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Email Cover Letter - Best Job Interview
Apple Apple Genius Interview Questions. Specialist (928) Mac Specialist (Apple Store) (295) Apple At Home Advisor (275) Software Engineer (216) Apple Retail Specialist (184) Sales Specialist (119) Applecare At Home Advisor (101) Family Room Specialist (92) Intern (89) Apple Genius (72) Genius (65) Hardware Engineer (65) Product Design Engineer (64) Mac Genius (52) Red Zone Specialist (49) Senior Software Engineer (48) At Home Advisor (48) Creative (Apple Store) (47) At-Home Advisor (42) Business Specialist (38) Manager (37) Global Supply Manager (35) Sales (34) Technical Specialist (32) Project Manager (31) Creative (31) Apple Store Leader Program (31) Engineer (29) Service Specialist (29) Engineering (28) MoreLess. Your trust is our top concern, so companies can't alter or remove reviews. I applied online. I interviewed at email, Apple (Irvine, CA (US)) in September 2017. I was provided a group interview with about essay, five other people. They passed around an email covering letter, ipad which randomly generated questions. We were to read out the question, then provide our answer.
Occasionally, they asked the entire group a question away from the ipad. Interviewers were friendly and the interview was casual. They focus not on what you answer, but how you answer. The main test is in the confidence and personal skills you have when interacting with others. Scout Character Essay! Name a time you had to solve the same issue twice, where the first time you failed. 1 Answer What is your favorite apple product and why? 1 Answer. Other Interview Reviews for Apple.
I applied online. Covering For Resume! The process took 2 weeks. I interviewed at Apple (Cerritos, CA (US)) in August 2017. Record And Thesis Work! This is for ROUND TWO of the Genius interview process: Tell me about email, a time you failed and what you did to overcome it. 1 Answer Describe a time you went out of your way to accommodate a difficult customer. 1 Answer. I applied online.
I interviewed at Apple (New York, NY (US)) in July 2017. There will be three round of berklee essay, Interviews. First one will be in a group consisting anywhere from email for resume 15-35 people. They will ask questions about you but focus will be on the customer satisfaction questions. Describe a situation when you had to deal with an angry customer. Answer Question Describe a time when you went beyond usual to help satisfy a customer. Answer Question.
I applied online, sent in a resume, and filled out the covering, applications. After about a month of extended, waiting, I never received any phone call but I received an email saying i was denied. Why do you want to work for Apple? 2 Answers. Is this helpful? The community relies on everyone sharing Add Anonymous Interview Review. I applied online. Email Letter For Resume! The process took 5 days. I interviewed at Apple (Memphis, TN (US)) in berklee essay April 2017. Letter! I updated my Apple resume and applied to several AppleCare At Home positions.
Two weeks later I received an invitation to a small 5 person group interview. After passing through that, I received a call for a phone interview with another manager the next day. The third interview was an in person store meeting with the uc essay prompt, store manager where we discussed the email covering letter for resume, company culture. The last interview was with the district or regional manager over essay, the phone. Why Apple? 4 Answers Have you heard of benevity? 1 Answer. Covering For Resume! I applied through an record and thesis, employee referral. I interviewed at Apple in April 2017. I had a friend who is a manager submit my resume through an official recommendation channel.
I skipped the hiring event and went straight to covering for resume and interview with the store manager over facetime. over a month after that I got a call about scout character analysis, my final interview with the letter for resume, market leader. Both interviews were super relaxed and the market leader directly said it was more of essay, a meet and greet than an interview. Email Covering Letter For Resume! Because of the back channel recommendation, I had trouble getting my resume to essay show up on for resume, apple jobs, but the manager helped me complete the essay, process. Tell me about yourself in letter 2 minutes 1 Answer. I applied online. The process took 7 weeks. I interviewed at Apple (Stamford, CT (US)) in uc essay prompt November 2016. I applied in October of 2016, and heard back the next day to attend one of their Virtual Information Sessions, which basically is an online presentation on covering letter for resume, the company, what positions are available, etc. Immediately following that, our recruiter told us if we were interested just to email her with some basic info and then we#039;d set up a phone interview. The phone interview was at the end of extended essay, that week, which was pretty easy.
I pretty much got a guarantee for email covering a one on one at the end of the phone interview. Why Apple? 2 Answers Tell me about a time that you didn#039;t succeed at something and finch character essay, how did you handle it. Email Letter For Resume! Answer Question What#039;s your favorite Apple product? Answer Question Where do you see yourself in 5 years? Answer Question What are your strengths/weaknesses? Answer Question. I applied through a recruiter. The process took 3 weeks. I interviewed at Apple. You submit your application and apply for the position on the careers website.
After that you either receive an email asking you to go to a group hiring event, or you receive an email from a recruiter like I did asking you to interview with a specific location. Berklee Essay! I had the phone interview with HR followed by a meeting with the store manager and then a meeting with the district manager. Why apple? What skills do you have that make you right for the job? Do you have any technical skills? Answer Question. Be prepared to email letter be patient.. the interview took three weeks all together and that was considered fast. Berklee Essay! Other people had to email letter for resume wait months. I applied through other source. The process took 5+ weeks.
I interviewed at record work, Apple (New York, NY (US)) in October 2016. I grew up in letter for resume Wilmington, NC, USA. Scientific Explanation Essay! I was looking for something to allow me to leave my hometown. I had decided applying at apple could get me out. Tell us about yourself. 2 Answers What was the most stressful work experience you#039;ve had.
1 Answer Have any questions for us? 1 Answer. I was told specifically that they don#039;t negotiate pay, but they pay I asked for was given to me. So I think that because I knew in the right range to ask for email covering for resume allowed me to get the berklee essay, highest possible starting rate. I applied online. Covering For Resume! The process took 2 weeks. I interviewed at Apple (Columbus, OH (US)) in explanation September 2016. After some e-mail correspondence and an eventual phone interview. I was invited to attend one of their infamous hiring events. This was the farthest I#039;d ever gotten in their hiring process so I thought I had a decent chance this time.
I was also one of the best dressed at the event so I thought I was a shoe in. Name one time you had to email covering solve a problem that no one else could. 1 Answer. There’s a place here for every kind of brilliant. Everyone here is an innovator, or an innovator-to-be, no matter what your team or your. #32; More. This is the employer's chance to tell you why you should work for them. The information provided is from their perspective. Job Seekers Also Viewed Previous Next. Top Interview Questions Previous Next. Would you like us to extended essay review something?
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LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of preparing for email letter and executing the “A” essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to bar as well as law school exams. Prompt! Unique, proven systems are put in place for email covering for resume (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in concise paragraphs (roughly one per issue), briefing cases in 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. Extended Essay Ib Survival! And much more. A law student learns—finally—to learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of a [practicing] lawyer.
I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the law, but still felt totally unprepared for upcoming exams. Email! This program was exactly what I needed Ђ” the tools to explanation essay confidently tackle exams in a methodical way. — Jan Court, Univ Texas '00. Just knowing you have a plan Ђ” i.e., the email covering letter for resume steps Ђ” keeps you from worrying about panic. Ђ” Rob Goldbaum, U. Chicago '92.
3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the scout finch analysis essay LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.] 1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by a LEEWS grad) and Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in most law school courses will depend upon performance on a final exam, most if not all of for resume which is essay in nature. (You are basically asked to identify and analyze so-called issues generated in a hypothetical [made up] and usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in length, and either closed or open book. The former means you bring nothing into the exam with you (save the code in a course based on a code of rules [e.g., IRS Code in taxation, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure in civil procedure]). Normally open book allows you to bring in class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to of course and thesis work reassure students. However, open book is misleading, as there is typically little time to refer to aids. Open or closed book, the letter for resume law you need to know should be in your head. Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and limits as to how much you can write or type. Grading is invariably anonymous to protect professors and students alike. Unlike college and graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the professor, even midsemester (as opposed to midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on law school grades.
Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the grading policies and practices of individual professors. There follow three examples of essay hypotheticals selected from among the eight in the appendix of the berklee essay LEEWS Primer. Following are models of the LEEWS approach to letter breaking fact patterns down into units corresponding to relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to our format of concise paragraphs, roughly one per explanation issue [Writing Phase]. The law needed to address each hypo is provided, as the subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to you. You may want to attempt a response before looking at the models. Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC. I.e., identify the Issue, state the covering for resume applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an issue is, much less how to identify all issues lurking in the fact pattern; you don't know how to analyze as a lawyer; and scientific, you don't know how to present analysis concisely.)
Whether you are familiar with the email letter three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in nature. A typically complex and confusing fact pattern is followed by scientific question(s)/instruction(s) that in effect require you to identify or spot the legal issues that would be of interest to a judge or lawyer. You must then resolve those issues, bringing to bear relevant law and the analytic dialectic between law and email letter for resume, facts known as lawyerlike thinking. Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for taking such exams (possessed by only a small handful of uc essay prompt students -- 5-7%, even at Harvard), you are probably correct. Which is why so few law students manage even a single A on final exams.
But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and diligence can produce such responses consistently. Showing you how is what LEEWS is all about -- for any exam in any subject, no matter the question(s)/instruction(s) posed by the professor. Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.) Coris Becker, an occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at the Only For Us Racquet Club in letter for resume Long Island City, Queens County, New York. As she explained to her husband moments later by phone: Not the most graceful move in the world, Morris. I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker.
Be a dear and bring home din-din. I'm going to be in the hot tub for hours. As she limped out to record and thesis work her Lexus, Coris ran into the club owner, Jett Setter. Email Covering Letter! He grinned and scout character essay, remarked, I saw that spill, Coris. Not the most graceful move in the world. Covering Letter For Resume! At which point Coris determined to finch analysis essay sue Setter personally, as well as the club. Although a resident of Queens County, Coris, joined by her mother, Doris, a resident of Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in New York County, seeking damages for Coris' injury and the destruction of the tennis racquet. Thereupon followed, inter alia , the following events and motions: 1 Ђ” OFU, Inc. and for resume, Setter moved for a change of venue to Queens County.
2 Ђ” Attempts to serve Setter personally at his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the summons and complaint was affixed to berklee essay the door of his home. Another was mailed to him. [So-called nail and mail service.] 3 Ђ” Although the complaint affixed to his door separated from the summons and blew away, and covering letter, the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by his attorney, appeared in the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and otherwise defended against the action. Only later during an appeal did he assert lack of personal jurisdiction as a defense. 4 Ђ” OFU, Inc. Record And Thesis Work! served notice of the deposition of a person who, while standing in the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband. Coris moved for a protective order forbidding disclosure of letter anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 Ђ” OFU, Inc. requested an admission from Doris that Coris has a tendency to negligent behavior. Doris ignored it. 6 Ђ” Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of action for extended ib survival destruction of the racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on the same ground in small claims court, Manhattan.
You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and letter for resume, appellate judges assigned to this case. Prepare a memorandum of law respecting the uc essay issues raised in the above. Majority state law applies. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in your head as well as your course outline.
Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.) Discovery (scope of) Ђ” Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is relevant to the subject matter of the action is discoverable, whether or not the material would be admissible as proof. Communications between spouses Ђ” A confidential communication between husband and wife is covering, privileged against disclosure by either spouse or by a third person (e.g., an eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction Ђ” Generally, in order to essay on wildlife determine the rights and duties of parties to an action, and to bind the parties personally to its determinations, a court must have in personam jurisdiction over email letter, said parties. Essay On Wildlife! Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is present in email the state where an action is brought, and personally served with process. Where personal service on scout finch character essay, a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is entitled to substitute such service by letter for resume affixing a copy of the summons and complaint to the door or other conspicuous place at the defendant's last known address, and scientific essay, also mailing a copy of same by regular mail to covering letter for resume said address (so-called nail and mail).
A court has held that three attempts at in hand service at finch essay, a defendant's place of email covering letter business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the berklee essay summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Waiver of Ђ” Where a defendant appears, answers the complaint, interposes defenses, and at no time during or after trial moves to dismiss based on, nor claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the email covering letter for resume defense will be deemed waived on appeal. Requests for admission Ђ” A request for admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of scientific facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at letter for resume, trial. The party served normally has 30 days to respond. Failure to timely respond results in the matter being deemed admitted. Inter alia , it is permissible to request that a party admit to essay a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the party was traveling against covering letter, traffic on a one-way street). However, it is not proper to extended essay request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to email covering letter drive is negligent, per se). Res Judicata Ђ” Doctrine that for reasons of economy, prevention of harassment, and scout finch character, avoidance of inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the email letter relitigation of claims and issues is generally prohibited. Claim preclusion Ђ” Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of of course and thesis work action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of email covering action in a subsequent suit.
Venue Ђ” Refers to essay the proper place for trial of a lawsuit. The purpose of venue rules is to prevent a plaintiff from for resume forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and defend (policy!). Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the transaction which is the uc essay prompt subject of the action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in the county where the email for resume action arose. MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL. (1/4 - 1/3 of allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals) Preliminary Overview Ђ” Six distinct events/motions.
Perform Steps One, Two, and Three (The Blender) on each is my initial perspective on how to proceed. [Always the Steps, always the Steps Ђ” a constant way of extended essay ib survival thinking.] Step One Ђ” [Conflict pairings and email covering letter for resume, party objective(s) for each of the six events/motions.] The conflict pairings for all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to obtain damages on one side and to avoid liability on the other. However, given that this is berklee essay, a civil procedure exam, the objectives that count for email covering letter purposes of generating premises are intermediate in nature.
In the larger (intermediate) sense they are to berklee essay keep the litigation going versus termination on email covering, a procedural ground. More immediate to the six events/motions:] 1 = Change venue to Queens County vs. keep it in Manhattan County. 2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. Berklee Essay! not. 3 = Have lack of personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. Email For Resume! exists and viable. 4 = Preclude disclosure of overheard conversation vs. have it ruled discoverable. 5 = Have fact admitted vs. Essay! not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in small claims court vs. dismissed. [My view at email covering for resume, this point is that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and will be relatively straightforward of analysis.
Therefore, the time to be allotted each will be roughly the same. As it would interrupt continuity of train of thought and be time wasting to continue applying the Steps to all six, from ib survival this point on I shall work on covering, each question to completion before going on to the next .] Step Two Ђ” [Consider each pairing, party, and objective. Cull facts (and course outline) for relevant premises.] 1 = Venue of transitory action is overriding , (i.e., governs the determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is considered. See definition of Step Two and footnote, page 104.) 2 = Nail and mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on to No.3; . Berklee Essay! . . No.4; . Email Covering! . . 5; . Extended Essay! . . 6.] 3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for waiver thereof overrides.
4 = Rule re discovery of spousal communication overrides. 5 = Requests for admission, and failure to respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override. Step Three Ђ” [Consider each premise to note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to be but one or two premises to covering letter for resume be considered for each event/motion, and since I am working on each exclusive of the others, Step Three is unnecessary as an independent exercise. It is part and parcel of inspecting the law giving rise to the premise under consideration to prompt determine whether it is necessary to state all of the covering letter for resume law to begin the prompt help first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on as pivotal.] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion Ђ” No overlap of discussion apparent. Letter For Resume! No reason apparent not to proceed in the chronology given. [When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it.
The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and probably confusing to mention conflict pairings here. However, I am thinking of and guided by them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in the county where the action arose. Transitory has been defined to mean that the transaction that is the subject of the action could have occurred anywhere. Coris' fall and the destruction of the racquet could have occurred anywhere. [Concludes statement of extended ib survival relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and Jett Setter all reside in Queens County. The residence in New York County of Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is minor, is the only apparent reason for trying the action in letter for resume New York County. It is hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of law to relevant facts.] Conclusion : The motion should be granted. [No hedging, as this seems open and shut.] So-called nail and mail service will satisfy the requirements of personal jurisdiction only where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the scientific explanation defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the covering requirements of due diligence. Plaintiffs made no attempt to scientific explanation essay serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at his place of business. [Analysis.]
Conclusion: The attempted nail and mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for for resume lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in an action, answers the complaint, and berklee essay, interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction, nor at any time claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense of lack of personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon the taking of an email for resume, appeal. [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served. Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the complaint, defended in the action, and at berklee essay, no time prior to appeal claimed lack of personal jurisdiction. Arguably, raising the claim on appeal is after trial. However, waived upon the taking of an appeal clearly indicates that the time for raising the email covering claim would be deemed tolled. [Analysis.] Conclusion : Setter's defense of ib survival lack of email letter personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and is relevant to the subject matter of the action is help, discoverable, even if not admissible as proof. Confidential communications between husband and wife are privileged from disclosure by either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an eavesdropper). Email Covering! [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an indication of Coris' truthfulness. Confidential normally implies private or secret. Extended! [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential.
Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to sue, her statement in email letter for resume the context of remarks about dinner and a hot tub seems merely casual. [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. The conversation with the husband was not confidential, and therefore not privileged. A request for an admission imposes a duty on uc essay, the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. Covering Letter For Resume! However, inter alia, it is record of course, not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se). The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in some doubt, and that may be necessary to prove at trial. Moreover, in that negligence is a legal conclusion, the statement would appear to be an abstract statement of law.
Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the request is of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of letter for resume acknowledgment. A final judgment on record of course and thesis work, the merits of a claim or cause of action generally precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in covering a subsequent suit. Doris' action in small claims court is grounded in the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and sets forth the same cause of action as the one dismissed in the primary action herein. Scout Essay! A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and a judgment on for resume, the merits. Conclusion : The action in scientific essay small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata. Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.)
The RIP Corporation, formed in 1998 by the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and Savethe, for the purpose (as duly set forth in covering for resume its bylaws and scientific explanation essay, articles of incorporation) of letter manufacturing and retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for four wheel drive and uc essay prompt, other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and went public. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and 2001 the total value of RIPCORP (as the enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to covering forty million dollars. Flush with their success and invincible in their avarice, the Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found. The brothers held the chief executive positions in the corporation, as well as a majority of seats on the board of directors. They further owned thirty percent of the outstanding shares, by far the largest voting block.
Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured. Matters began to tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of record since purchasing 100 shares at the initial offering, took umbrage at RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of uc essay prompt Southeast Asia ski resort options. In the fall of 2001 Meddle sought permission to inspect the RIPCORP minutes and covering letter, other records relating to the ski resort venture. Berklee Essay! When she refused to accede to the demand of the Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the inspection, the brothers issued a directive limiting access to the books and records to persons cleared by them, and under no circumstances to Meddle or her representative. Thereupon Meddle brought suit in email for resume her own right and on behalf of RIPCORP against the corporation and the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and records, to block the ski resort venture as an ultra vires act, and for repayment by the RIPCORP board of directors of any expenses incurred in connection with the pursuit of said venture. 1) RIPCORP moved to dismiss the action for, inter alia, lack of standing, failure to berklee essay first make a demand on the board of directors, and failure to state a cause of for resume action. Finch Analysis Essay! 2) RIPCORP moved in the alternative that the court require Meddle to letter post $25,000 security for record and thesis costs as a precondition to continued maintenance of the suit. 3) Meanwhile, the RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the directors in the event Meddle prevailed, and purchased insurance to provide for same. Covering For Resume! Meddle immediately moved to quash these actions.
How should the court decide the motions under 1, 2, and 3 above? RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts Ђ” Generally includes acts beyond the uc essay purpose or powers of the corporation, and sometimes includes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority. Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to email covering the following: 1) the right of a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the right of the attorney general of the state to essay enjoin such activities; 3) the right of the corporation to recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for letter the ultra vires act(s). Shareholder inspection rights Ђ” Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to finch character analysis inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. Letter! A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or 2) he is a holder of 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares. Shareholder rights of action Ђ” Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in his own name to enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to berklee essay procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. The latter derivative action may be maintained only letter, if 1) the scout character analysis plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought; 2) the plaintiff was a shareholder when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred; and 3) the email for resume plaintiff shows in his complaint that he has demanded that the board of extended directors commence the email for resume action, or that there are sufficient reasons for not making the demand (e.g., the of course board members are the defendants). Email For Resume! Note that in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the essay plaintiff to post security for costs, unless 1) the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the email for resume value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification Ђ” Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against a judgment obtained against him in character a direct action by the corporation, or a derivative action on email covering letter for resume, behalf of the corporation, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof.
The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to scout finch analysis indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown. MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview Ђ” The three motions referred to by the question are like three questions, each to be considered separately. [Note the enormous benefit here of skipping over the facts.] Step One Ђ” Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the motions in conjunction with the sentence that precedes them reveals the single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. Email For Resume! v. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for scout finch analysis each motion (i.e., question).
Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the sentence immediately preceding the motions reflects three ultimate objectives of Meddle. However, the objectives relevant to email covering for resume a Step One analysis and the question are implied in the three motions. Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!). Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the motions.] 1) dismiss the of course and thesis action versus keep it going; 2) $25,000 security be required to be posted, versus not; 3) board indemnification resolution and purchase of insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of same. Step Two Ђ” [RIPCORP is movant for motions 1 and 2, Meddle for 3. The motions themselves, especially the first, point to overriding premises. In that a court may dismiss all or part of a suit, each premise must be considered in light of covering letter each of Meddle's objectives set forth in the preceding sentence . The facts in the first two paragraphs need only be considered for uc essay prompt help purposes of analysis.] 1) Lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board, and failure to state a cause of for resume action respecting each of Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not.
2) [Must refer to relevant portions of uc essay corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in email toolbox only. Don't write it in your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in action against corporation post bond. 3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of directors in such a suit. Step Three Ђ” [The motions seem more or less equivalent in weight. Character Essay! Given the covering letter complexity of the relevant premises noted in Step Two, the effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the analysis to be performed in writing the actual response. Essay! Therefore, it seems advisable to email covering for resume skip Step Three and go to the writing phase .] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion Ђ” No reason apparent for scientific explanation essay not proceeding chronologically. Lack of standing/failure to state a cause of action. Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in her own name to enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation.
Inter alia, the latter derivative action can be maintained only email covering letter, if the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought and when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred. Meddle (M) is currently a shareholder, and berklee essay, has been since long before the ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of letter stockholder meetings on essay, demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at email for resume, least six months immediately preceding the demand; or she is a holder of five percent of any class of outstanding shares. M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of shares. However, she has been a stockholder of record since the initial offering, over scientific explanation, two years prior. So-called ultra vires acts Ђ” acts beyond the purposes or powers of the corporation, and sometimes acts within the purposes and powers of the covering letter for resume corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by shareholders. Moreover, the corporation may recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present and extended essay ib survival, former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to manufacture and retail accessories for off-road vehicles, the Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the appearance of an ultra vires act for which damages may be sought. Failure to first make a demand on the board.
Another requirement for maintaining a derivative action is that the plaintiff demand that the board commence the letter for resume action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the essay ib survival board members are the defendants). The Bottomline brothers are named in email letter M's suit and hold a majority of seats on the board, thereby satisfying the exception. Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in order to minimize the possibility of essay derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to letter for resume post security for costs , unless the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least five percent of any class of and thesis outstanding shares, or the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of covering one percent of the record and thesis work initial 100,000 share offering. Their value at the time of the suit would have been 1/10th of one percent of forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. However, M has been a shareholder since the very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to the Venture seems hardly without merit. [Yes, basic math may be necessary!] Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the covering letter exception, and the policy justification underlying the security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is of course work, unlikely that a court would permit the corporation to impose this financial impediment. [Note the use of the policy underpinning as a basis for a counterargument.]
Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown. [Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to begin the analysis in a new paragraph.] M's action is in covering part derivative on behalf of RIPCORP, and a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. Essay! The facts are unclear about whether the email letter resolution indemnifies against expenses of defending against the action.
Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by the directors of prompt their duty to exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of their duty to act in good faith. Email Covering Letter! However, given that RIPCORP appears to have been engaged for some time in a pattern of scout character analysis divers schemes wholly unrelated to its stated purpose, it is unlikely that a court would be willing to take judicial notice of such a conclusion so early in the proceedings. Nothing in the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of covering letter for resume indemnification insurance. Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the resolution that purports to uc essay prompt indemnify against judgments obtained on covering letter for resume, behalf of the corporation, denied as to portions that indemnify against judgments obtained by M, and denied with leave to renew at a later time with respect to all other portions. T properly executed a will in 1994, by on wildlife the terms of which he distributed his entire estate in email covering letter for resume the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to my friend, X. Second: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to finch analysis essay my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the following terms: First: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my (new) faithful companion, B. In 1999, having reconciled with Z and spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to his 1994 will, by the terms of email covering for resume which he increased the legacy to Y to $150,000; and in all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and republished the 1994 will.
T died in 2001. In a probate proceeding the evidence established the following: 1) Although sober when he made the codicil in 1999, T was drunk out of his mind when he executed the scientific 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to a syndicate in 1997 for email covering $200,000. 3) Inadvertently in 2000 T, falling asleep at his desk with cigarette in hand, set fire to some papers. One of the papers destroyed was the original copy of the 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in 2000.
5) S, the son of Y, was one of several witnesses to T's execution of the 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the various parties in terms of who takes what from T's estate. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Ademption Ђ” Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is and thesis work, not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away). When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. Death of a beneficiary Ђ” A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the email covering for resume testator ordinarily lapses (returns to the estate). By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in uc essay prompt help equal proportions per stirpes . Disposition of estate Ђ” Shall be in accordance with a decedent's last will and covering, testament.
Execution of a will Ђ” A properly executed will implies at essay on wildlife, least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Republication Ђ” A properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. Revocation Ђ” As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior will by implication. A will may further be revoked by means of its physical destruction. Covering Letter For Resume! Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. Specific legacy Ђ” A bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature. Ib Survival! It must be taken by the legatee as and where he finds it.
Testamentary capacity Ђ” Absent evidence to the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the testator, in email covering executing a will or other document, accurately recites the nature and extent of scientific explanation essay his property, and recognizes the natural objects of his bounty. Witness as beneficiary Ђ” A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview Ђ” The instruction points to parties who stand to take from T's estate. Each will be in opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from covering letter for resume taking from T's estate.
Step One Ђ” X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. anyone or thing (including each other, T, the finch character essay state, or the estate) that stands between him and taking from T's estate. B v. Letter For Resume! Z seems a key conflict. Step Two Ђ” [Each claimant must establish that the will or codicil upon which he bases his claim is valid and controlling. Each will likewise seek to defeat a competitor claim. Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in my wills toolbox will come into berklee essay, play.
However, it would be inefficient and email covering for resume, confusing to try to sort them out at this point. Better to prompt focus on covering for resume, one conflict at a time in the writing phase. Possibly there will be overlap of premises/discussion.] Step Three Ђ” [Having declined to set forth the premises of the various parties in Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response. My impression is that once the controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of extended ib survival a per stirpes witness, S, to take may be an interesting discussion.
Preview of a logical sequence of discussion Ђ” Resolving which instrument controls seems the obvious first step. Therefore, beginning with B v. Z would seem to make sense. B and covering for resume, Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction. B v. Z might confuse. But I'm thinking B v. Z!] As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior willby implication. The 1998 will was inconsistent with the uc essay prompt help 1994 will and covering for resume, made a complete disposition of T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy.
However, a properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of berklee essay testamentary capacity at the time of making. The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy. The fact that T was sober when making the email letter for resume codicil moots any effect of scout finch character essay T having been drunk when making the email letter for resume 1994 will. There being no evidence to the contrary, the fact that T in on wildlife executing the codicil accurately recited the nature and extent of his property and letter, recognized the natural objects of his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in making the codicil. Although a will may be revoked by means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will.
The circumstance that the original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is thus of extended essay no avail to B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is revoked, and B takes nothing. Z takes the rest, residue, and remainder of T's estate under the 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will. An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of covering letter for resume a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature) is not in existence or not in the possession of the ib survival testator when he dies. When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. The racehorse, Swayback, appears to be such a particular, individualized chattel. In that Swayback was sold prior to T's death, the republication of the 1994 will is of no avail to X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed. A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses. By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the covering legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Essay Ib Survival! Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the letter $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by having witnessed the now republished 1994 will.
A witness to explanation a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. S was one of several witnesses to the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the covering letter for resume will. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to prove the will in probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to scientific explanation essay take under the 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to the will. The rationale for covering for resume not allowing a witness necessary to berklee essay probate to take under the will being probated is presumably the conflict of interest posed. The reliability of a witness with a vested interest in having the will probated is compromised. Y, however, not S stood to take under the 1994 will. Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to witness the email will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is not necessary.
However, it demonstrates the kind of interest and thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and garner an berklee essay, A. Possibly it should be highlighted in some way, perhaps with a red star. I might even decide to put it on the blank page left at the beginning. (See p.75.)] Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing. Covering For Resume! However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per stirpes . S's having witnessed the will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to the will exist to essay prove it in probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Memphis School of Law (with Model A+ Response and Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an actual exam and model response sent to us by email letter one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Memphis class of 2009E (evening division). Essay! The exam was given jointly to two first year classes by their professors. Email! Richard ordered the audio CD version of LEEWS.
His is the verbatim model response offered to students — with professor comments! — as what was wanted. His response received the highest grade, one of only two A+ grades. Of Course And Thesis! His accompanying remarks are reprinted in the Results section. Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to my success. . The exemplar is, in for resume fact, *my* exam essay answer, and if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the LEEWS objective for extended ib survival every response is a series of for resume paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. . What is surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is a system whereby in structured, step-by-step fashion, the examinee knows exactly what is wanted and how to proceed and present. For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over scientific, the confusing fact pattern to the question/instruction, typically at the end, and perform Step One. A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and therefore will skim through quickly to note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual.
Note that the average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to email letter a Follow IRAC instruction by merely introducing an issue statement before each paragraph, and a conclusion statement at the end. LEEWS posits that in general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and scientific explanation essay, conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 (§ 11 = Prof Banks, § 12 = Prof Entman) Essays - 45 points. Average -- § 11 [17.2]; § 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6]
Range -- § 11 [3 - 42]; § 12 [4 - 39] Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions) Average -- § 11 [33.70]; § 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- § 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; § 12 [17.29 - 53.43] Total - 100 points. Average -- § 11 [50.90]; § 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- § 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; § 12 [26.29 - 83.00] Average Grade - § 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] § 12 [2.34]
A+: 82 and above. F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. You are responsible for following them to the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for failure to follow instructions. Before you begin work on this examination, be sure that you have an examination booklet consisting of 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. Letter! Part I consists of problems calling for of course and thesis work written analysis. Part II consists of 35 multiple choice questions. If your examination is incomplete, you should advise the instructor immediately.
It is your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is closed book. You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the letter answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument. You may not, of course, confer with or receive assistance from any other person. Your answers for scientific Part I should be written on the paper provided. Be sure to identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. A.). When you have completed your answers to covering Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on record, each page, and staple all of the pages together in the upper left hand corner. 1. Answer only the covering letter for resume question asked and on wildlife, do so with organization, precision, legibility, and proper grammar and spelling. 2. If a court rule or a statute is relevant to email letter for resume a problem, you may identify it by number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the rule or statute by number. 3. Write on only one side of a page and leave a left margin. Write your identification number in the space provided on the answer sheet for Part II and mark the scientific essay appropriate corresponding circles on your answer sheet to indicate your examination number.
Do not staple the answer sheet for Part II to covering anything. Submission of Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for Part II, and the exam booklet in essay on wildlife the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in. Email Covering! You must write your identification number on this exam booklet at the top of the first page and return the booklet in order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the correct version of the answers. Do not write your name on anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to the contrary, you should assume the following: 1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; 2. Extended Ib Survival! all states have enacted statutes that authorize the exercise of jurisdiction on each of the covering for resume traditional bases recognized by extended essay the Supreme Court up to the date of its decision in International Shoe; 3. all states have also enacted the letter following statutes: X.C.A. § 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a person (including an individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by an agent, as to a claim for relief arising from the personЂ™s. (a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by an act or omission in this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by on wildlife an act or omission outside this State if the person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered in email for resume this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in this State; (e) contracting to insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at the time of contracting.
X.C.A. § 2-2-222: In any suit brought in the courts of this State, service of process may be achieved by uc essay prompt help sending a summons and a copy of the complaint by registered mail, return receipt requested, to the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located. The problems in email covering letter for resume Part I are worth a total of 45 points. They are not of equal weight. A. You are now an associate attorney in scientific explanation essay a law firm. Respond fully to covering the following memorandum from one of your employers. ЂњI QuitЂќ is not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec.
11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and Isolde are partners in a furniture repair business. Their shop is in record and thesis work the State of Swabia where most of their customers are from. Sometimes people from the nearby States of Prussia and Bavaria bring repair jobs to the shop in Swabia. Isolde was raised in Prussia and lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home.
In July, 2003, a vice-president of First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [ЂњFirst CommercialЂќ] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and Isolde had a promising business and email covering letter, that the bank would do well to of course and thesis procure their business. After receiving a letter at their shop offering the bankЂ™s services, Tristan and Isolde decided to borrow $150,000 from First Commercial. By telephone, they requested the bank send them the paperwork at email covering letter, their shop. On August 15, 2003, Tristan and record and thesis, Isolde signed the loan papers at email for resume, their shop and Tristan immediately took them to scientific essay First CommercialЂ™s main office, located ten miles away in the State of Prussia. Covering Letter! First Commercial then gave them a check for $150,000 minus closing costs of approximately $5,000.
The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and validity would be governed by the law of Prussia and that it was to be repaid in two years. Due to financial difficulties, Tristan and Isolde made only two payments on the loan. When First Commercial threatened to sue them, Tristan settled the bankЂ™s claim against him for $50,000. First Commercial then sued Isolde in the United States District Court for Prussia to collect the unpaid principal and interest. First CommercialЂ™s attorney served Isolde with process by registered mail, return receipt requested, to her at the shop in extended Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to email respond to uc essay prompt the complaint and summons, the court entered a default judgment against her for $100,000. On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to register the email letter judgment against Isolde with the United States District Court for and thesis work the District of Swabia. In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of email covering garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in a bank account in Swabia. Scientific Explanation! First Commercial also procured a writ of garnishment from the for resume federal court in Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to berklee essay Isolde by one of her customers there. [Question/instruction] We represent Isolde.
Please submit a memo to me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Be sure to discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and rejected and explain fully why you have rejected them. B. Email Covering! The next day, you receive the following memorandum from the same partner. Again, respond fully. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec. 12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in an automobile accident in record and thesis Swabia a week after she was served with process by registered mail. She was rendered unconscious for two days.
An ambulance rushed her to the nearest hospital, which was located in Prussia. Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in Prussia, a private process server acting on behalf of First Commercial served Isolde in her hospital bed with a another copy of the summons and complaint for the same lawsuit. Given that she was served while in letter the state, it now seems to me that the judgment of the federal district court in Prussia against berklee essay, Isolde is unquestionably valid and letter for resume, is enforceable in both Swabia and Bavaria. Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is valid and whether the service on Isolde in the hospital establishes jurisdiction. The discussion below is a verbatim copy of a studentЂ™s essay that received a top grade. Commentary by Professors Banks and Entman appears in essay ib survival brackets. . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in blue.] LEEWS NOTE: “IRAC” (merely a formula for organizing analysis of an issue) prescribes a statement of I ssue to precede the email covering letter for resume statement of R ule, and the discussion ( A nalysis). Scout Character! (And C onclusion at the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an abrupt statement of premise (relevant law) to begin a paragraph implies the issue, making a separate statement of issue unnecessary (thereby saving time).
Richard's model response in LEEWS format does this. Our only suggestion is that underlining or boldfacing key words in the preamble of law — e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in the next — to assist the letter professor in recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction. The federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of claims as outlined in Article III of the US Constitution and as authorized by Congressional Statute. Help! First Commercial will argue that the US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to hear this case based on the diversity of for resume citizenship of the scientific essay parties. Email Covering Letter For Resume! First Commercial is a citizen of Prussia. Isolde has been living in Swabia for one month. [The facts do not give sufficient information to of course work know how long Isolde had been living in for resume Swabia at essay, the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the time at covering letter for resume, which jurisdiction must either exist or not. Prompt! At most, one can deduce that the suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005. Consequently, Isolde must have been living in Swabia for more than one month, but not the two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is still domiciled in Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to June of 2003, because she only moved to email covering letter Swabia temporarily, to see Ђњif she would enjoyЂќ life on her own.
If Isolde is berklee essay, found to be a domiciliary of Prussia, then there is for resume, not diversity of berklee essay citizenship and thus no subject matter jurisdiction. However, if Isolde is found to have relocated to Swabia with the intent of staying for the indefinite future, then the email covering for resume parties are diverse. The federal diversity statute also requires the amount in controversy to exceed $75,000. The $100,000 judgment against Isolde satisfies this requirement. N.B. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under Ђњfederal questionЂќ jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim. Therefore nothing in the plaintiffЂ™s complaint arises under the Constitution and extended ib survival, laws of the covering for resume United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived, and in this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on scientific essay, collateral attack. However, it is email covering letter, more likely than not that the court will find that Isolde did move to Swabia with the intent to stay indefinitely, so the District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction.
In the alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over the person. Uc Essay Prompt! Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on collateral attack in the enforcing court. [We would have preferred a discussion at this point that specifically points out covering for resume that Isolde never even appeared in the first action. Most of you could have improved your answers by making better use of the facts to support your analysis. The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is because she did not appear at all in the original action. Since she did not appear, there is no reason to discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for establishing jurisdiction over her in Prussia. N.B. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the state in which they are situated, so the District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over an out of state defendant only if the state court could do so. Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach. Because it is necessary that she be domiciled in Swabia to establish diversity of citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to personal jurisdiction on the basis of domicile.
Even though the contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the laws of Prussia to berklee essay possible disputes, that is not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of students referred to this as a forum selection clause. At least one student referred to it as a forum selection clause in part of the answer and email covering for resume, a choice of law provision in another part of the same answer. And Thesis Work! Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and not a choice of law provision. Mistakes of this type may be attributable to sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of a serious lack of preparation. Failure to letter for resume devote sufficient time to study of the analysis assigned materials frequently manifests itself in email covering letter a personЂ™s demonstrated obliviousness to important distinctions. On Wildlife! Others simply didnЂ™t know what to email covering for resume do with the fact, thus reflecting a failure to study the and thesis Burger King opinion and to pay attention to our class discussions of it.] Statutory basis. First Commercial will argue that the email covering long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over Isolde on berklee essay, the basis of the first of the enumerated acts: Ђњa) transacting any business within the State.Ђќ The claim for letter for resume relief, the $100,000 breach of berklee essay contract, arises from the covering defendantЂ™s act of essay entering into the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on TristanЂ™s delivery of the loan documents to the BankЂ™s main office in for resume Prussia. Isolde will counter that her act was signing the berklee essay documents, which took place at the furniture shop in Swabia. This is a valid argument so long as the court reads the email for resume statute literally and record of course, narrowly. However, if a court interpreted the statute broadly (See Gray v. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the out of state act, the email signing of the contract, which causes an in state result, the execution of the contract. [It is help, probably not necessary to stretch the construction of the statute as the court did in Gray to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the facts of this problem.
The statute covers transacting business in the forum state Ђњdirectly or by email an agent.Ђќ Like McShara in Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the partnership (thus as an agent) in delivering the papers to uc essay help the bank. The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the papers and that he immediately took them to the bank. You should never, as many of you did, overlook the statement that Isolde signed the papers or speculate that she may not have read them. There is simply no basis in letter the facts for speculating that Isolde didnЂ™t know what she was signing. Indulging in speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.] Constitutional Standard. The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of life, liberty or property without due process of law. The U.S. Supreme Court defined the due process standard as it relates to imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of state defendant in character analysis International Shoe: jurisdiction is letter, constitutional only if the cause of action arises from the defendantЂ™s minimum contacts with the forum, such that the assertion of jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice.
Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the of course proper use of words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to the presentation.] that the long-arm statute is sufficient to provide a statutory basis of email jurisdiction over Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the Shoe standard? [While it is implicit in the answer that the constitutional hurdle becomes important only if the berklee essay court first accepts the argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the contact which gives rise to the claim, the signed loan contract, was brought into covering letter for resume, the forum by explanation essay the unilateral actions of a third party, Tristan. Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the privileges of conducting activities in letter the forum, Prussia. Essay! First Commercial will counter that Tristan and for resume, Isolde were operating together to character analysis secure the loan. They reached into the forum when they called First Commercial. Letter For Resume! Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the scientific documents to covering letter for resume Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by many students in these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into court in Prussia over any disputes to uc essay prompt the contract. For Resume! (See Denckla, Worldwide VW). While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the facts seem to favor First Commercial. In the alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the essay on wildlife fairness factors, defining Ђњfair play and substantial justice,Ђќ articulated in the US Supreme CourtЂ™s Burger King decision? In weighing the relative burden on Isolde compared to the interest of email covering First National in litigating in Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to record work a nearby state where she lived most of her life and where she sometimes appears to give lectures. The interest of the forum state in adjudicating the dispute would be well served because of the choice of law provision; Prussia has an interest in adjudicating its own laws. The interest of the several states in efficiency and public policy do not seem to enter the picture, so the fairness factors do not point to covering letter Prussia as an unfair forum for Isolde.
Conclusion. Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the scientific explanation essay original judgment on a defense of lack of personal jurisdiction. [Many of you neglected altogether most of the issues about validity of the Prussia judgment treated in the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and service of process in for resume the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Record Of Course And Thesis! Such discussions reflect a lack of knowledge of covering our classwork on Assignment 27, a failure to scientific explanation essay read the Shaffer v. Email For Resume! Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to study the problems following that opinion in the casebook.]
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100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for email covering letter for resume over 20 years. She specializes in extended, helping people write essays faster and easier. Email Covering For Resume! Need a great argument topic? Below I give over 100 ideas. You'll write faster and easier if you pick a topic based on: Knowledge: Picking a topic you already know a lot about can make research faster and easier. Interest: Picking a question you want to know more about explanation can make this paper more interesting. Available Sources: I give links to many sources. Check those for articles first and email covering letter for resume, if you find some, your work is half done.
I also save you time by giving you links to videos and sample student essays. Essay Ib Survival! Check out my guides for writing papers too. Good luck! If you get a good grade, be sure to come back and tell me! 1. Instructions for how to (and how not to) pick a topic. 2. Lists of topic ideas (in the categories of food and health, obesity and dieting, recycling and the environment, families and relationships, and science and technology, with videos and many links to research and student essay examples.
3. Step-by-step instructions for how to write your essay. Choosing a topic that everyone is talking about makes writing an argument essay easier. Make sure you choose a question that doesn't have an answer people already agree on. Email For Resume! Pick a reader that doesn't agree with you, so that you are not preaching to the choir. It also helps if the extended essay, topic is something everyone has an opinion about: this will make it easier to get examples to back up your essay, either from covering letter, articles or from character analysis essay, people you interview. Finally, you probably want to pick a topic that is interesting to you and that you care about.
Steer clear of overused topics like abortion, gun control, and the death penalty. For one thing, your instructor has already read far too many of these essays and is not only probably bored with the email letter for resume, topic, but also has already heard everything you might say. Moreover, although those may seem like easy topics, they really aren't, because most people are set in their ways about these issues and it is hard to essay, think of an argument that might change their minds. Is Deforestation Worth it? Do the economic benefits of cutting down forests outweigh the email, environmental damage?
What is prompt Love? What kind of love leads to covering letter for resume, a lasting relationship? Stay-at-Home Dad: Is it a good idea for a father to raise his children full-time? What causes a man to become a stay-at-home dad and can it work out well for a family? Hunger Hurts: Should Americans think and do more about the hunger faced by people around the world? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? What can be done to help children maintain a healthy weight? How can people lose weight and keep it off? Is weight gain caused by genetics, environment, or some other factor? How do naturally thin people stay that way?
What is the essay on wildlife, relationship between food, exercise, and weight? Are low carbohydrate diets (like the Paleo, Adkins, and South Beach diets) really the best? Do planned-meal diets like Jenny Craig and email letter, Nutrisystem really work to help people keep weight off? Why are Weight Watchers and other calorie-counting diets often considered the best by of course doctors? Is controlling weight really a matter of calories in, calories out? What is the best diet for covering letter for resume a young adult?
Can vegetarian diets be healthy? Why are so many people now choosing to go on gluten-free diets? Is sugar really bad for you? Does restricting the size of soft drinks that can be sold really help health? Should schools have vending machines that sell sodas, candy, and other bad snacks? What can schools do to promote better health in students? Does intermittent fasting really help you to be more fit? How can morbidly obese people lose weight safely?
Is the berklee essay, T.V. show The Biggest Loser helpful in email letter, motivating people to on wildlife, be healthy? Does the letter for resume, show create negative or positive feelings about morbidly obese people? Does it exploit the contestants? What causes anorexia? How can it be prevented? How can you help an anorexic friend? Why are more young men becoming anorexic? What is morbid obesity? How does morbid obesity affect a person's health? What should we do about the cost of healthcare for overweight people? Should there be a greater insurance premium for people who are obese?
Is surgery a good method for record of course and thesis people to email covering for resume, lose weight? Are sugar substitutes helpful for dieting? Is fat really bad for you? Is a low fat diet the essay, best? Research Articles on Obesity and Dieting. For Resume! Here are some professional articles and websites that can help you start.
Many of these articles contain links to other sources also. Long Term Weight Loss Maintenance, by Rena R. Wing and Suzanne Phelan, in American Society for Clinical Nutrition (2005). The National Weight Control Registry. An account of over 10,000 individuals who have lost significant amounts of work, weight and covering letter for resume, kept it off for long periods of time. Overweight and uc essay help, Obesity. Email Covering Letter! U.S. government reports from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Diet Topic Articles from explanation essay, Psychology Today . What can we do to help people around the world have clean water to drink? Is hunting good or bad for the environment? Should the covering letter, horns of wild rhinos be removed to prevent them from being poached? Can we protect wild areas and animals by essay promoting eco-tourism? Should the government discourage or regulate oil drilling in the gulf of Mexico?
What are the dangers of fracking? Does recycling really make a difference? Should all states adopt a deposit on soft drink bottles and cans in order to email for resume, promote recycling? Should schools require students to scientific explanation essay, bring refillable containers for water and letter, other beverages rather than disposable ones? Should supermarkets charge for on wildlife plastic bags in order to encourage the use of covering letter for resume, reusable bags? Should your city (or campus) do more to encourage recycling? What causes people to litter? What could motivate people to clean up after themselves? What causes earthquakes?
What can we do to extended essay, reduce death or damage from earthquakes? Or how can we better predict them? Does being a vegetarian or vegan help the email for resume, environment? Can using LED lights make a difference? How can composting help save the environment? What is hazardous household waste and why is it important not to throw it in the regular trash?
What is deforestation? How does it happen? Can it be stopped? What is fracking? Is fracking worth the risks? Does fracking hurt drinking water? What is and thesis work a carbon footprint? How can we change our carbon footprint? What are the email covering for resume, dangers for people living in cities like Beijing with high pollution?
Is nuclear energy really safe? What should be done with nuclear waste? What is the best way to handle our trash? Are landfills a good idea? Where can we use solar, wind, and analysis essay, other alternative energy sources effectively? What is the best way to encourage alternative energy use? (Government regulations? Incentives?
Helping companies that produce these products? Advertising?) The World Bank on email covering letter for resume Environment: Information and research about environmental issues around the berklee essay, world. Email Covering! The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: On the science and technology page, find research and berklee essay, information under different topics like water, pesticides, or ecosystems.
Discover Magazine: Search the environmental topics page for your topic. U.S. Government Recycling and Conservation: Statistics and information. Covering Letter! Should mothers stay home with their children? Do long distance relationships work? How can divorce be prevented? Is divorce something that kids can recover from?
Are teenage marriages a good idea? Should teenagers that get pregnant keep their children? How can you get out of the record of course and thesis, friend zone? How can you know you are in email, an abusive relationship? Why do people stay in scout finch character analysis essay, abusive relationships? What are the effects of domestic violence on email letter for resume children? Who should do the chores in a family? What are helicopter parents and how do they help or harm their children? Is it good to be an only child? Is doing sports together a good thing for families?
How have video games impacted family life? Why do some people treat their pets as family members? Is this a good or bad thing? How important are grandparents to children today? How does interracial adoption affect a family? Are large families better for children? How does birth order affect children? Do older people make better parents?
Have cell phones and social media made families closer or not? How should (or shouldn't) you use social media in a dating relationship? How long should people date before they become engaged? What makes people have a happy, long-lasting marriage? Are the expectations raised by romantic movies damaging to finch analysis essay, real relationships? Are Beauty Pageants Good for Kids? What is nanotechnology and email, how has it already changed our lives? How will nanotechnology affect dentistry or medicine? How can nanotechnology be helpful in developing new types of of course and thesis, computers, cell phones, or data storage? Does using cell phones make people more or less connected?
Do cell phones cause a cancer risk? What should the laws be concerning the use of cell phones while driving? Have social media and texting hurt or improved the lives of teenagers? Why are children better at understanding new technology than their parents are? Do violent video games cause people to act out violently? Should schools use video games as a teaching tool?
Can students study better using digital textbooks than they can by using books, pens, and covering, paper? Will paper and berklee essay, books become obsolete? What is the difference between reading on a screen and reading a book? Should everyone wear a microchip with their personal information to avoid identity and credit card theft? Should parents be able to choose the email for resume, genetics of their children? Are smart watches going to analysis, replace cell phones? What is the next big leap in technology?
Which is better, the email covering letter, PC or the Mac? If we can help people live longer through technology, should we? Is there a balance between quantity and quality of life? How can 3-D printers be used effectively? SciTech Daily: Science and new technology news and research reports.
MIT Technology Review: Massachusetts Institute of Technology's website for explaining new technologies. If you want to write a quick and easy argument paper, follow these simple steps: Pick a topic question from the lists above. Extended! Decide your answer to the question (this is email covering letter for resume your beginning thesis). Write down everything you know about the topic.
Talk to your friends or family to find out what they know, have heard, or have read recently about the topic (have them give you the source if they know it). Look at some of the research articles or web sites about that topic. Look back at your question and berklee essay, refine your answer. After gathering information, you may want to change it. Write down three or more best reasons for your answer (these are your topic ideas for the body of your essay). Using those reasons, look at the articles you've read or the email letter, ideas you've already written down for some evidence to support those reasons (this is the backup evidence for prompt each topic sentence). Write your outline, then follow it to write your paper.
Do you have to do research for your paper? 100 Current Events Research Paper Topics with Research Links. by covering letter for resume Virginia Kearney 16. 100 Great Psychology Research Paper Topics. by Virginia Kearney 2. by Virginia Kearney 16. Scientific Explanation Essay! 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. Easy Words to Use as Sentence Starters to Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 123. How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 21.
This is a great resource. I've just entered into college, and email covering for resume, didn't know where to begin writing my first argumentative essay. Uc Essay Prompt Help! Thanks so much - voted up :) Do you know or have you written of anything to do with the argumentative essay of email covering for resume, should smoking be banned because I have to uc essay help, do essays with research and email letter for resume, I need some reliable sites. Virginia Kearney 3 weeks ago from berklee essay, United States. Email! Hi Aashi! I'm glad that younger students are finding my work too.
Although I now teach college students, I started my career teaching in scientific essay, your grade for several years. I will have to put together some topics for primary grade students. Until then, you might want to for resume, look at my High School Topics, which have many ideas which are good for your age too. Finch Analysis! I am in primary school in grade 6 and I want some good topics for primary students. Good job making this page. I don't know what to do at first. I was clueless and was browsing for answers but none of them made sense except for this. Thank you very much! I think the ideas are wonderful and are very helpful!
I am a Junior in high school and email covering letter for resume, I have to write an scout character analysis essay, argumentative paper. Your insight on email letter how to do so has been extremely helpful. I wanted to thank you for your intelligence on how to write an argumentative paper. Thanks! This website was very useful for help picking out a topic for my essay. Again, thank you for helping me out! King of Stuff 8 months ago. I find this website very interesting and letter for resume, helpful. Essay! Thank you for making it!
Your tips on writing essays is really helping me out. Mr. fluffypants 8 months ago. I love this article. Letter! You have helped me with my school essay. On Wildlife! Thank you! letter pile 8 months ago. I LOVE this website. Thank you so much for writing it! It has helped me so much! Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Hi Nataly!
You are welcome to covering letter, shift the essay on wildlife, focus of the email letter for resume, questions to whether governments should take action. Essay! My questions and topic ideas are just a starting point. I teach my students that there are a variety of ways to solve problems and email covering, one of those is by having governments or larger groups take action. Essay! However, I want my students to email letter, focus more on how they and their audience can personally take responsibility and action, so often my questions are more locally written. In my class, I focus on having my students address a very particular audience in their persuasive essays because effective arguments come from really thinking carefully about the viewpoint of the other person and developing points that would persuade that person. In my class, I do allow TedTalks as sources if the explanation, student is using other sources as well. However, I don't think all professors do accept that type of source. Most people who do TedTalks have written out their arguments in email covering letter, papers or books, so I'd suggest you research to see if there is an online paper you can cite as well. Explanation! I find your lists great and really appreciate the idea of providing useful links. Still, I would rather shift the focus of some questions so that they ask students to letter for resume, think more globally, from the point of view of the state and the society.
For example, should the state take actions to prevent high rate of berklee essay, divorces, which ones? Are people in developed states responsible for providing water and food to email covering, the starving people around the globe?, etc. I also wanted to ask you if TedTalks videos are officially recognized as credible resources. Have you ever heard of any cases when professors forbid to use it? Thank you for a good work! Hulya Gulyurt 9 months ago.
This helped me so much with my homework, thank you! Great Efforts . Well done. should guns be allowed on school campus. Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. This is an interesting topic idea bojoi--and definitely one that would be controversial. I'd love to hear how you would develop your thesis. preetyradd 14 months ago. i think this is cool i got a good grade on my essay thanks. Kanwal asif 14 months ago. Thank u so much God bless u. Virginia Kearney 17 months ago from United States. Record Of Course And Thesis Work! Glad this will help you three keys! ThreeKeys 17 months ago from Australia. Email Letter For Resume! Im about to prompt, try out your suggestions in this great article. Im excited to see what the email for resume, outcome will be in how I take a more pointed or comprehensive approach in essay, a written debate so to speak.
Thanks so much! Thank you it is for resume really helpful. Uc Essay Help! Thank you so much for the topics. Trisha Roberts 3 years ago from covering for resume, Rensselaer, New York. Love the great ideas! Absolutely love the list you shared with us. Thank you so much for berklee essay this Article! Kalai 3 years ago from Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.
Sometimes i find that the most easy or obvious topic the hardest to argue about. The less the words the email letter, greater the headache. When we prepare for debates, each word has the ability to record, make or break the case. Rae Saylor 3 years ago from Australia. Letter For Resume! What an interesting range of ideas and tips!
Massive thanks for writing this, pal! Voted up :) Eiddwen 3 years ago from Wales. A great hub Victoria ;thanks for sharing and I vote up. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. This is very useful to those who must teach essay writing (and to those who must write them).
I know I will be using this next time I teach English Comp. Voted up++ ExpectGreatThings 3 years ago from Illinois. Wow! This is a very impressive list and great instructions. Berklee Essay! I like how you were able to write the email, questions without giving away your position on each topic. - Ginger. Eric Dierker 3 years ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. Very interesting. Fun ideas and berklee essay, great food for thought. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of for resume, HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on scout character analysis this page based on letter affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
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Free International Relations and Politics essays. We all know that today, we have an covering, immigration system that's out of date and finch badly broken' But for email covering letter comprehensive immigration reform to work, it must be clear from the outset that there is uc essay a pathway to citizenship. We've got to lay out a path ' a process that includes passing a background check, paying taxes, paying a penalty, learning English, and then going to the back of the line, behind all the folks who are trying to come here legally. Email Covering For Resume? That's only essay on wildlife fair. So that means it won't be a quick process but it will be a fair process. Email Covering For Resume? And it will lift these individuals out essay on wildlife of the shadows and covering for resume give them a chance to earn their way to a green card and eventually to citizenship.' - President Barack Obama, January 29, 2013. Every modern state formally defines its citizenry, publicly identifying a set of persons as its members and residually designating all others as non-citizens. Every state attaches certain rights and obligations to the status of citizenship. Earned citizenship refers to a modern concept in Immigration Law in which citizenship in essay on wildlife earned in an unconventional way. It refers to a system of citizenship in which one takes some extra steps to 'earn' citizenship and become fully paid-up members of a society.
This is still an emerging concept and hence a fully structured notion of it hasn't evolved yet. It is under consideration by many countries for the purpose of email letter for resume providing a chance to undocumented or illegal immigrants to earn the citizenship of that country. The process is berklee essay under consideration by countries like USA and UK as well. US annually accepts the largest intake of email immigrants in the world. US is currently under debate over immigration reforms. Canada, too, might see similar debates erupt in berklee essay the future given the rise of temporary workers' admissions that have skyrocketed in recent years. Many of email for resume those in the United States without status have U.S.-born citizen children who possess a legal right to remain in scout finch character analysis essay the country. Often a question is raised - 'why should people who violated the law be given an opportunity 'of converting to legal status and earning a path to citizenship''? They view any such concession as rewarding lawbreakers with 'the most coveted asset on the planet'permanent residence in the United States.' THE POSITION IN UK:
The UK government is radically changing the email covering for resume, route to British citizenship under a new system of 'earned citizenship'. Until now migrants have largely taken for analysis granted that they would gain a British passport or permanent residence by virtue of the amount of time spent in the UK. But this is all about to email covering for resume, change as the UK Border Agency introduces the essay, radical new concept of earning citizenship as part of the biggest immigration shake-up for sixty years. The new system will create a clear, three-stage 'path to citizenship' for migrants to become British citizens, which will include for the first time a new 'probationary citizenship' stage. The government say the proposed new rules will ensure that the 'rights and benefits of British citizenship are matched by responsibilities and contributions made to our society. Those who want to settle permanently in the United Kingdom will have to earn the right to stay by learning English, paying taxes and covering letter for resume obeying the law ' The government said it will support migrants who 'play by the rules', and berklee essay will take action to punish those who do not. Migrants who demonstrate 'active citizenship' will be able to become British citizens more quickly. Migrants will need to letter, take extra steps to earn citizenship and become fully paid-up members of on wildlife society. In future, they will need to spend the next six to eight years proving their worth to the UK as part of letter a personal journey and contract with British society. At present, an immigrant living in scientific explanation the UK can apply for permanent settlement after about five years. Under the new system, ministers say migrants - excluding those from the letter for resume, European Economic Area - will pass through three clear stages.
At first they will be classed as temporary residents - the status they receive as a worker, relative or recognised refugee. After five years they will be given an entirely new status for a minimum of another 12 months - probationary citizen. Essay? This probationary status will ultimately lead to letter, someone becoming a British citizen or permanent foreign resident - or being told it's time to uc essay prompt help, move on. The critical difference between the current situation and the proposals is email around the idea of a probationary period. During this phase migrants will no longer have access to a full range of benefits that are currently available to permanently-settled foreign nationals. It will no longer be enough for a migrant to prove they are living in the UK - they will have to prove that they are actively taking steps to scientific explanation essay, fit in.
They will have to show that not only have they made some effort to learn English - but they are making progress. They will have to obey the law and where possible prove they are active citizens. On criminality, the equation is simple. Serious crimes will become a bar to covering for resume, achieving citizenship - and may lead to deportation. Minor offences would slow down the process. The more active they are in the local community the quicker their journey to citizenship will become. Acceptable activities could include voluntary work, involvement in local groups or the extended ib survival, school parent-teacher association. Migrants will need to find referees to vouch for these good deeds. The scheme's architects think this idea of active citizenship will make the email, journey from migrant to berklee essay, citizen much more significant because it creates a social contract between individuals and their new society. Crucially, ministers believe migrants would meet more British people more quickly and learn more quickly how to integrate.
Measures in email covering letter for resume the new 'Path to citizenship' include: ' a new naturalisation process for foreign nationals to finch analysis, become British Citizens. ' extending the Citizenship process from 5 to 8 years. ' introducing the concept of 'Earned Citizenship and. ' introducing a 'probationary citizenship' replacing Indefinite Leave to Remain. ' restricting Citizenship to certain skilled categories. THE POSITION IN US : US citizenship gives a person as many rights as the covering, US has to offer; for example, the right to vote, petition for family members to immigrate, and extended ib survival live abroad without losing the right to return. For these reasons, citizenship is not easily obtained. The most concrete proposals for immigration reform thus far in 2013 include earned legalization with a path to U.S. citizenship for unauthorized immigrants already living in the United States. This is a process that essentially permits unauthorized immigrants to come forward and receive a provisional legal status that'after paying taxes, proving they understand English and civics, passing all criminal and email covering letter other background checks, and showing they are committed to the United States'allows them to become lawful permanent residents (LPRs).
From there, like other LPRs before them, they will have to decide whether or not to make the uc essay, final commitment to their adopted country by becoming American citizens. Some critics of the new proposals argue that citizenship is too good for unauthorized immigrants, or that legal status is really all they need to thrive in this country. But that kind of email covering letter for resume short-sighted thinking ignores some very important facts: more than half a century ago the US finally abandoned the idea that there should be a second-class status for any group by denying them citizenship and, in fact, today the vast majority of Americans support a path to citizenship. Every immigrant-receiving country in the industrialized world provides a route for immigrants to become citizens. Last year, the administration approved 99.5% of applications of those who had applied for legal status under President Obama's non-deportation policy for young adults, granting legal status to more than 250,000 formerly illegal immigrants. Granting undocumented immigrants a path to citizenship could help improve the economy.
Authorizing an immediate path to citizenship for the estimated 11 million undocumented immigrants in the United States would add as much as $1.4 trillion to the country's economic growth, create more than 200,000 jobs, and increase tax revenue by more than $180 billion in the next decade. Undocumented immigrants currently pay less in taxes than they would as citizens, so granting them citizenship would bring in additional revenue. They also earn less, according to the report. Not only finch character essay would earning more increase the amount of covering letter for resume taxes they pay, it would also increase the amount of money they spend. Essay On Wildlife? They will spend their increased earnings on the purchase of food, clothing, housing, cars, and email covering letter computers. That spending, in berklee essay turn, will stimulate demand in the economy for for resume more products and essay on wildlife services, which creates jobs and expands the letter, economy. Citizens have average incomes that are 40 percent higher than the salaries of of course work both undocumented and documented noncitizen immigrants. Covering? Citizenship would also give immigrants increased legal protection, and lead to more investment in education and training. The jobs undocumented immigrants can apply for are limited, and so they may be less likely to seek new job training if they feel they will not be able to move up the career ladder because they are undocumented. Citizenship would encourage labor mobility and foster entrepreneurship. There is essay ib survival also an email letter, argument that the scientific essay, idea of granting citizenship to undocumented immigrants will somehow hurt citizen workers.
It would ensure that millions of illegal aliens compete for just about every job in email letter for resume America and admit millions more new foreign workers to our labor force, with no realistic prospect that promises about curbing future illegal immigration would ever be kept. A strong majority of Americans from essay, diverse states and political backgrounds support a path to earned citizenship. However, some in Congress have suggested that immigration reform should provide only legal status, without any opportunity for those who are getting on the right side of the law to earn their way to citizenship. 'This 'legalization-only' approach violates a basic principle of our country: that anyone, no matter where they came from, can become an American citizen if they're willing to work for it and take on the responsibilities of citizenship. Covering For Resume? We cannot afford a system that creates a group which can never become fully American, denying equal rights to people who pay the same taxes and scout finch character essay play by the same rules even after they've paid a penalty and gotten on the right side of the law.' The nation as a whole would benefit from a sizable increase in GDP and income and a modest increase in jobs. It is also clear that legalization and a road map to citizenship bestow greater gains on the American people and the US economy than legalization alone. To get on a path towards citizenship, undocumented immigrants working and living in the US must complete a registration process, submit to reasonable background checks, pay and appropriate fine, pay taxes, and study English. BENEFITS OF THE CONCEPT : There are several reasons why legalization and citizenship both raise the incomes of immigrants and improve economic outcomes.
Providing a road map to citizenship to undocumented immigrants gives them legal protections that raise their wages. It also promotes investment in the education and training of immigrants that eventually pays off in the form of higher wages and covering for resume output; grants access to scout finch analysis, a broader range of email letter higher-paying jobs; encourages labor mobility which increases the returns on the labor skills of scientific explanation immigrants by covering letter, improving the berklee essay, efficiency of the labor market such that the skillsets of immigrants more closely match the jobs that they perform; and makes it more possible for email covering for resume immigrants to start businesses and create jobs. Following are the various benefits : 1. Legal Protection. 2. Investment in education and training. 3. Access to better jobs. 4. Labor mobility and berklee essay increasing returns. 5. Fostering entrepreneurship. 6. Benefits the economy as whole.
The movement toward comprehensive immigration reform has accelerated significantly in recent months. For Resume? Some lawmakers, however, do not want to extend legal status'let alone citizenship'to the unauthorized. Uc Essay Help? Others have expressed interest in stopping just short of providing full citizenship for millions of undocumented immigrants, instead calling for a so-called middle-ground option'to leave undocumented immigrants in a permanent subcitizen status. The debate over immigration reform has important legal, moral, social, and political dimensions. Providing or denying legal status or citizenship to email covering, the undocumented has implications for getting immigrants in compliance with the law, affects whether or not immigrant families can stay in their country of choice, and determines whether they have the opportunity to become full and equal members of the society. But legal status and citizenship are also about the economic health of the nation as a whole. Legal status and a road map to extended essay ib survival, citizenship for email covering the unauthorized will bring about significant economic gains in terms of growth, earnings, tax revenues, and jobs'all of help which will not occur in the absence of immigration reform or with reform that creates a permanent sub-citizen class of residents.
The timing of reform also matters. The sooner legal status is provided, the greater the email covering, economic benefits are for the nation. Legal status and citizenship enable undocumented immigrants to produce and earn significantly more than they do when they are on the economic sidelines. Record Of Course And Thesis Work? The resulting productivity and wage gains ripple through the economy because immigrants are not just workers'they are also consumers and taxpayers. They will spend their increased earnings on the purchase of email for resume food, clothing, housing, cars, and computers. That spending, in turn, will stimulate demand in the economy for more products and services, which creates jobs and expands the essay, economy. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom International Relations and Politics essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?
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