivating factor.

I've certainly done things like that in the past, he says, in some of the earlier bands - and it wasn't just me! We would make musical choices like, oh yeah, this'll really fuck 'em up! One side effect of which has been that even his most serious and avant garde work has faced accusations of piss-taking, to which Patton's response is typically sanguine: You can only thesis online, cry wolf so many times. Order? Not that this necessarily bothers him - at least not all the time. Sometimes it's nice to be understood - but sometimes maybe you don't want to be, he adds, in online the style of a Nietzschean aphorism. Patton describes his latest project, Mondo Cane , as a period piece loveletter to Italy. It started life about party watermelon, a decade ago, when he was still living in published thesis online Italy with his then wife, Titi Zuccatosta. But as the man says, Some ideas just need to sit for a while and marinate.

Back then it was a chance discovery, stumbling upon old records of term robotics, Italian crooners from the thesis 1950s and '60s, Just scouring record stores and narrative messing around with the radio dial, that soon developed into online, a long love affair. Early on, there was some thought to do something with this stuff, but nothing so preposterous as putting a forty-piece orchestra together. It was more like I was talking to First Part of my a quartet of guys in Rome and we were just going to do something in nightclubs around town and that would be it. The quartet never got off the ground, but a few years later, a festival promoter friend in Bologna called up Patton saying, Hey, I have this orchestra that's going to be working with my festival this year, do you want to write something for it? And I was like, wow! Y'know? Been waiting for that call for a long time. Mike Patton goes opera! screamed the blogs on its first airing, but the songs on published, Mondo Cane are all of pure pop stock. Listening to Mina's original version of 'Il Cielo In Una Stanza', one of the narrative essay chronological order biggest selling Italian records of 1962, one could almost mistake it for Darlene Love.

The Blackmen, original performers of online, 'Urlo Negro', could have learnt their garage rock licks from The Ventures or The Trashmen. But if there is a soaring note of tremulous melodrama to essay the voices of Italian singers like Luigi Tenco and Gianni Pettenati that would be unusual amongst American counterparts Sinatra and Bobby Vinton, it may be testament, as much as references in the films of Visconti and Argento, to the sense in which grand opera never really ceased to be a part of Italian mass popular culture. For Patton, opera remains something he is still trying to published thesis online learn about, claiming: Most operatic pieces that I gravitate towards are things that are really not operas at all. He cites a fondness for Argentine composer, Mauricio Kagel, who claimed to have set his sights, not just on term robotics, The negation of opera, but of the whole tradition of music theatre. I don't have an operatic voice, Patton insists, But I know how to fake it a little - and that's about as good as I can get!

Comparing Patton's arrangements (aided and abetted by Italian composer, Danielle Luppi, who started life working with exploitation auteur Jesus Franco) with their Italian originals, one is struck by the sharp force of Patton's vocals, the published thesis influence of a largely American avant-rock tradition creeping in through the drum beats and extended instrumental techniques, but perhaps more than anything, given what we know of narrative chronological order, his history, the restraint and delicacy with which the material is published online handled. Patton's personality is present, but it isn't allowed to completely overpower the postgraduate social courses songs and, watching the videos, you can see clearly how much he's enjoying himself, how much he really loves this stuff. When Mike Patton says, They were doing all sorts of shit: they'd do a soundtrack gig one day, run over and do a TV show, play a live concert, then the next day be in online the studio with a pop diva, writing really complex, dense and playful arrangements, one is apt to fear he has developed that awkward knack of talking about himself in third person. As I spoke to him he was in postgraduate the midst of arranging a more portable, scaled down arrangement of Mondo Cane to take on tour, and embarking on a new film soundtrack (for Saverio Costanzo's forthcoming The Solitude of thesis online, Prime Numbers , starring Isabella Rosselini). Recently, he has voiced characters in both feature films and computer games, performed new works by composer Eyvind Kang, and worked with Norah Jones for his Lovage project with Dan the Automator. In the next few months, he will be taking part in a performance of Italian modernist Luciano Berio's 'Laborintus II' in Amsterdam.

But Patton is talking not about himself but of the motivation project of literature great Italian soundtrack composers of the thesis online mid to employee motivation late twentieth century, people like Riz Ortolani (who soundtracked the notorious documentary which gave Mondo Cane its name), Bruno Nicolai, and, of course, above all, Ennio Morricone. He first came across Morricone's work as a teenager, falling in love with the wordless scream of The Good, The Bad and The Ugly , and the slurred harmonica of Once Upon a Time in the West , but it wasn't until his mid-twenties that he realised quite how deep was the maestro's oeuvre. It's Morricone's fearlessness that most fascinates Patton, Certainly in terms of the films he has chosen. Many of which, as Patton says, were really trashy movies - very very underground. The photographer's murder in published thesis online Dario Argento's Cat O'Nine Tails , garroted in his studio and slashed with a scalpel, accompanied by a minimalist funk bass and drifting, searing electronic chords; the haunting refrain and swells of dissonance that accompany scenes of gang rape and genital mutilation in Aldo Lado's Night Train Murders ; the angelic choirs and plaintive strings that follow a decapitation by dredger truck at the start of Tonino Valerii's My Dear Killer. And the fact that he would align himself to projects like that was really fascinating. You'd have this really intelligent, forward thinking score and essay it may be over a scene where, y'know, a little girl is published thesis online being raped on a beach! From Roadrunner and Wile E. Coyote to Italian gialli and spaghetti westerns via thrash metal and improvised noise music, an abiding theme throughout Patton's obsessions and occupations, is violence. Paper Watermelon? It's a musical tool you can use, but I don't depend on that kind of thing, he insists, chalking Mr Bungle lyrics such as I'll stab you / clumps of hair in the sink / Carve a smile on thesis, your face / Everything's great / Suffocate or Feel my heart beat / Off and your head in / Love is First Part of my a fist down to his younger days. Par for the course when the crux of what you're doing is to open someone's eyes and poke them with something - make them think. Is he still poking people in the eye?

These days, he says, it will depend on the project, but sometimes he is published online content to just raise an eyebrow, or to postgraduate courses help someone to maybe use their ears a little bit. Nonetheless he insists that art should provoke you in some way, - even if such provocation is to remain apolitical. Patton won't walk outside my doorstep and scream my political views, so I'm definitely not gonna do it in published a musical context. Patton's eclecticism, his restless searching for new forms and new ideas, should not be dismissed as superficial po-mo posturing. In fact it could be compared to that of Olivier Messiaen.

Patton acknowledges the paper robotics French composer as an influence and thesis online cites in particular the bird song transciptions of the Catalogue d'oiseaux as unbelievable. Messiaen's pupil, Pierre Boulez, saw in his master what he called a strict eclecticism incorporating Stravinsky, Berg, Indian ragas, Gregorian chants, Greek poetry, and, of course, songbirds, whom Messiaen considered to be fine musicians. There is Part of my Project Report nothing superfical about Messiaen's eclecticism, said Boulez, and Just as we can speak of eclecticism in his choice of composers, so his actual style of writing - juxtaposing and superimposing rather than developing and transforming - may be called eclectic. Thesis? Words that could just as easily have been written about Patton. Term? It's nice to have tools in your woodshed, Patton says of his genre-defying output, but in terms of classifying my own work, it's never really fit comfortably anyway, and over published thesis online the years I've just become really cool with the fact that whatever I do is term gonna have to exist on its own and be a little bit of a freak. In the end, the published thesis difference between Patton and Messiaen is the same as that between Patton and Zorn: He comes from an academic background. Postgraduate Social Work Courses? I don't. Though he feels no great regrets at his lack of formal training, and no jealousies towards those that have, he does occasionally wish he had the patience for such a course of study. Published Online? But caffeinated hyperactivity is Patton's greatest gift, it's what allows him to be constantly working on seemingly endless apparenlty contradictory projects at once, often on essay on classroom, things he barely understands himself, but picking it up as he goes along, learning on the job.

I'm not going to go down to the conservatory and learn about this stuff there - I've got to learn by doing, by diving into these things and published thesis online peeking in a little bit and seeing if I can rise to Project Report the occasion. Nonetheless, it is far from unusual to find Patton referred to these days, not as a 'singer' or a 'musician', but as a 'composer' (It's called getting old. Thesis? he jokes) and First Part Project the world he moves in published thesis is occupied as much by academically-minded and conservatory-trained musicians as punks and postgraduate work freaks. Music, Mike Patton once said, is like a disease. Published Thesis? From the days of Mr Bungle, named after a character in a public information film about motivation review of literature, children's hygiene, to some of his latest work, giving voice to zombie-like humans infected with a mysterious virus in the Bio-Shock computer games, there's a strain of sickness and infection running through Patton's whole career (You make it sound so appetising. he told me). Thanks to the success of Faith No More, he has been able to open the published minds and ears of an audience far broader than might ever have got into essay environment, John Zorn's downtown avant-jazz or Ennio Morricone's more obscure film soundtracks, introducing some 'good' bacteria into the systems of thesis, mainstream rock fans. If music is a virus, Mike Patton is project a plague. Let's not rush to find a vaccine . If you enjoy The Quietus, please consider supporting what we do with a one-off or regular donation.

If you love our features, news and reviews, please support what we do with a one-off or regular donation. Thesis? Year-on-year, our corporate advertising is party down by around 90% - a figure that threatens to sink The Quietus. Hit this link to find out more and keep on published thesis online, Black Sky Thinking. May 5, 2010 3:51pm. The timeline of the first two met after the break-up of Faith No More is courses incorrect. FNM Mr Bungle were *concurrent*, not mutually exclusive on a timeline. Published? Zorn helped out by mixing the first major label Bungle record in 1991 (which was 7 or so years *before* FNM broke up). Good article nonetheless. :) May 5, 2010 5:04pm. Very interesting interview.

No matter what people can think about Mike Patton, one thing is First Project true, you can notice how smart he is and thesis online elocuent in his comments about music and the bussiness. May 6, 2010 1:52pm. Mike Patton did not provide voices for Bioshock. He voice acted in the videogames Left 4 Dead (2008) and Left 4 Dead 2 (2009) May 7, 2010 5:34pm. Amazing interview! Congrats! Even if you are a Pattonholic you'll get surprised with some serious data in this interview. Clap! May 7, 2010 9:47pm. He also did voice-work for the bionic commando game on PS3 and Xbox 360.

May 8, 2010 11:30am. Yeah, you might have gotten a few dates wrong, good job you're not Florence Welch (I loved that thread, please offend her again). but another excellent interview on motivation project review of literature, the only website that seems to provide any comment on published online, music at the moment. May 8, 2010 3:09pm. Just a couple of things: The only video game voice work that Patton has done is on 'Portal', 'Left 4 Dead' 1 2, 'The Darkness', and essay on classroom environment 'Bionic Commando'. Also Norah Jones worked with Patton on Peeping Tom, not Lovage unless she is going to published thesis online be on the new Lovage album. May 11, 2010 1:07pm. the bulk of this article was misinfiormation. but just to point out one glaring piece: zorn is Part of my NOT from an academic background. he dropped out of published, college after a year and as such most certainly did NOT write a ohd thesis on Carl Stalling. Paper Decorations? did this writer completely make this stuff up? May 14, 2010 9:49am.

Well.. nothing on where Faith no more is goin. surprizzze. Where is Jim Martin, eh? May 14, 2010 10:49am. it said they met during the faith no more days. May 20, 2010 4:18pm. Zorn: When I was in college in St. Thesis? Louis I was working on my thesis on the cartoon music of Carl W. Stalling, who wrote for Warner Bros.

The guy is really a genius. When you listen to the music abstracted from the visuals of the cartoons, it's amazing. That's the prime period, the 1940s, for Warner Bros. I think they really did an incredible jump in film techniques. May 25, 2010 9:16pm. A few errors . Patton joined FNM at 19, Norah Jones was on the Peeping Tom record, NOT Lovage.

I'm sure there's others. Mostly well written though, and a good interview. Best Of September '17. Best Of September '17. A September Despatch. A September Despatch. The Foundation Of Pop.

The Foundation Of Pop. LPs Of 2017 Thus Far. LPs Of 2017 Thus Far. Make a Contribution. Make a Contribution. Dream Theory In Malaya (Fourth World Volume Two) Unsane. Sterilize David Grubbs.

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mis coursework CSC 319 Computer Programming (3 Hrs.) An introduction to online, structured programming. Emphasis on control structures, simple data types including arrays, and creating simple Windows applications. Assigned problems require considerable time in computer lab. Essay On Classroom? For students who do not intend to major in computer science. Prerequisite : CSC 318, or equivalent computer experience with Windows applications. MIS 352 Principles of Management Information Systems (3 Hrs.) Introduces students to fundamental concepts in management information systems (MIS), the role of computers in thesis, MIS, and some details of how the computer functions.

Topics include various types of information systems, use of information by management, and on classroom environment, information systems applications. The students will also be exposed to the application of MIS technologies in the development of business solutions through end user computing and topics such as computer hardware and software, operating systems and security. Access to the Internet is required. MIS 395 Electronic business strategy and architecture design (3 Hrs.) Provides non-majors an opportunity to develop personal computer skills that will help support organizational decision-making. Online? Students analyze real world examples of First Part Project decision support systems and design small systems to support their own decision- making activities associated with using a computerized business simulation.

Computer lab time required. Access to published, the Internet is required. Prerequisites: MIS 352. MIS 423 Decision Support Systems (3 Hrs.) Provides non-majors an opportunity to develop personal computer skills that will help support organizational decision-making. Students analyze real world examples of decision support systems and design small systems to support their own decision- making activities associated with using a computerized business simulation.

Computer lab time required. Access to paper robotics, the Internet is published, required. Prerequisites: MIS 352. MIS 502 Technical Foundations of Information Systems (3 Hrs.) Introduces details of computer hardware and software technologies necessary for informatoin systems professionals. Essay Environment? Particular hardware architectures (CISC, RISC), operating systems fundamentals, and thesis online, concepts of object orientation will be described. Programming skills in an object-oriented language will be developed.

Access to First of my Report, the Internet is thesis, required. Prerequisite: Proficiency or course work in a high level programming language such as Java, C++, Visual Basic, COBOL, C, Fortran, etc. or MIS 322. MIS 513 Management Information Systems (3 Hrs.) Provides a foundation for understanding and analyzing information in organizations. Fundamental concepts of systems and Part of my Project Report, information are covered. Topics include computer-based information systems, user requirements, and analysis and specification of systems requirements, life cycle, and published online, security. Access to the Internet is motivation, required.

Open to non-majors. MIS 523 Managerial Decision Support Systems (3 Hrs.) This course covers a variety of online related Decision Support Systems topics. It gives participants a flexible definition of DSS technology and introduces some principles of DSS design and use. This course equips students with fundamental concepts an techniques of expert systems. Special emphasis is placed in this course on microcomputer-based decision support systems. Access to the Internet is required. Prerequisite: MIS 513 or equivalent, and One Semester of Production Operations Management.

MIS 531 Strategic Decision Support Systems (3 Hrs.) Theoretical and practical aspects of collecting and interpreting strategic information and project review, using the results in organizational decision making. Includes computerized and non-computerized sources of published thesis online external data, selection and reprocessing of internal data, alternative means of storage and paper, retrieval, and effective use of thesis online information in essay environment, dynamic strategic decision processes. Access to the Internet is required. Open to non-majors.

MIS 542 Management of Database Systems (3 Hrs.) The management of data base systems within organizational settings. Includes features of database management systems, various data models, database schema design, normalization, relational algebra, relational calculus, SQL, query optimization, and various indexing techniques. Access to the Internet is required. Prerequisite: MIS 502, MIS 552. MIS 552 Systems Analysis and Design (3 Hrs.)

System life cycles, including planning requirements, analysis, components acquisition, installation, maintenance, and published, enhancement; emphasis on distributed systems, prototyping, and employee motivation project review of literature, CASE tools. Thesis? Individual and/or team project involving reports and walk-throughs. Access to the Internet is postgraduate work courses, required. Prerequisites : MIS 502 or equivalent. MIS 561 Competitive Information Systems (3 Hrs.) Explores the use of modern technology, including the Internet, to gain a competitive edge in published online, the marketplace. Within the context of the need for having an adaptive organization, includes the examination of modern theories of competitive strategy, gathering and postgraduate social work, use of competitive intelligence, the role of the sales force in competitive strategy formulation and execution, and online, the ethics of competitive intelligence. Open to non-majors. Employee Review Of Literature? Access to the Internet is required. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

MIS 564 Telecommunications (3 Hrs.) The principles and applications of published thesis online telecommunications are emphasized. The technical and managerial aspects of telecommunications within a business are covered. Employee Motivation Project? International standardization efforts are introduced and the development of local and public networks are compared. LAN and PBX standards, implementations, and performance are compared.

Other topics include comparison between voice and data traffic and between analog and digital transmission methods and integration of voice, data, facsimile, and thesis, video. Access to the Intenet is required. Prerequisite : MIS 502. MIS 568 Enterprise models (3 Hrs.) Provides a process-oriented view of the organization and its relationships with suppliers, customers, and competitors; processes as vehicles for achieving strategic objectives and transforming the organization; process analysis, design, implementation, control and monitoring; processes as a means of achieving compliance; impact on work; the role of enterprise resource planning (ERP), supply chain management (SCM), and customer relationship management (CRM) systems. The process continuum: from structured to unstructured processes. Impact on work practices.

The role of systems in transforming organizations and markets; global perspectives. Prerequisite : MIS 513 and MIS 575. MIS 570 Topics in Management Information Systems (1 to 3 Hrs.) An advanced topic from the current literature of MIS. May be repeated for an indefinite number of hours, but particular topics must differ. Access to the Internet is required. MIS 571 Electronic Commerce: Business Uses of the Internet (3 Hrs.) Tools and technologies needed for term robotics electronic commerce are reviewed.

Business opportunities, challenges, and strategies for use of the information superhighway will be explored, as will strategies and published, vision on narrative chronological order, how to thesis, leverage the emerging national and global information infrastructure. Other topics include the impact of the emerging electronic market and postgraduate, commerce re-engineering in today's corporations. Access to the Internet is required. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and familiarity with a computer and the Internet. MIS 572 Neural Networks and published, Business Applications (3 Hrs.) Study on neural netowrks technology and exploration of its potential applications in business and management through hands-on class projects.

Neural network tools such as Brainmaker (for Windows) and Neural Ware (for DOS). Essay On Classroom? Topics include biological neurons and connections, expert systems vs. Published Thesis? neural networks, fuzzy logic, machine learning, perceptron, back propagation, training and testing techniques, and review of literature, others. Access to the Internet is required. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and a college-level statistics course. MIS 573 Project Management (3 Hrs.)

Managing projects within an thesis organizational context, including the essay environment, processes related to initiating, planning, executing, controlling, reporting, and closing a project. Covers topics such as project integration, scope, time, cost, quality control, risk management, and earned value management. Students will be exposed to knowledge base needed for Project Management certification. Access to online, the Internet is on classroom, required. Open to non-MIS majors. Prequisite: BUS 322, or equivalent, or permission of instructor.

MIS 574 Marketing on the Internet (3 Hrs.) Offered only online as an MIS elective. Focuses on published thesis online, how the Internet is affecting traditional marketing activities and First Project Report, functions such as market segmentation, the marketing mix, and global marketing. Included is consideration of new Internet marketing models in business-to-consumer marketing (B2C) and businee-to-business (B2B) marketing, with particular emphasis on advertising on the Internet. Open to published, graduate non-majors if space is available with permission of the instructor and their advisers. MBA students may not use this course as a substitute for BUS 512. Of My? Access to the Internet is required.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing. MIS 575 Technology Management and Organizational Transformation (3 Hrs.) Provides participants with knowledge and skills in the concepts of managing technological change within for profit and not-for-profit types of organizations. Thesis? Examines how information technology makes possible new business models, new organizational structures, and new management processes. Presents different approaches and current practices in dealing with the organizational and human aspects of effective technology transition initiatives. Topics covered include change management, new information technology-based business models, planning for technology transition, managing change agents, and managerial decisions about information technology. Major emphasis on discussion of current situations faced by today's organizations and paper, extended case studies. Access to published online, the Internet is required. Prereqisite: MIS 513, or equivalent, or permission of instructor. MIS 576 Data Warehousing (3 Hrs)

Data warehousing is an emerging technology within the IT industry. It provides an infrastructure to collect subject-oriented data for predefined strategic as well as tactical managerial decision making purposes such as planning, logistics and promotions. The main topics covered are dimensional modeling, Star and Snowflake scheme, data staging, logical and physical design implementation, and query design. State-of-the-art database technologies are used to demonstrate and practice the concepts, methodologies, and techniques. Prerequisite : MIS 542. Restricted to Graduate and Doctoral. MIS 578 Information Security (3 Hrs) This course will cover both technical and paper decorations watermelon, business/managerial aspects of information security. The technical part will cover 1) threats to published online, information security, 2) vulnerabilities of major computer information systems components, such as networks and databases, 3) controls that reduce the of my Project, chances and impacts of security breaches. The technical materials focus on concepts and principles rather than design and implementation. The business/managerial part will cover risk management, security planning, disaster recovery, legal, ethical and professional issues.

In addition to covering the concepts and thesis, principles, the course will also include industry practices and latest developments. MIS 583 Graduate Project and paper decorations watermelon, Seminar (3 Hrs./1 Hr.) Closure experience involving an advanced problem or need in MIS; may or may not involve a practicum. Online? For project examples, see Closure Requirements section. Project topic must be approved in advance by the MIS Department Committee; written report and oral presentation required. Course may be repeated, but only project review four hours may be used to satisfy degree requirements. Access to the Internet is required. Prerequisite: 18 hours of 500 level coursework in MIS.

Note : If the project is not completed during the initial three-hour enrollment, students must register for one credit hour on an audit basis in all subsequent semesters until the project is published, completed. MIS 584 MIS Capstone (3 Hrs.) This course covers current topics in robotics, MIS including issues related to areas of business environment, technology, globalization, politics, ethics, legal, regulatory, and demographic diversity. The role of MIS in those areas will be addressed. In each semester, these selected topics may not be the same depending on what topics are current and emerging. Assignments include paper critiques, group discussions, and published online, a final paper or project. This course is term paper robotics, primarily for MIS majors and should be taken in the last semester of the MIS degree program. Access to the Internet is required. Prerequisite: 24 hours of 500 level coursework in thesis online, MIS. MIS 585 MIS Thesis and Seminar (6 Hrs./1 Hr.) Academic study of a student-selected topic in MIS that involves a survey of relevant literature and empirical analysis.

Thesis topic must be approved in advance by the MIS Department Committee; written report and oral presentation required. Course may be repeated, but only six hours may be used to satisfy degree requirements. Access to the Internet is required. Prerequisite : 18 hours of 500 level coursework in MIS. Note: If the thesis is not completed during the initial six-hour enrollment, students must register for one credit hour on an audit basis in all subsequent semesters until the postgraduate social work courses, project is completed.

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50 Inspiring Resume Designs: And What You Can Learn From Them. Your resume or CV may be one of the most important projects you ever design. It can make or break job applications, open doors to new careers, make a great (or dismal) first impression. Thesis! When you send out your resume, you’re really sending out a piece of environment, yourself. So make sure it’s representing you to your best advantage. Just like how you dress your best for an interview, it’s important to give your resume the same treatment — to published make sure it’s polished and party decorations, presentable. The 50 resume designs below span a wide range of styles, from strictly businesslike to ultra creative — browse through them to get some ideas for updating your own resume. Designing your own is easy with our wide collection of beautiful resume templates. Click the image to published see more resume templates.

Starting off your resume strong with a bold header, like in this design by Shed Labs for Loft Resumes, draws attention to robotics your name and makes it more memorable. You can also include a few keywords or descriptors under your name that sum up who you are as a candidate. Published! This chessboard-style layout is certainly striking, giving each category its own distinct space. But Mikha Makhoul’s resume is still somewhat subdued thanks to the simple black-and-white color scheme; it doesn’t sacrifice professionalism for party decorations, visual interest. Some well-placed shadows can make your resume pop, literally — giving it a 3D appearance and creating the illusion of depth.

Errol Veloso explains how he chose the colors of his design purposefully: blue to symbolize his creative side and thesis online, red to symbolize his analytic side. Try using shapes and of my Project, frames for emphasis. You can experiment with geometric shapes (circles, squares, rectangles), ribbons, or solid or dashed lines. Here, Michael Long frames his name and published thesis, his role to help them stand out. A cohesive color scheme of cool blues and minty hues gives this information-packed, infographic-style resume by Joseph Acena a visual theme and an orderly, coordinated look. Term Paper! Using a horizontal orientation (instead of the traditional vertical format) immediately gives your resume an edge in terms of attracting attention.

Other strong points of this design by online, Justin Schueler include a balanced, un-crowded layout and plenty of negative space. Term! There seems to be a trend, at least in industries where you can take some risks with your resume, to forget the stuffy business lingo and show that there’s a human behind the piece of paper. Published Thesis Online! Using a more conversational tone, as David Elgena has done with his “Hello, nice to meet you. Postgraduate Social Work Courses! Here’s a little about me” header at the top of this resume, may help you create rapport with the online, person who’s reviewing your application before you even meet them. This resume by Kyle Robertson features a custom crest with Kyle’s name and a catchy tagline. Creating a distinctive personal brand or style for yourself (such as a personal logo, a color scheme, a nice selection of fonts, etc.) gives your work an extra sheen of professionalism (and an opportunity to show off your abilities). Plus, once you put the work in, this “brand” is something you can use over and over again — on letterhead, business cards, social media profiles, you name it. Term Robotics! For a unique take on traditional resume colors, try light text on a dark background, as Abdullah Al Mamun has done here.

Just make sure that your font is weighty enough to be easily readable and not get lost against the background. This clean resume by Patrick Rogan uses a bright splash of color and whittles down the information to only the basics (skills and past positions). Icons in the skills section provide a visual reference that still complements the simplistic style. Printing your resume on textured paper can give an impression of quality, craftsmanship, or luxury. If a color other than white seems inappropriate for your industry, try a white or cream-colored paper with a slight texture for an ultra-professional, upscale look. This example by S.N. Carter, printed on a recycled or kraft-style paper, gives the resume a custom, hand-printed feel. When applying for published online, a position where a more creative approach isn’t appropriate, it’s always a safe bet to opt for a simple, text-based resume with clean fonts.

Here, Frank Schamhart has embellished his resume slightly with minimal use of an accent color and First Part of my, a small personal portrait. If you’re after a job in published the arts or some other highly visual industry, make your resume a mini portfolio like illustrator Rianti Hidayat has done here. Bradley Brooks keeps his resume businesslike with a classic black-and-white color scheme, but livens things up with a modular layout and a personal logo. Infographic-style resumes have become popular, and they can be effective when done well. But they should be more than a collection of pretty pictures; the images should, at on classroom, a glance, tell something about you and thesis online, complement or enhance the text, like in term this resume design by Rachel Winter. If you’re seeking work in an industry where appearance is important, or the job has asked you to thesis online include a portrait, try integrating it into essay your resume.

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You’ve only got one name. Order! Make it memorable. If it’s unique, highlight it. Make it big and bold, like Fredrik Andresen did on his resume. Give the hiring manager something to zero in on. Your font choices can change the whole character of your resume. For instance, the rounded fonts with soft edges that Louis Omari has used for his resume have a more casual, friendly feel than sharper, serif fonts might have. Online! Need to show your qualifications on on classroom environment, the run? Post your resume online and make it mobile-friendly, like Julien Renvoye has done. Thesis Online! You can include your resume on your personal website or even post it to networking platforms like LinkedIn. Use blocks of party, color and/or lines to separate different sections of your resume, give it structure, and make it easy to online navigate visually.

This template from employee motivation review of literature, Beautiful Resumes features vibrant colors, but you could just as easily get the same effect with a more subtle color scheme. If you’re going the infographic route, think of effective ways that you can use different types of graphs to represent your skills, experience, or background, like Martin Suster did here. Organizing your resume with columns, like this three-column layout Anton Yermolov used, keeps the information tidy, creates clear divisions between sections, and published thesis, helps you keep everything sharply aligned. Use a sidebar in your resume to call attention to extra (or extra important) information that you want to highlight. Here, Ola Hamdy used a colored sidebar to paper watermelon separate her personal and contact information from her educational and professional details. Online! Although this resume design is text-heavy, Gershom Charig mixes things up with a two-color scheme and a word cloud to narrative essay chronological creatively represent the breadth of his skills and experience. Similar in published thesis function to the word cloud above, various sizes of decorations, circles represent Silviu Schiau’s proficiency in various areas, such as management and design. The size of the circles corresponds with his amount of experience — a fresh way to illustrate core competencies. Give the person looking at published thesis, your resume an excuse to chronological order find out published, more about you. Including a link to your website or portfolio (or even a QR code, as Krysten Newby has done here) acts as a good prompt.

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cold skin essay IN WATCHING the flow of thesis events over the past decade or so, it is hard to avoid the feeling that something very fundamental has happened in paper robotics, world history. The past year has seen a flood of articles commemorating the end of the Cold War, and the fact that peace seems to be breaking out in many regions of the world. Most of these analyses lack any larger conceptual framework for published thesis online distinguishing between what is First Part Report essential and what is thesis contingent or accidental in world history, and are predictably superficial. If Mr. Gorbachev were ousted from the Kremlin or a new Ayatollah proclaimed the millennium from a desolate Middle Eastern capital, these same commentators would scramble to announce the rebirth of a new era of conflict. And yet, all of these people sense dimly that there is some larger process at work, a process that gives coherence and order to the daily headlines. Term Robotics! The twentieth century saw the thesis online developed world descend into a paroxysm of ideological violence, as liberalism contended first with the remnants of absolutism, then bolshevism and First of my Project fascism, and finally an online, updated Marxism that threatened to lead to the ultimate apocalypse of nuclear war.

But the century that began full of self-confidence in social courses, the ultimate triumph of Western liberal democracy seems at its close to be returning full circle to online where it started: not to paper an end of ideology or a convergence between capitalism and socialism, as earlier predicted, but to an unabashed victory of economic and thesis online political liberalism. The triumph of the West, of the Western idea , is evident first of paper decorations watermelon all in published online, the total exhaustion of viable systematic alternatives to Western liberalism. In the narrative chronological past decade, there have been unmistakable changes in the intellectual climate of the world's two largest communist countries, and the beginnings of significant reform movements in online, both. But this phenomenon extends beyond high politics and it can be seen also in the ineluctable spread of consumerist Western culture in such diverse contexts as the peasants' markets and color television sets now omnipresent throughout China, the cooperative restaurants and clothing stores opened in robotics, the past year in Moscow, the Beethoven piped into Japanese department stores, and thesis online the rock music enjoyed alike in Prague, Rangoon, and Tehran. What we may be witnessing is not just the end of the Cold War, or the passing of a particular period of environment postwar history, but the published thesis online end of history as such: that is, the end point of mankind's ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the order final form of human government.

This is not to say that there will no longer be events to fill the thesis online pages of Foreign Affair's yearly summaries of employee of literature international relations, for the victory of liberalism has occurred primarily in the realm of ideas or consciousness and is as yet incomplete in. the real or material world. But there are powerful reasons for believing that it is the ideal that will govern the thesis online material world in the long run . To understand how this is so, we must first consider some theoretical issues concerning the nature of historical change. THE NOTION of the essay on classroom end of history is not an online, original one. Its best known propagator was Karl Marx, who believed that the direction of historical development was a purposeful one determined by the interplay of material forces, and would come to an end only with the achievement of a communist utopia that would finally resolve all prior contradictions. But the narrative essay concept of history as a dialectical process with a beginning, a middle, and an end was borrowed by thesis, Marx from his great German predecessor, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel.

For better or worse, much of Hegel's historicism has become part of our contemporary intellectual baggage. The notion that mankind has progressed through a series of primitive stages of consciousness on his path to employee motivation review the present, and that these stages corresponded to concrete forms of social organization, such as tribal, slave-owning, theocratic, and finally democratic-egalitarian societies, has become inseparable from the modern understanding of man. Thesis! Hegel was the postgraduate social work courses first philosopher to speak the language of modern social science, insofar as man for him was the product of his concrete historical and social environment and not, as earlier natural right theorists would have it, a collection of more or less fixed natural attributes. The mastery and transformation of man's natural environment through the application of science and technology was originally not a Marxist concept, but a Hegelian one. Unlike later historicists whose historical relativism degenerated into relativism tout court, however, Hegel believed that history culminated in an absolute moment - a moment in which a final, rational form of society and state became victorious. It is Hegel's misfortune to published online be known now primarily as Marx's precursor; and it is our misfortune that few of us are familiar with Hegel's work from direct study, but only essay on classroom as it has been filtered through the distorting lens of published Marxism. In France, however, there has been an effort to save Hegel from his Marxist interpreters and to resurrect him as the philosopher who most correctly speaks to our time. Among those modern French interpreters of Hegel, the greatest was certainly Alexandre Kojeve, a brilliant Russian emigre who taught a highly influential series of postgraduate work seminars in Paris in published online, the 1930s at the Ecole Practique des Hautes Etudes .[1] While largely unknown in paper decorations, the United States, Kojeve had a major impact on the intellectual life of the continent.

Among his students ranged such future luminaries as Jean-Paul Sartre on the Left and Raymond Aron on the Right; postwar existentialism borrowed many of its basic categories from Hegel via Kojeve. Kojeve sought to resurrect the Hegel of the Phenomenology of Mind , the Hegel who proclaimed history to be at an end in 1806. For as early as this Hegel saw in Napoleon's defeat of the published Prussian monarchy at the Battle of Jena the victory of the ideals of the French Revolution, and the imminent universalization of the state incorporating the principles of liberty and equality. Kojeve, far from rejecting Hegel in light of the turbulent events of the next century and a half, insisted that the latter had been essentially correct.[2] The Battle of Jena marked the end of history because it was at employee motivation project review of literature, that point that the vanguard of online humanity (a term quite familiar to Marxists) actualized the principles of the French Revolution. While there was considerable work to be done after 1806 - abolishing slavery and the slave trade, extending the franchise to workers, women, blacks, and other racial minorities, etc. - the basic principles of the liberal democratic state could not be improved upon.

The two world wars in this century and their attendant revolutions and upheavals simply had the effect of extending those principles spatially, such that the various provinces of human civilization were brought up to the level of its most advanced outposts, and of forcing those societies in Europe and North America at the vanguard of civilization to implement their liberalism more fully. The state that emerges at essay environment, the end of history is liberal insofar as it recognizes and protects through a system of law man's universal right to freedom, and democratic insofar as it exists only with the consent of the governed. For Kojeve, this so-called universal homogenous state found real-life embodiment in the countries of postwar Western Europe - precisely those flabby, prosperous, self-satisfied, inward-looking, weak-willed states whose grandest project was nothing more heroic than the thesis creation of the Common Market.[3] But this was only to be expected. For human history and the conflict that characterized it was based on the existence of contradictions: primitive man's quest for mutual recognition, the dialectic of the master and slave, the paper decorations watermelon transformation and mastery of nature, the struggle for the universal recognition of published online rights, and the dichotomy between proletarian and essay order capitalist. Thesis Online! But in the universal homogenous state, all prior contradictions are resolved and all human needs are satisfied. There is paper decorations no struggle or conflict over large issues, and consequently no need for generals or statesmen; what remains is primarily economic activity. And indeed, Kojeve's life was consistent with his teaching. Believing that there was no more work for philosophers as well, since Hegel (correctly understood) had already achieved absolute knowledge, Kojeve left teaching after the war and spent the remainder of his life working as a bureaucrat in thesis, the European Economic Community, until his death in 1968.

To his contemporaries at mid-century, Kojeve's proclamation of the end of history must have seemed like the typical eccentric solipsism of a French intellectual, coming as it did on the heels of World War II and at the very height of the Cold War. To comprehend how Kojeve could have been so audacious as to assert that history has ended, we must first of all understand the meaning of Hegelian idealism. FOR HEGEL, the contradictions that drive history exist first of all in the realm of human consciousness, i.e. on term paper robotics, the level of ideas[4] - not the trivial election year proposals of American politicians, but ideas in the sense of large unifying world views that might best be understood under the rubric of ideology. Ideology in this sense is not restricted to the secular and explicit political doctrines we usually associate with the thesis term, but can include religion, culture, and the complex of moral values underlying any society as well. Hegel's view of the relationship between the paper ideal and the real or material worlds was an extremely complicated one, beginning with the fact that for him the distinction between the published two was only apparent.[5] He did not believe that the real world conformed or could be made to conform to ideological preconceptions of philosophy professors in any simpleminded way, or that the material world could not impinge on the ideal. Indeed, Hegel the professor was temporarily thrown out of work as a result of a very material event, the Battle of Jena. But while Hegel's writing and thinking could be stopped by a bullet from the material world, the hand on the trigger of the gun was motivated in turn by the ideas of liberty and equality that had driven the French Revolution. For Hegel, all human behavior in the material world, and hence all human history, is social work courses rooted in published thesis, a prior state of consciousness - an First Project Report, idea similar to the one expressed by John Maynard Keynes when he said that the views of men of affairs were usually derived from defunct economists and academic scribblers of earlier generations. Published! This consciousness may not be explicit and self-aware, as are modern political doctrines, but may rather take the form of religion or simple cultural or moral habits. And yet this realm of consciousness in the long run necessarily becomes manifest in the material world, indeed creates the material world in on classroom, its own image.

Consciousness is cause and not effect, and can develop autonomously from the material world; hence the real subtext underlying the online apparent jumble of current events is the history of paper party ideology. Hegel's idealism has fared poorly at the hands of thesis later thinkers. Marx reversed the priority of the real and the ideal completely, relegating the entire realm of consciousness - religion, art, culture, philosophy itself - to a superstructure that was determined entirely by the prevailing material mode of party decorations production. Yet another unfortunate legacy of Marxism is our tendency to retreat into materialist or utilitarian explanations of political or historical phenomena, and our disinclination to believe in the autonomous power of published ideas. A recent example of this is Paul Kennedy's hugely successful The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers , which ascribes the decorations decline of great powers to simple economic overextension. Thesis! Obviously, this is true on First Part Project Report, some level: an empire whose economy is barely above the level of published subsistence cannot bankrupt its treasury indefinitely. But whether a highly productive modern industrial society chooses to essay spend 3 or 7 percent of its GNP on defense rather than consumption is thesis online entirely a matter of that society's political priorities, which are in turn determined in work courses, the realm of consciousness. The materialist bias of modern thought is characteristic not only of people on the Left who may be sympathetic to Marxism, but of many passionate anti-Marxists as well. Indeed, there is on the Right what one might label the Wall Street Journal school of deterministic materialism that discounts the importance of ideology and culture and sees man as essentially a rational, profit-maximizing individual. It is precisely this kind of individual and his pursuit of material incentives that is posited as the basis for economic life as such in economic textbooks.[6] One small example will illustrate the problematic character of such materialist views. Max Weber begins his famous book, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism , by noting the different economic performance of Protestant and Catholic communities throughout Europe and America, summed up in thesis, the proverb that Protestants eat well while Catholics sleep well.

Weber notes that according to any economic theory that posited man as a rational profit-maximizer, raising the piece-work rate should increase labor productivity. But in fact, in many traditional peasant communities, raising the piece-work rate actually had the opposite effect of lowering labor productivity: at the higher rate, a peasant accustomed to earning two and one-half marks per day found he could earn the same amount by working less, and did so because he valued leisure more than income. The choices of leisure over essay environment, income, or of the militaristic life of the Spartan hoplite over the wealth of the Athenian trader, or even the ascetic life of the thesis early capitalist entrepreneur over that of Project Report a traditional leisured aristocrat, cannot possibly be explained by the impersonal working of material forces, but come preeminently out of the sphere of thesis consciousness - what we have labeled here broadly as ideology. And indeed, a central theme of Weber's work was to prove that contrary to employee project of literature Marx, the material mode of production, far from being the base, was itself a superstructure with roots in thesis, religion and culture, and that to understand the emergence of modern capitalism and the profit motive one had to study their antecedents in the realm of the spirit. As we look around the employee motivation review of literature contemporary world, the poverty of thesis online materialist theories of economic development is all too apparent. The Wall Street Journal school of deterministic materialism habitually points to the stunning economic success of Asia in the past few decades as evidence of the viability of free market economics, with the implication that all societies would see similar development were they simply to allow their populations to pursue their material self-interest freely. Surely free markets and stable political systems are a necessary precondition to capitalist economic growth. But just as surely the cultural heritage of those Far Eastern societies, the ethic of employee project review of literature work and published online saving and family, a religious heritage that does not, like Islam, place restrictions on narrative chronological order, certain forms of economic behavior, and other deeply ingrained moral qualities, are equally important in explaining their economic performance.[7] And yet the published thesis online intellectual weight of materialism is such that not a single respectable contemporary theory of economic development addresses consciousness and culture seriously as the Part Report matrix within which economic behavior is formed. FAILURE to understand that the published thesis roots of employee review economic behavior lie in the realm of consciousness and culture leads to the common mistake of attributing material causes to phenomena that are essentially ideal in nature.

For example, it is commonplace in the West to interpret the reform movements first in China and most recently in the Soviet Union as the victory of the material over the ideal - that is, a recognition that ideological incentives could not replace material ones in stimulating a highly productive modern economy, and that if one wanted to prosper one had to published thesis appeal to baser forms of self-interest. Employee Project! But the online deep defects of socialist economies were evident thirty or forty years ago to anyone who chose to look. Why was it that these countries moved away from paper decorations central planning only in the 1980s' The answer must be found in the consciousness of the elites and leaders ruling them, who decided to opt for the Protestant life of wealth and published thesis online risk over the Catholic path of employee motivation project review of literature poverty and security.[8] That change was in published, no way made inevitable by the material conditions in which either country found itself on the eve of the essay reform, but instead came about as the result of the victory of one idea over another.[9] For Kojeve, as for all good Hegelians, understanding the underlying processes of history requires understanding developments in the realm of consciousness or ideas, since consciousness will ultimately remake the material world in its own image. To say that history ended in published thesis, 1806 meant that mankind's ideological evolution ended in the ideals of the French or American Revolutions: while particular regimes in the real world might not implement these ideals fully, their theoretical truth is absolute and could not be improved upon. Hence it did not matter to Kojeve that the consciousness of the postwar generation of Europeans had not been universalized throughout the world; if ideological development had in fact ended, the postgraduate social courses homogenous state would eventually become victorious throughout the material world. I have neither the space nor, frankly, the ability to defend in thesis, depth Hegel's radical idealist perspective.

The issue is not whether Hegel's system was right, but whether his perspective might uncover the problematic nature of many materialist explanations we often take for granted. This is not to deny the role of material factors as such. To a literal-minded idealist, human society can be built around any arbitrary set of paper robotics principles regardless of published their relationship to the material world. And in fact men have proven themselves able to endure the most extreme material hardships in the name of ideas that exist in the realm of the environment spirit alone, be it the published thesis divinity of cows or the nature of the Holy Trinity.[10] But while man's very perception of the material world is narrative order shaped by his historical consciousness of it, the material world can clearly affect in return the viability of a particular state of consciousness. In particular, the spectacular abundance of published online advanced liberal economies and the infinitely diverse consumer culture made possible by them seem to both foster and preserve liberalism in the political sphere. I want to avoid the materialist determinism that says that liberal economics inevitably produces liberal politics, because I believe that both economics and politics presuppose an autonomous prior state of consciousness that makes them possible.

But that state of consciousness that permits the growth of review liberalism seems to stabilize in the way one would expect at the end of history if it is underwritten by the abundance of a modern free market economy. We might summarize the published content of the universal homogenous state as liberal democracy in the political sphere combined with easy access to VCRs and stereos in the economic. HAVE WE in fact reached the postgraduate social end of thesis online history? Are there, in other words, any fundamental contradictions in human life that cannot be resolved in the context of modern liberalism, that would be resolvable by postgraduate courses, an alternative political-economic structure? If we accept the idealist premises laid out above, we must seek an answer to this question in the realm of thesis online ideology and consciousness. Our task is not to First Part Report answer exhaustively the challenges to liberalism promoted by every crackpot messiah around the world, but only those that are embodied in important social or political forces and thesis movements, and which are therefore part of world history.

For our purposes, it matters very little what strange thoughts occur to people in motivation, Albania or Burkina Faso, for we are interested in what one could in published thesis, some sense call the common ideological heritage of mankind. In the past century, there have been two major challenges to liberalism, those of fascism and of communism. Motivation Review Of Literature! The former[11] saw the political weakness, materialism, anomie, and lack of community of the West as fundamental contradictions in liberal societies that could only be resolved by thesis online, a strong state that forged a new people on the basis of national exclusiveness. Fascism was destroyed as a living ideology by World War II. This was a defeat, of course, on Part of my Report, a very material level, but it amounted to a defeat of the idea as well. What destroyed fascism as an idea was not universal moral revulsion against online it, since plenty of people were willing to endorse the idea as long as it seemed the wave of the future, but its lack of success. After the war, it seemed to essay on classroom most people that German fascism as well as its other European and Asian variants were bound to self-destruct. There was no material reason why new fascist movements could not have sprung up again after the war in other locales, but for the fact that expansionist ultranationalism, with its promise of unending conflict leading to disastrous military defeat, had completely lost its appeal.

The ruins of the Reich chancellery as well as the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and thesis Nagasaki killed this ideology on the level of consciousness as well as materially, and all of the pro-fascist movements spawned by the German and Japanese examples like the Peronist movement in Argentina or Subhas Chandra Bose's Indian National Army withered after the war. The ideological challenge mounted by watermelon, the other great alternative to liberalism, communism, was far more serious. Marx, speaking Hegel's language, asserted that liberal society contained a fundamental contradiction that could not be resolved within its context, that between capital and labor, and this contradiction has constituted the chief accusation against liberalism ever since. But surely, the class issue has actually been successfully resolved in the West. As Kojeve (among others) noted, the egalitarianism of modern America represents the essential achievement of the classless society envisioned by Marx. This is not to say that there are not rich people and published thesis online poor people in the United States, or that the gap between them has not grown in recent years. But the root causes of economic inequality do not have to chronological order do with the underlying legal and social structure of our society, which remains fundamentally egalitarian and moderately redistributionist, so much as with the cultural and social characteristics of the groups that make it up, which are in online, turn the historical legacy of premodern conditions. Thus black poverty in the United States is not the inherent product of liberalism, but is rather the legacy of slavery and racism which persisted long after the formal abolition of slavery. As a result of the receding of the class issue, the appeal of communism in the developed Western world, it is safe to on classroom say, is lower today than any time since the end of the First World War. This can he measured in any number of ways: in the declining membership and electoral pull of the thesis major European communist parties, and their overtly revisionist programs; in chronological, the corresponding electoral success of conservative parties from Britain and Germany to the United States and Japan, which are unabashedly pro-market and anti-statist; and in an intellectual climate whose most advanced members no longer believe that bourgeois society is something that ultimately needs to be overcome.

This is online not to say that the opinions of progressive intellectuals in Western countries are not deeply pathological in any number of social work ways. Published! But those who believe that the future must inevitably be socialist tend to be very old, or very marginal to the real political discourse of their societies. 0NE MAY argue that the socialist alternative was never terribly plausible for the North Atlantic world, and was sustained for the last several decades primarily by its success outside of this region. But it is precisely in the non-European world that one is most struck by essay, the occurrence of major ideological transformations. Published Thesis! Surely the most remarkable changes have occurred in Asia. Due to term robotics the strength and adaptability of the indigenous cultures there, Asia became a battleground for a variety of imported Western ideologies early in this century. Liberalism in Asia was a very weak reed in published online, the period after World War I; it is easy today to forget how gloomy Asia's political future looked as recently as ten or fifteen years ago. It is easy to forget as well how momentous the outcome of Asian ideological struggles seemed for social work world political development as a whole. The first Asian alternative to liberalism to be decisively defeated was the published thesis fascist one represented by Imperial Japan. Japanese fascism (like its German version) was defeated by paper robotics, the force of American arms in the Pacific war, and liberal democracy was imposed on Japan by a victorious United States.

Western capitalism and political liberalism when transplanted to Japan were adapted and transformed by the Japanese in thesis online, such a way as to be scarcely recognizable.[12] Many Americans are now aware that Japanese industrial organization is First of my very different from that prevailing in the United States or Europe, and it is questionable what relationship the factional maneuvering that takes place with the governing Liberal Democratic Party bears to democracy. Nonetheless, the very fact that the essential elements of economic and political liberalism have been so successfully grafted onto published thesis, uniquely Japanese traditions and Part Project institutions guarantees their survival in the long run. More important is the contribution that Japan has made in turn to world history by following in the footsteps of the United States to create a truly universal consumer culture that has become both a symbol and an underpinning of the universal homogenous state. V.S. Naipaul traveling in Khomeini's Iran shortly after the revolution noted the omnipresent signs advertising the products of Sony, Hitachi, and JVC, whose appeal remained virtually irresistible and gave the lie to the regime's pretensions of restoring a state based on the rule of the thesis Shariah . Desire for access to the consumer culture, created in large measure by Japan, has played a crucial role in fostering the spread of economic liberalism throughout Asia, and hence in promoting political liberalism as well. The economic success of the other newly industrializing countries (NICs) in Asia following on the example of Japan is by now a familiar story. What is important from a Hegelian standpoint is essay that political liberalism has been following economic liberalism, more slowly than many had hoped but with seeming inevitability. Here again we see the thesis online victory of the idea of the universal homogenous state. South Korea had developed into Part Project, a modern, urbanized society with an increasingly large and well-educated middle class that could not possibly be isolated from the published thesis online larger democratic trends around them. Under these circumstances it seemed intolerable to a large part of this population that it should be ruled by an anachronistic military regime while Japan, only a decade or so ahead in economic terms, had parliamentary institutions for work over forty years.

Even the former socialist regime in Burma, which for so many decades existed in dismal isolation from the larger trends dominating Asia, was buffeted in online, the past year by pressures to liberalize both its economy and Part political system. It is thesis online said that unhappiness with strongman Ne Win began when a senior Burmese officer went to Singapore for medical treatment and broke down crying when he saw how far socialist Burma had been left behind by its ASEAN neighbors. BUT THE power of the liberal idea would seem much less impressive if it had not infected the largest and oldest culture in Asia, China. Robotics! The simple existence of communist China created an alternative pole of thesis ideological attraction, and essay on classroom as such constituted a threat to liberalism. But the past fifteen years have seen an almost total discrediting of Marxism-Leninism as an thesis, economic system. Beginning with the chronological famous third plenum of the Tenth Central Committee in online, 1978, the Chinese Communist party set about decollectivizing agriculture for the 800 million Chinese who still lived in the countryside. The role of the state in agriculture was reduced to that of a tax collector, while production of consumer goods was sharply increased in order to give peasants a taste of the universal homogenous state and thereby an incentive to work.

The reform doubled Chinese grain output in only five years, and in the process created for Deng Xiaoping a solid political base from which he was able to extend the on classroom environment reform to other parts of the economy. Economic Statistics do not begin to describe the dynamism, initiative, and openness evident in China since the thesis online reform began. China could not now be described in any way as a liberal democracy. At present, no more than 20 percent of employee of literature its economy has been marketized, and published online most importantly it continues to Part of my Project be ruled by a self-appointed Communist party which has given no hint of wanting to devolve power. Published! Deng has made none of Gorbachev's promises regarding democratization of the political system and there is no Chinese equivalent of glasnost. The Chinese leadership has in work, fact been much more circumspect in criticizing Mao and Maoism than Gorbachev with respect to Brezhnev and Stalin, and the regime continues to pay lip service to Marxism-Leninism as its ideological underpinning. But anyone familiar with the outlook and published thesis online behavior of the new technocratic elite now governing China knows that Marxism and on classroom ideological principle have become virtually irrelevant as guides to policy, and that bourgeois consumerism has a real meaning in that country for the first time since the revolution. The various slowdowns in the pace of online reform, the on classroom environment campaigns against spiritual pollution and thesis crackdowns on political dissent are more properly seen as tactical adjustments made in the process of managing what is an extraordinarily difficult political transition.

By ducking the question of political reform while putting the economy on a new footing, Deng has managed to avoid the breakdown of authority that has accompanied Gorbachev's perestroika . Yet the pull of the liberal idea continues to be very strong as economic power devolves and the economy becomes more open to the outside world. There are currently over project, 20,000 Chinese students studying in the U.S. and other Western countries, almost all of them the children of the Chinese elite. It is hard to believe that when they return home to run the country they will be content for China to published thesis be the only country in Asia unaffected by the larger democratizing trend. The student demonstrations in Beijing that broke out first in December 1986 and recurred recently on the occasion of Hu Yao-bang's death were only the beginning of essay environment what will inevitably be mounting pressure for change in the political system as well. What is important about published online China from the standpoint of paper robotics world history is not the present state of the online reform or even its future prospects. Social Work! The central issue is the published fact that the People's Republic of China can no longer act as a beacon for illiberal forces around the world, whether they be guerrillas in some Asian jungle or middle class students in Paris. Party Decorations Watermelon! Maoism, rather than being the pattern for Asia's future, became an anachronism, and it was the mainland Chinese who in fact were decisively influenced by the prosperity and dynamism of their overseas co-ethnics - the ironic ultimate victory of Taiwan.

Important as these changes in China have been, however, it is online developments in the Soviet Union - the original homeland of the world proletariat - that have put the final nail in the coffin of the Marxist-Leninist alternative to liberal democracy. It should be clear that in terms of formal institutions, not much has changed in the four years since Gorbachev has come to power: free markets and the cooperative movement represent only a small part of the Soviet economy, which remains centrally planned; the political system is still dominated by the Communist party, which has only begun to democratize internally and to share power with other groups; the narrative essay chronological order regime continues to online assert that it is seeking only to modernize socialism and that its ideological basis remains Marxism-Leninism; and, finally, Gorbachev faces a potentially powerful conservative opposition that could undo many of the changes that have taken place to date. Moreover, it is hard to be too sanguine about the chances for success of Gorbachev's proposed reforms, either in the sphere of economics or politics. But my purpose here is not to motivation project review analyze events in the short-term, or to make predictions for policy purposes, but to look at underlying trends in the sphere of ideology and consciousness. Thesis! And in that respect, it is clear that an astounding transformation has occurred.

Emigres from the Soviet Union have been reporting for at least the last generation now that virtually nobody in that country truly believed in Marxism-Leninism any longer, and that this was nowhere more true than in the Soviet elite, which continued to mouth Marxist slogans out of sheer cynicism. The corruption and decadence of the late Brezhnev-era Soviet state seemed to matter little, however, for as long as the state itself refused to throw into question any of the fundamental principles underlying Soviet society, the system was capable of functioning adequately out of sheer inertia and could even muster some dynamism in the realm of foreign and defense policy. Marxism-Leninism was like a magical incantation which, however absurd and devoid of meaning, was the only common basis on which the paper robotics elite could agree to rule Soviet society. WHAT HAS happened in the four years since Gorbachev's coming to power is a revolutionary assault on the most fundamental institutions and principles of Stalinism, and their replacement by other principles which do not amount to thesis online liberalism per se but whose only connecting thread is liberalism. This is narrative chronological most evident in the economic sphere, where the reform economists around Gorbachev have become steadily more radical in their support for free markets, to the point where some like Nikolai Shmelev do not mind being compared in public to Milton Friedman. There is a virtual consensus among the currently dominant school of Soviet economists now that central planning and the command system of allocation are the root cause of economic inefficiency, and that if the Soviet system is ever to online heal itself, it must permit free and decentralized decision-making with respect to investment, labor, and prices. After a couple of initial years of ideological confusion, these principles have finally been incorporated into policy with the promulgation of new laws on enterprise autonomy, cooperatives, and finally in 1988 on lease arrangements and family farming.

There are, of course, a number of fatal flaws in party watermelon, the current implementation of the reform, most notably the absence of published thesis online a thoroughgoing price reform. But the problem is no longer a conceptual one: Gorbachev and his lieutenants seem to understand the economic logic of narrative essay chronological order marketization well enough, but like the leaders of a Third World country facing the IMF, are afraid of the social consequences of ending consumer subsidies and other forms of dependence on the state sector. In the political sphere, the proposed changes to the Soviet constitution, legal system, and thesis party rules amount to much less than the establishment of a liberal state. Gorbachev has spoken of democratization primarily in the sphere of internal party affairs, and has shown little intention of ending the Communist party's monopoly of power; indeed, the political reform seeks to legitimize and therefore strengthen the CPSU'S rule.[13] Nonetheless, the general principles underlying many of the reforms - that the paper party decorations watermelon people should be truly responsible for their own affairs, that higher political bodies should be answerable to lower ones, and not vice versa, that the rule of law should prevail over arbitrary police actions, with separation of powers and an independent judiciary, that there should be legal protection for property rights, the need for open discussion of public issues and the right of public dissent, the empowering of the Soviets as a forum in which the whole Soviet people can participate, and of a political culture that is published online more tolerant and pluralistic - come from a source fundamentally alien to the USSR's Marxist-Leninist tradition, even if they are incompletely articulated and poorly implemented in practice. Gorbachev's repeated assertions that he is doing no more than trying to restore the original meaning of Leninism are themselves a kind of Orwellian doublespeak. Gorbachev and his allies have consistently maintained that intraparty democracy was somehow the essence of Leninism, and that the various lib era1 practices of paper decorations watermelon open debate, secret ballot elections, and thesis rule of law were all part of the Leninist heritage, corrupted only later by social courses, Stalin. While almost anyone would look good compared to Stalin, drawing so sharp a line between Lenin and his successor is questionable.

The essence of Lenin's democratic centralism was centralism, not democracy; that is, the absolutely rigid, monolithic, and disciplined dictatorship of published thesis online a hierarchically organized vanguard Communist party, speaking in the name of the essay demos. All of published thesis Lenin's vicious polemics against Karl Kautsky, Rosa Luxemburg, and various other Menshevik and Social Democratic rivals, not to mention his contempt for bourgeois legality and freedoms, centered around his profound conviction that a revolution could not be successfully made by a democratically run organization. Gorbachev's claim that he is seeking to return to the true Lenin is perfectly easy to understand: having fostered a thorough denunciation of Stalinism and Brezhnevism as the root of the Part of my USSR's present predicament, he needs some point in Soviet history on which to anchor the legitimacy of the CPSU'S continued rule. But Gorbachev's tactical requirements should not blind us to the fact that the democratizing and decentralizing principles which he has enunciated in both the thesis economic and political spheres are highly subversive of some of the most fundamental precepts of both Marxism and Leninism. Indeed, if the bulk of the paper robotics present economic reform proposals were put into effect, it is hard to know how the Soviet economy would be more socialist than those of other Western countries with large public sectors. The Soviet Union could in no way be described as a liberal or democratic country now, nor do I think that it is terribly likely that perestroika will succeed such that the label will be thinkable any time in the near future. But at the end of history it is not necessary that all societies become successful liberal societies, merely that they end their ideological pretensions of representing different and higher forms of human society. And in this respect I believe that something very important has happened in the Soviet Union in the past few years: the criticisms of the Soviet system sanctioned by Gorbachev have been so thorough and devastating that there is published thesis very little chance of going back to on classroom either Stalinism or Brezhnevism in any simple way. Gorbachev has finally permitted people to say what they had privately understood for many years, namely, that the magical incantations of Marxism-Leninism were nonsense, that Soviet socialism was not superior to the West in any respect but was in fact a monumental failure. The conservative opposition in the USSR, consisting both of simple workers afraid of unemployment and inflation and of party officials fearful of published thesis online losing their jobs and privileges, is outspoken and may be strong enough to force Gorbachev's ouster in the next few years. But what both groups desire is tradition, order, and authority; they manifest no deep commitment to Marxism-Leninism, except insofar as they have invested much of robotics their own lives in thesis online, it.[14] For authority to be restored in essay on classroom, the Soviet Union after Gorbachev's demolition work, it must be on the basis of some new and vigorous ideology which has not yet appeared on thesis, the horizon.

IF WE ADMIT for the moment that the fascist and communist challenges to liberalism are dead, are there any other ideological competitors left? Or put another way, are there contradictions in liberal society beyond that of class that are not resolvable? Two possibilities suggest themselves, those of religion and nationalism. The rise of religious fundamentalism in recent years within the Christian, Jewish, and Muslim traditions has been widely noted. One is inclined to say that the of my Project revival of published religion in some way attests to a broad unhappiness with the impersonality and spiritual vacuity of liberal consumerist societies. Yet while the emptiness at the core of liberalism is most certainly a defect in the ideology - indeed, a flaw that one does not need the perspective of religion to recognize[15] - it is not at all clear that it is remediable through politics.

Modern liberalism itself was historically a consequence of the weakness of Project religiously-based societies which, failing to agree on the nature of the good life, could not provide even the minimal preconditions of published peace and on classroom environment stability. In the contemporary world only Islam has offered a theocratic state as a political alternative to both liberalism and communism. But the doctrine has little appeal for non-Muslims, and it is published thesis hard to believe that the movement will take on any universal significance. Other less organized religious impulses have been successfully satisfied within the sphere of personal life that is permitted in liberal societies. The other major contradiction potentially unresolvable by liberalism is the Part Project one posed by nationalism and other forms of racial and ethnic consciousness. It is published online certainly true that a very large degree of conflict since the Battle of Jena has had its roots in nationalism. Two cataclysmic world wars in this century have been spawned by the nationalism of the developed world in various guises, and if those passions have been muted to narrative essay a certain extent in postwar Europe, they are still extremely powerful in the Third World. Published! Nationalism has been a threat to liberalism historically in Germany, and continues to be one in isolated parts of paper party decorations watermelon post-historical Europe like Northern Ireland.

But it is not clear that nationalism rep resents an irreconcilable contradiction in the heart of liberalism. In the published first place, nationalism is postgraduate social not one single phenomenon but several, ranging from online mild cultural nostalgia to the highly organized and elaborately articulated doctrine of National Socialism. Only systematic nationalisms of the latter sort can qualify as a formal ideology on the level of employee project liberalism or communism. The vast majority of the world's nationalist movements do not have a political program beyond the published thesis negative desire of independence from some other group or people, and Part Project do not offer anything like a comprehensive agenda for socio-economic organization. As such, they are compatible with doctrines and ideologies that do offer such agendas. Published! While they may constitute a source of essay on classroom conflict for published liberal societies, this conflict does not arise from liberalism itself so much as from the postgraduate work fact that the liberalism in question is incomplete. Certainly a great deal of the world's ethnic and nationalist tension can be explained in terms of peoples who are forced to live in unrepresentative political systems that they have not chosen. While it is impossible to rule out the sudden appearance of new ideologies or previously unrecognized contradictions in liberal societies, then, the present world seems to confirm that the online fundamental principles of sociopolitical organization have not advanced terribly far since 1806.

Many of the wars and revolutions fought since that time have been undertaken in term, the name of ideologies which claimed to be more advanced than liberalism, but whose pretensions were ultimately unmasked by history. Online! In the First Part meantime, they have helped to published thesis online spread the universal homogenous state to the point where it could have a significant effect on the overall character of international relations. WHAT ARE the implications of the end of review of literature history for international relations? Clearly, the vast bulk of the Third World remains very much mired in history, and will be a terrain of conflict for many years to come. But let us focus for the time being on the larger and more developed states of the world who after all account for the greater part of thesis world politics. Russia and China are not likely to join the developed nations of the West as liberal societies any time in the foreseeable future, but suppose for a moment that Marxism-Leninism ceases to be a factor driving the robotics foreign policies of thesis online these states - a prospect which, if not yet here, the last few years have made a real possibility. How will the overall characteristics of a de-ideologized world differ from those of the one with which we are familiar at such a hypothetical juncture? The most common answer is - not very much. Term! For there is a very widespread belief among many observers of international relations that underneath the skin of ideology is a hard core of great power national interest that guarantees a fairly high level of competition and conflict between nations. Thesis Online! Indeed, according to social courses one academically popular school of international relations theory, conflict inheres in published online, the international system as such, and to social work understand the published prospects for conflict one must look at the shape of the robotics system - for example, whether it is bipolar or multipolar - rather than at online, the specific character of the nations and regimes that constitute it. This school in effect applies a Hobbesian view of politics to party international relations, and assumes that aggression and insecurity are universal characteristics of human societies rather than the product of specific historical circumstances.

Believers in this line of thought take the relations that existed between the participants in the classical nineteenth century European balance of power as a model for what a de-ideologized contemporary world would look like. Charles Krauthammer, for example, recently explained that if as a result of Gorbachev's reforms the thesis USSR is shorn of Marxist-Leninist ideology, its behavior will revert to that of nineteenth century imperial Russia.[16] While he finds this more reassuring than the threat posed by a communist Russia, he implies that there will still be a substantial degree of competition and conflict in Part of my Project Report, the international system, just as there was say between Russia and Britain or Wilhelmine Germany in the last century. This is, of course, a convenient point of view for people who want to published online admit that something major is on classroom changing in the Soviet Union, but do not want to accept responsibility for recommending the radical policy redirection implicit in such a view. But is it true? In fact, the notion that ideology is a superstructure imposed on a substratum of permanent great power interest is a highly questionable proposition. For the way in which any state defines its national interest is not universal but rests on some kind of prior ideological basis, just as we saw that economic behavior is determined by a prior state of online consciousness. In this century, states have adopted highly articulated doctrines with explicit foreign policy agendas legitimizing expansionism, like Marxism-Leninism or National Socialism. THE EXPANSIONIST and competitive behavior of nineteenth-century European states rested on no less ideal a basis; it just so happened that the postgraduate social ideology driving it was less explicit than the online doctrines of the employee review twentieth century. For one thing, most liberal European societies were illiberal insofar as they believed in the legitimacy of imperialism, that is, the right of one nation to rule over other nations without regard for the wishes of the ruled.

The justifications for imperialism varied from nation to published thesis nation, from on classroom a crude belief in the legitimacy of force, particularly when applied to non-Europeans, to the White Man's Burden and Europe's Christianizing mission, to thesis the desire to give people of color access to the culture of Rabelais and Moliere. But whatever the particular ideological basis, every developed country believed in the acceptability of higher civilizations ruling lower ones - including, incidentally, the United States with regard to the Philippines. This led to a drive for pure territorial aggrandizement in the latter half of the century and played no small role in causing the Great War. The radical and narrative deformed outgrowth of nineteenth-century imperialism was German fascism, an published online, ideology which justified Germany's right not only to postgraduate social rule over non-European peoples, but over online, all non-German ones. But in retrospect it seems that Hitler represented a diseased bypath in the general course of European development, and since his fiery defeat, the legitimacy of First Part of my any kind of online territorial aggrandizement has been thoroughly discredited.[17] Since the Second World War, European nationalism has been defanged and shorn of any real relevance to foreign policy, with the consequence that the nineteenth-century model of great power behavior has become a serious anachronism. The most extreme form of nationalism that any Western European state has mustered since 1945 has been Gaullism, whose self-assertion has been confined largely to the realm of nuisance politics and culture. International life for the part of the world that has reached the end of history is far more preoccupied with economics than with politics or strategy. The developed states of the West do maintain defense establishments and in the postwar period have competed vigorously for First of my Project influence to meet a worldwide communist threat.

This behavior has been driven, however, by an external threat from states that possess overtly expansionist ideologies, and would not exist in their absence. To take the neo-realist theory seriously, one would have to believe that natural competitive behavior would reassert itself among the OECD states were Russia and China to disappear from the face of the earth. That is, West Germany and France would arm themselves against each other as they did in the 193Os, Australia and New Zealand would send military advisers to block each others' advances in Africa, and the U.S.-Canadian border would become fortified. Such a prospect is, of published thesis online course, ludicrous: minus Marxist-Leninist ideology, we are far more likely to see the Common Marketization of world politics than the disintegration of the narrative essay chronological EEC into nineteenth-century competitiveness. Indeed, as our experiences in published thesis, dealing with Europe on matters such as terrorism or Libya prove, they are much further gone than we down the road that denies the legitimacy of the use of First Part force in international politics, even in published, self-defense. The automatic assumption that Russia shorn of motivation project its expansionist communist ideology should pick up where the czars left off just prior to the Bolshevik Revolution is therefore a curious one. It assumes that the evolution of human consciousness has stood still in the meantime, and that the Soviets, while picking up currently fashionable ideas in the realm of economics, will return to foreign policy views a century out of date in the rest of published thesis online Europe. First Part! This is online certainly not what happened to China after it began its reform process. Chinese competitiveness and expansionism on project review, the world scene have virtually disappeared: Beijing no longer sponsors Maoist insurgencies or tries to cultivate influence in distant African countries as it did in the 1960s.

This is not to say that there are not troublesome aspects to contemporary Chinese foreign policy, such as the reckless sale of ballistic missile technology in the Middle East; and the PRC continues to published manifest traditional great power behavior in its sponsorship of the essay chronological Khmer Rouge against Vietnam. But the former is explained by published thesis online, commercial motives and the latter is a vestige of robotics earlier ideologically-based rivalries. The new China far more resembles Gaullist France than pre-World War I Germany. The real question for the future, however, is the degree to which Soviet elites have assimilated the published online consciousness of the watermelon universal homogenous state that is post-Hitler Europe. From their writings and from my own personal contacts with them, there is no question in my mind that the liberal Soviet intelligentsia rallying around Gorbachev have arrived at the end-of-history view in a remarkably short time, due in no small measure to the contacts they have had since the Brezhnev era with the larger European civilization around them. Published Online! New political thinking, the general rubric for their views, describes a world dominated by economic concerns, in which there are no ideological grounds for major conflict between nations, and in employee motivation of literature, which, consequently, the use of military force becomes less legitimate.

As Foreign Minister Shevardnadze put it in mid-1988: The struggle between two opposing systems is no longer a determining tendency of the thesis online present-day era. Paper Decorations Watermelon! At the modern stage, the ability to build up material wealth at published, an accelerated rate on the basis of front-ranking science and high-level techniques and technology, and to distribute it fairly, and through joint efforts to restore and social protect the resources necessary for mankind's survival acquires decisive importance.[18] The post-historical consciousness represented by new thinking is only one possible future for the Soviet Union, however. There has always been a very strong current of great Russian chauvinism in the Soviet Union, which has found freer expression since the advent of glasnost . It may be possible to return to traditional Marxism-Leninism for a while as a simple rallying point for thesis those who want to restore the authority that Gorbachev has dissipated. But as in Poland, Marxism-Leninism is dead as a mobilizing ideology: under its banner people cannot be made to work harder, and essay on classroom environment its adherents have lost confidence in thesis online, themselves. Unlike the propagators of traditional Marxism-Leninism, however, ultranationalists in the USSR believe in their Slavophile cause passionately, and one gets the sense that the fascist alternative is term paper robotics not one that has played itself out entirely there. The Soviet Union, then, is at thesis, a fork in the road: it can start down the path that was staked out by term, Western Europe forty-five years ago, a path that most of Asia has followed, or it can realize its own uniqueness and remain stuck in history.

The choice it makes will be highly important for published us, given the Soviet Union's size and military strength, for that power will continue to preoccupy us and slow our realization that we have already emerged on the other side of history. THE PASSING of Marxism-Leninism first from China and then from the Soviet Union will mean its death as a living ideology of world historical significance. Postgraduate Social Work Courses! For while there may be some isolated true believers left in places like Managua, Pyongyang, or Cambridge, Massachusetts, the fact that there is not a single large state in thesis, which it is narrative order a going concern undermines completely its pretensions to being in the vanguard of human history. Published Online! And the death of this ideology means the growing Common Marketization of international relations, and the diminution of the likelihood of large-scale conflict between states. This does not by any means imply the end of international conflict per se. For the world at that point would be divided between a part that was historical and a part that was post-historical. Conflict between states still in history, and between those states and those at the end of history, would still be possible.

There would still be a high and perhaps rising level of ethnic and nationalist violence, since those are impulses incompletely played out, even in parts of the paper party decorations watermelon post-historical world. Palestinians and Kurds, Sikhs and Tamils, Irish Catholics and Walloons, Armenians and Azeris, will continue to published online have their unresolved grievances. This implies that terrorism and wars of national liberation will continue to be an important item on watermelon, the international agenda. Thesis! But large-scale conflict must involve large states still caught in the grip of history, and they are what appear to be passing from the employee motivation project review of literature scene. The end of history will be a very sad time. Published Thesis! The struggle for decorations watermelon recognition, the willingness to risk one's life for a purely abstract goal, the worldwide ideological struggle that called forth daring, courage, imagination, and idealism, will be replaced by economic calculation, the endless solving of technical problems, environmental concerns, and the satisfaction of sophisticated consumer demands. In the post-historical period there will be neither art nor philosophy, just the perpetual caretaking of the published thesis online museum of human history.

I can feel in myself, and essay environment see in others around me, a powerful nostalgia for the time when history existed. Such nostalgia, in thesis online, fact, will continue to fuel competition and conflict even in the post-historical world for some time to come. Even though I recognize its inevitability, I have the most ambivalent feelings for the civilization that has been created in Europe since 1945, with its north Atlantic and employee motivation project review Asian offshoots. Perhaps this very prospect of centuries of online boredom at robotics, the end of online history will serve to get history started once again. 1. Kojeve's best known work is his Introduction a la lecture de Hegel (Paris: Editions Gallimard, 1947), which is a transcript of the Ecole Practique lectures from the 1930's. This book is available in English entitled Introduction to the Reading of Hegel arranged by Raymond Queneau, edited by Allan Bloom, and paper party decorations watermelon translated by James Nichols (New York: Basic Books, 1969). (back to text) 2. In this respect Kojeve stands in sharp contrast to published online contemporary German interpreters of Hegel like Herbert Marcuse who, being more sympathetic to Marx, regarded Hegel ultimately as an historically bound and incomplete philosopher. (back to text) 3. Kojeve alternatively identified the end of history with the postwar American way of life, toward which he thought the Soviet Union was moving as well. (back to text) 4. This notion was expressed in the famous aphorism from the preface to the Philosophy of History to essay environment the effect that everything that is online rational is real, and everything that is real is rational. (back to text)

5. Indeed, for Hegel the very dichotomy between the ideal and material worlds was itself only an apparent one that was ultimately overcome by the self-conscious subject; in his system, the material world is itself only an aspect of mind. (back to text) 6. In fact, modern economists, recognizing that man does not always behave as a profit -maximizer, posit a utility function, utility being either income or some other good that can be maximized: leisure, sexual satisfaction, or the pleasure of philosophizing. That profit must be replaced with a value like utility indicates the on classroom cogency of the idealist perspective. Online! (back to text) 7. One need look no further than the recent performance of employee motivation project of literature Vietnamese immigrants in the U.S. school system when compared to their black of online Hispanic classmates to motivation review realize that culture and consciousness are absolutely crucial to explain not only economic behavior but virtually every other important aspect of life as well. (back to text) 8. I understand that a full explanation of the origins of the reform movements in China and Russia is a good deal more complicated than this simple formula would suggest. The Soviet reform, for example, was motivated in good measure by Moscow's sense of insecurity in thesis, the technological-military realm. Nonetheless, neither country ion the eve of its reforms was in such a state of material crisis that one could have predicted the surprising reform paths ultimately taken. (back to text) 9. It is still not clear whether the Soviet people are as Protestant as Gorbachev and robotics will follow him down that path. (back to text) 10. The internal politics of the Byzantine Empire at online, the time of Justinian revolved around a conflict between the so-called monophysites and monothelites, who believed that the unity of the Holy Trinity was alternatively one of nature or of will. This conflict corresponded to employee review of literature some extent to one between proponents of different racing teams in the Hippodrome in Byzantium and led to a not insignificant level of political violence.

Modern historians would tend to seek the roots of published such conflicts in antagonisms between social classes or some other modern economic category, being unwilling to believe that men would kill each other over the nature of the Trinity. Essay Environment! (back to text) 11. I am not using the term fascism here in its most precise sense, fully aware of the frequent misuse of this term to denounce anyone to the right of the thesis user. Fascism here denotes nay organized ultra nationalist movement with universalistic pretensions - not universalistic with regard to its nationalism, of course, since the watermelon latter is thesis exclusive by definition, but with regard to the movement's belief in its right to rule other people. Hence Imperial Japan would qualify as fascist while former strongman Stoessner's Paraguay or Pinochet's Chile would not.

Obviously fascist ideologies cannot be universalistic in the sense of Marxism or liberalism, but the structure of the doctrine can be transferred from country to country. (back to narrative order text) 12. I use the example of published online Japan with some caution, since Kojeve late in his life came to conclude that Japan, with its culture based on motivation project review, purely formal arts, proved that the universal homogenous state was not victorious and that history had perhaps not ended. See the long note at the end of the second edition of thesis online Introduction a la Lecture de Hegel , 462-3. Narrative Order! (back to text) 13.

This is not true in Poland and Hungary, however, whose Communist parties have taken moves toward true power sharing and pluralism. (back to online text) 14. This is particularly true of the leading Soviet conservative, former Second Secretary Yegor Ligachev, who has publicly recognized many of the deep defects of the Brezhnev period. Essay On Classroom! (back to text) 15. I am thinking particularly of Rousseau and the Western philosophical tradition that flows from published thesis him that was highly critical of Lockean or Hobbesian liberalism, though one could criticize liberalism from the standpoint of classical political philosophy as well. (back to text) 16. See his article, Beyond the paper Cold War, New Republic, December 19, 1988. (back to text) 17. It took European colonial powers like France several years after the war to admit the illegitimacy of published thesis their empires, but decolonialization was an inevitable consequence of the Allied victory which had been based on the promise of a restoration of democratic freedoms. (back to text)

18. Vestnik Ministerstva Inostrannikh Del SSSR no. 15 (August 1988), 27-46. New thinking does of course serve a propagandistic purpose in persuading Western audiences of Soviet good intentions. But the fact that it is good propaganda does not mean that is formulators do not take many of its ideas seriously. (back to text)

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Essay: Health and safety in published thesis online, the workplace. Accidents and mishaps are unforeseen circumstances that can affect individuals and groups at any time and in any place. Most accidents are preventable, but the carelessness or negligence of the involved individuals leads to major injuries and grievances. Accidents can also occur in environment, the workplace and seriously affect the ability and health of the involved workers. The objectives of this essay to discuss the safety and wellbeing of all workers are necessary for the organization not only for consistent productivity but also due to online regulatory requirements. Workers and human resources are the necessary components of all organizations due to their role in the effective accomplishment of objectives. Corporations cannot achieve long-term success and sustainable growth in the absence of motivated, safe, healthy, and effective workers.

The health and safety of all workers are necessary to ensure the enhancement of paper party watermelon, productivity and efficiency at all levels and areas. Online. Lack of Part of my Report, safety measures can create havoc for the organization and thesis, negatively affect the First of my Project, working criterion of an organization. The management has to published thesis devise and implement effective safety procedures to reduce hazards and prevent accidents in the workplace. The can motivate the employees through this perspective as employees admire working in organizations that prefer safe working conditions. Employees believe that safer working conditions enhance their ability work because they do not feel scared in troublesome situations. The management should coordinate with all the related stakeholders when they devise policies about social work courses safety at workplace, as this would enhance a positive change in an organization.

Different legislations also depict that organizations should focus on online, these perspectives and they should attain self-sufficiency in providing workplace safety. Corporations in the current era focus on the development of employees and they believed in the ideology of benefiting employees through different approaches. Safety at the work force is an important aspect that many organizations of today’s world disregard. Many people face mishaps and accidents in various situations especially due to negligence, recklessness, and carelessness. Many accidents and serious injuries are avoidable and preventable by taking effective safety measures and reducing hazards. For example, drivers and passengers can avoid serious injuries and death by wearing seatbelts while traveling in cars. However, many people fail to realize the importance of seatbelts and face a variety of consequences in the event of an accident. Mishaps and accidents are unforeseen occurrences that can lead to essay on classroom several adverse consequences in the absence of effective safety measures and precautions. Accidents, disasters, and mishaps can also occur in the workplace and affect several employees in the absence of precautions and safety procedures. Certain mediocre organizations do not regard this aspect as important and they do not focus on safety at the workplace.

The owners and management of the organization need to implement rules, regulations, procedures, and published, systems relevant to safety and health. The management also needs to ensure that all workers have ample knowledge and information regarding safety procedures, prevention of First Part Project, accidents, and safe working practices. Human resources are one of the most important assets of the organization with respect to success and growth. The success and growth of the organization depend on the effectiveness and efficiency of the human resources. However, the inefficiencies in human resources caused by any circumstances, occurrences, and online, events can hinder the accomplishments of the organization. Organizations take all necessary measures to ensure the productivity of all workers and employees to essay on classroom environment maximize profits and achieve organizational objectives (Blair, 2013). The wellbeing, safety, and health of all employees are among the highest priorities of all organizations. Organizations cannot take risk for thesis their respective employees because an occurrence of a negative event would tarnish the credibility of an organization. Safe and essay, healthy workers are more productive as compared to injured or sick employees.

Employees that cannot work in safe conditions feel suffocated because of the risks associated with their respective work. Risks and hazards associated with a specific job or organization adversely affect the morale and motivation level of employees. The unsafe or hazardous working conditions have several long-term psychological and physiological consequences for the workers and the organizations. Online. When a negative event occurs in an organization, it sets up the mindset of an employee. Employees would feel that this event would occur again and this would create hurdles in their effective working process. Organizations need to employee project of literature create a safe and healthy working environment for all workers to ensure high levels of motivation and online, enhancement in efficiency (Stricoff Groover, 2012). Safety at Workplace. Workplace safety refers to the prevention of illness, injury, and hazards in the workplace for all employees. Workplace safety involves the creation of a safe and postgraduate, healthy environment for all workers to online evade hazards, injuries, and illnesses. Organizations can ensure the efficiency of all workers and circumvent a considerable amount of costs by ensuring workplace safety and health. Organizations develop different strategies through which they set up different work place safety policies and benefit the workers through this.

Workplace injuries and illnesses lead to compensation benefits, health insurance costs, hiring temporary replacements, lost work hours, and lawsuits. Lack of concentration would cost severe damage to an organization and they should sort such issues in First Part Report, order to attain proactive benefits. Thesis Online. Business can save a considerable amount of costs by creating and maintaining a safe and paper party, healthy environment for all workers. Thesis Online. Safeguarding the interests and wellbeing of the employees allows organizations to circumvent costs relevant to injuries and illnesses (Legg, Laird, Olsen, Hasle, 2014). On the other hand, workplace safety instills a sense of commitment and dedication among the employees due to the safety assurance of the organization. On Classroom Environment. The morale and motivation of the workers increase due to the implementation of rules that safeguard the health and interest of the employees. Employees feel that they are safe to work in this place, and through this perspective, they would perform well. Purpose of Workplace safety. The primary objective of published thesis online, safety in employee project of literature, the workplace is to create a safe, healthy, and risk-free environment for all workers. Workplace safety involves the evaluation, analysis, prevention, and elimination of hazardous and dangerous elements from the workplace. Workplace safety programs evaluate and remove the risks and hazards relevant to the safety, well-being, and health of workers and thesis online, other relevant individuals.

Organizations develop health and safety standards due to several reasons including laws, regulatory requirements, organizational policies, and paper, historical occurrences. Certain industries and their associations bind organizations to work for the benefit of their employees and they force organizations to published thesis online focus on different safety related perspectives. Postgraduate. Workplace injuries and published thesis online, illnesses caused by working conditions or environment can lead to paper lawsuits, high costs, and deterioration of the corporate image. There are instances when employees at published thesis online, times die because of sever working conditions. Employees might got injured because of certain safety and the lack of safety would be the only probable reason of this. Enhanced safety measures and appropriate quality of paper robotics, these measures can reduce this perspective to a considerable level. Safety at the workplace enables organizations to comply with regulatory requirements and prevent high costs resulting from injuries and illnesses. Several corporations can consider the fact that these safety measures would save their health and medicinal costs that would arise when an employees would hurt him. They should take proactive measures earlier through which people can benefit from published online these perspectives. Motivation Project Of Literature. The management can maintain high levels of productivity and efficiency by creating a safe and healthy working environment.

Conversely, the employees work with dedication due to their perceptions regarding the commitment of the organization with respect to the wellbeing of the workers. Importance of safety at workplace. Legislative and legal requirements are the most prominent cause of health and safety policies in published, most organizations. The Occupational and Safety Health Act is the primary law for the assurance of health and safety of all workers throughout the United States. Courses. The Occupational and published online, Safety Health Act (OSHA) necessitates the dissemination of standards, rules, and regulations relevant to the safety and Project, health of workers. Published Online. The government establishes and enforces the standards for the safety and health of all workers and postgraduate, their families through the Act. All public and private organizations have to comply with the thesis, rules, regulations, and standards prescribed in OSHA (Jung Makowsky, 2014).

They would face legal complications if they do not comply with such policies and measures taken by the decision makers. Paper. However, many organizations develop and implement health and safety procedures to safeguard their interests relevant to organizational objectives rather than legal requirements. Published Thesis Online. The financial and moral aspects of workers’ health and safety have a greater influence as compared to regulatory compliance. Corporations can save considerable costs by avoiding high insurance expenses, lawsuits, and employee replacement costs in the event of injuries and illnesses (Barling Frone, 2003). Manpower and Management. The primary objective of all managers is to enhance and promote productivity and efficiency in all areas and functions. However, the managers cannot uphold efficiency and effectiveness in the absence of a safe workplace.

The managers need to create a safe working environment and increase the awareness and essay on classroom, knowledge of all employees with respect to safe working practices. The employees and workers also need to understand the importance of workplace safety and reduce personal injury through attentiveness and removal of online, hazards. These safety hazards are negative for the effectiveness of organizations and create a long-term negative impact. The attitude of the employees, management, and employers plays a vital role in preventing accidents and creating a safe working environment. The negligence on the part of the employers and employees can cause a variety of hazards and accidents (Rahim, Ng, Biggs, Boots, 2014). However, the courses, diligence and published, commitment of all stakeholders regarding safe work practices leads to the prevention of major accidents and employee project of literature, injuries. The employees and management can create a safe workplace through a shared responsibility model for workplace safety and published thesis online, cooperation. Organizations should own this perspective and they should realize the fact that it is their managerial responsibility to focus on employee motivation project of literature, this perspective so that employees can remain safe.

Conclusively, a safety plan is published thesis necessary and it comprises of certain steps that would develop a safer workplace. Organizations should make sure that everyone else in narrative essay chronological, the workplace is aware of the core problem. People should notify their respective supervisors and they should file any reports if there is published thesis a problem. An important aspect is that people should realize that there is a problem as sitting back and holding the problem for a long time would not solve the problem. Barling, J., Frone, M. (2003). The Psychology of Workplace Safety. New Jersey: Amer Psychological Assn. Blair, E. H. (2013). Building safety culture. Professional Safety , 58 (11), 59-65. Cobb, E. (2013).

Bullying, Violence, Harassment, Discrimination and Stress: Emerging Workplace Health and Safety Issues. New Jersey: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. Jung, J., Makowsky, M. D. (2014). The determinants of federal and state enforcement of workplace safety regulations: OSHA inspections 1990’2010. Journal of Regulatory Economics , 45 (1), 1-33. Legg, S., Laird, I., Olsen, K., Hasle, P. (2014). Creating healthy work in small enterprises – from understanding to action: Summary of postgraduate social, current knowledge.

Small Enterprise Research , 21 (2), 139-147. Mathis, T., Galloway, S. (2013). Steps to Safety Culture Excellence. New Jersey: Wiley. Rahim, A. N., Ng, H. Published. K., Biggs, D., Boots, K. (2014). Perceptions of safety, physical working conditions and stress between Malaysia and United Kingdom. International Journal of Business Society , 15 (2), 321-338. Stricoff, R., Groover, D. (2012). The Manager’s Guide to Workplace Safety. Postgraduate. New York : Safety in Action Press.

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