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Argumentative Essay Example: Why Do Dieting and Exercising Matter? Here is Don quixote a great argumentative essay example on Dieting and coursework sample Exercise. Good exercise and diet are one of the main keys to living long, healthy lives. An argumentative essay is Don quixote a genre of writing that aims at investigating an issue, taking a stand on an issue, generating and evaluating a multitude of evidence in a logical manner to support the overall claim. Argumentative essay outline is a five essay format that consists of an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. HOW TO WRITE AN ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY.
If you are looking for argumentative essay examples here is a great one below. Read and enjoy! How Can Dieting and Exercising Change Your Life? Good exercise and diet habits are key aspects not only in appearance but in living long, healthy lives. One may look fabulous, both fit and healthy while being just as unhealthy as an obese person.
The exact opposite argumentative essay media is true, also. A person may be a little overweight but have a healthy heart and diet. Don Quixote? The only way to find out if one is eating healthy and getting the proper amounts and coursework sample types of exercise is by looking at their diet and Don quixote activity level. It is important to first start with a good eating plan. Manager? Age, health issues, and Don quixote level of physical activity are just a few factors that should be taken into godel, consideration when writing a meal plan for Don quixote a person. For example, a young, healthy, and on puerto identity active person can eat more freely than an older person with high cholesterol who does not get much physical activity. On average, a person should try to eat 6-11 servings of grains, 3-5 servings of fruits, 3-5 servings of vegetables, 2-3 servings of dairy, 2-3 servings of meat, and consume fats and Don quixote sugars sparingly each day. One should shoot for this range until he/she can have an eating plan written for them. Diet is just as big of identity, a part of Don quixote, your health as exercising, that’s why it is so crucial to eat well balanced healthy meals.
This requires knowing what you are eating; you can obtain this by the dietary label present on the back of the food when you buy it in rome research the grocery store. “Water is an Don quixote, essential for being healthy; you should drink 8-ounce glasses per day. Most people do not have a well-balanced diet like they should, but instead, have a diet high in fat and are not consuming enough fiber” (Gebhardt, 72). Research? The best way to start towards a healthy diet is to start consuming more natural whole foods, such as fruit, vegetables, bread, cereals, potatoes, and pasta. Don Quixote? You have six different food groups one of which would be a good idea to eliminate completely from your diet, the violence sweets. The other five groups which you need to Don quixote, focus on on puerto rican identity, are the dairy group, meat group, vegetable group, fruit group, and the bread group. It is a good idea to try and eat a little from each of these groups with each meal.
Also keep in mind that you need to be paying attention to the amount of Don quixote, protein, fiber, salt, vitamins, and minerals which you consume as well. Letter? These are a little bit harder to keep track of and have always caused more confusion. Diet is not the Don quixote only thing that should be factored into a healthy lifestyle. Exercise is just as important as a nutritious diet. There are many benefits of physical activity besides the kurt thesis obvious advantage of Don quixote, having a better physical appearance. Exercise can reduce the paper symptoms of anxiety and depression and improve one's mood and feelings of well-being. Besides helping you look great it helps you feel great, too. There are different types of exercises which give different results. Don Quixote? Strength training, such as lifting weights, produces dramatic differences in physical appearance and raises one's metabolic rate.
It also improves athletic performance and builds stronger bones. Cardiovascular training builds a powerful heart and strong lungs. It helps prevent hypertension, obesity, heart disease, and Type Two diabetes. Exercise is presentions not all about physical looks, it also has to do a lot with your actual health and well being. For example, many overweight people tend to Don quixote, be more susceptible to higher cholesterol and blood pressure. Well, by working out and adding an exercise routine into your normal everyday life, you can help to decrease risk factors drastically. It is said that over 60% of American grown-ups are on the heavier side, or overweight.
Only about essay media violence 15% actually engage in the slightest amount of exercise. “Obesity alone makes a person very vulnerable to heart disease, but also susceptible to an additional 65% chance of having at Don quixote, least one added risk for heart disease, diabetes and or stroke and a 50% possibility of having two or more of these as possible risk factors. Some other possible risks are high blood pressure, high blood sugar, cholesterol and blood fats that are not all curable with insulin and coursework are considered the Metabolic Syndrome” (Lissner, 886-92). This becomes an Don quixote, even bigger risk when areas of fat accumulate around a person’s middle area and rome paper the organs in which the fat surrounds. Basically, people become obese by consuming more calories than should be consumed for Don quixote a whole day and not using up that energy that has been consumed in research paper calories by exerting it in a physical manner such as exercise. Some people have a fast metabolism which would be the people you see eating whatever they want and still look fit or have the average metabolism where you are what you eat, which makes it a lot harder to stay fit and lean. Exercise has also had a tremendous effect on the aging process of the body. Apparently, the Don quixote increase in exercise has an enormous effect on nerve cell health and rome research with how long those cells are alive. By maintaining these healthy cells it helps to promote the production of antioxidants which help to protect cells from damage, this is the leading cause of Don quixote, aging.
No matter what your age is you can still benefit from sample, exercise not only mentally but also help to prolong your ability to function later on in life. But most importantly “you will be reducing the Don quixote chance of having a stroke and clotting which can result in deep vein thrombosis and death, which is more critical as we age” (Tremblay, 814-18). Keeping up a regular cardio routine is a great way to get in shape and also it helps benefit you in various prolonging ways. It is still a good idea to have weight lifting as a part of your routine too. There are six different muscle groups that you can work on with weights. Kurt Thesis? You have arms, back, chest, shoulders, legs, and then abs. You want to try and keep them all worked out pretty evenly. Keeping it switched up and by not concentrating on let's just say bench press, you keep your body guessing and keep it from getting immune to the exercise. Instead of Don quixote, just doing bench press all the time you can switch it up to one week doing dumbbells, maybe cables the next, or maybe even just doing flat out push ups.
Then you have the godel machine style workout which you can substitute in one week. Also, you can switch the focus point up, maybe you want to concentrate on your upper chest this week and lower or mid chest the following week. With this type of confusion, your muscles will grow much stronger and you will notice much more of an Don quixote, improvement. Exercise and diet are key factors in kurt godel thesis staying physically and mentally healthy. It is a known fact that if you look great and Don quixote feel great you will live a longer and happier life. It is important to take one's age, health, and current physical activity level into consideration when writing an exercise and diet plan. Kurt Godel? There are many people out there, such as nutritionists, personal trainers, and even personal doctors, who can help develop a diet and Don quixote exercise plan that is right for him/her. There are so many facilities out paper, there to help keep you alive and healthy.
Gebhardt, S.E., Matthews, R.H. (2006). Nutrition Value of Foods, United States Department of Agriculture, Human Nutrition Information Service, Home and Garden Bulletin Number 72. Lissner L., Levitsky D.A., Strupp B.J., Kalkwarf H.J., Roe D.A. Don Quixote? (2005). Dietary fat and the regulation of energy intake in thesis human subjects. Am J Clin Nutr, 46, 886-892. Tremblay, A., Simoneau, J., Bouchard, C. (2004). The impact of Exercise Intensity on Body Fatness and Skeletal Muscle Metabolism. Metabolism. 43(7): 814-818. MOST POPULAR ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY TOPICS OF 2017.
If you need assistance with essay writing, feel free to contact our friendly support team or place an order and we will gladly help you. You can download free essay samples in Don quixote PDF format from essays on puerto identity, our Home Page ('Download Our Samples' section). Find out what an English essay is and how to write it correctly. Don Quixote? If you need more information on this question read other articles about essay writing on our website. Write an argumentative essay that will help you beat your opponent's counter argument. Pick the most appealing side, do research, be prepared to enter the opinion counter stand. The Most Popular Argumentative Essay Topics of 2017: The List.
Here is the list of the most popular argumentative essay topics of presentions, 2017. Don Quixote? You can either use any of these topics for your essay or get one written for you from scratch. Enter your email address to receive exclusive members-only discounts. The time-frames are specified by client service cover letter, our customer. However, we recommend to Don quixote, place the order for as much time as you can allow as it is not only about writing the paper but about the researching relevant materials as well. Yes, we can. We employ writers specializing in statistics and presentions data analysis software, including SPSS. We generally allow our most experienced writers to Don quixote, pick-up orders themselves, as long as they have the relevant qualifications. When a new order comes in, we circulate a notice to all writers in that field, and someone who is available and interested in your topic will chose to work on your project. Our junior or less experienced writers require administrators' approval before they can start on the job.
Writers have competitive incentives to essay, work towards and are well looked after, which means that we attract and retain the very best writers in this industry. Don Quixote? Even though we are the rome US based company, we do have a contact number in the UK (phone: 020 8133 2155, fax: 020 7692 7990). Don Quixote? All the essay media violence phone calls and faxes are redirected to our head office. We can certainly adhere to any guidelines sent to us; we have a vast experience in writing papers on almost every academic topic out there. After an order is placed, the Don quixote guidelines and example can be uploaded for the writer to look at, as well as any other material you wish to provide. Sure, you can send your assignment instructions to firstname.lastname@example.org and our staff will estimate the rome research paper cost of the assignment for you. Don Quixote? It would really help if you also let us know your academic level, and your deadline. Client Service Cover Letter? We would be glad to proofread your assignment, please feel free to visit our order page or contact us via email with assignment criteria if unsure. When placing an order, make sure you choose proofreading in Don quixote the Academic Level section.
Yes, you can keep track of the progress through your personal control panel. Presentions? Yet, maintaining contact with your writer is the most efficient way to obtain reliable information in Don quixote regards to your order progress. You can communicate with the writer directly, via the essays on puerto control panel. We do handle rewriting of assignments. Simply let us know how many pages are needed to be changed and Don quixote we will deliver it to you on or before the date specified. Make sure you choose Editing/rewriting in the Academic Level section. There are several formats you can choose from: Word Document File (.DOC) Excel Datasheet (.XLS) Rich Text Format (.RTF) Power Point Presentation (.PPT) ZIP Archive Format - includes any multiple files in a single file (.ZIP) As our name states, we take the confidentiality of our customers very seriously. Because of that, not even the writers know the identity of our customers; all communication takes place via messages between customers and writers. University level, Bachelor's refers to the academic level to be written. If you are an undergraduate studying at the university, then that is what you should select.
The vast majority of our papers do receive a 2:1 or better. We suggest you selecting the level of difficulty in accordance with your expectations. NEED HELP? Start a Live Chat with an presentions, Operator, contact us +1-845-228-8552 or send a message. A service of Insight Innovations LLC, Phoenix, AZ. Please enter your phone number to get a call from Don quixote, our Academic Success Manager. Sample? We care about your privacy. Your browser is Don quixote out-of-date. Please download one of these up-to-date, free and excellent browsers: For more security, speed, comfort and fun. We have detected you have disabled http cookies on your browser. Essays? Please note that it might affect overall website performance.
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Resume Genius' Original Templates - Expert's Choice. By Resume Genius. This page features eight famous resume templates that you could normally only access via Resume Genius’ Resume Builder. We’ve decided to provide them to Don quixote, you for free. Do you want a resume that’s simple, sleek, and to the point? Then you’ve come to the right place. Below, we feature our Classic resume template. Feel free to download it into a Microsoft Word document for personalized editing. We have two reasons for calling it Classic.
First, it’s our oldest resume template. Second — and more importantly it’s the presentions, most versatile one out of our entire library. This is not a fancy resume template in the slightest. It’s simple, bare bones, to-the-point, easy to read, and unpretentious. Don Quixote. Let’s get one thing straight — hiring managers aren’t going to trash a resume because it’s not fancy looking. Eventually, they would lose their job because they’d be overlooking some very good candidates who happen to like simpler designs.
The content of your resume is far more important than its look. Godel Thesis. So long as the hiring manager can read your resume easily, you’ve done a good job. The beauty of the Classic is that anyone can use it. Don Quixote. Its simple nature gives it flexibility, and can be modified to suit all jobs and argumentative media violence, industries. Simply formatted resume designed for Don quixote maximum clarity and readability. Header font spaced by 2.2pt creates an presentions, interesting aesthetic effect. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 2.54? Left – 2.54? Right – 2.54? Font: Georgia Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Classic template pack.
Chicago is well known among architecture nerds for its interesting Prairie School style of architecture, which uses a lot of horizontal lines to Don quixote, better integrate its and argumentative essay media violence, mesh its buildings with the flat mid-western landscape. Long story short, our resident resume expert and architecture nerd associated the Chicago template’s use of page long horizontal underlines beneath each major heading with the Prairie School architecture style, and the rest is history. Like the Don quixote, Classic, the Chicago resume format is another crowd-pleaser among all industries and types of employment. Once again, it emphasizes clarity over fanciness. The major question you need to decide is if you like your resume sections to on puerto rican, be sectioned off by page-wide underlines (choose Chicago), or if you feel like that’s excessive (choose Classic). Page-length underlines used to separate resume sections. Don Quixote. City, state, and rome paper, employment dates placed in a separate column on the right. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 1.27? Left – 2.03? Right – 2.03? Font: Time New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Chicago template pack.
This one’s pretty simple – initially we only Don quixote had one version of this resume template, one with green headings. Naturally, we associated green with the Irish. Since we’d named the Chicago template after a city, we felt it was best to continue on with the client service manager letter, city name formula. Don Quixote. Thus, Dublin! Now, as you can see, we’ve added more colors than just green, because people liked the rome research paper, styling so much and demanded more choices.
But, we still call it Dublin due to its roots. Obviously if you’re Irish, it comes highly recommended! However, this is Don quixote yet another resume template that is so simple, clear, and easy to presentions, read that we can easily recommend it to anyone looking for a job. The Dublin font styling looks much more airy and less blocky, so if that suits your taste, go ahead and download it. No horizontal lines anywhere Text in headers expanded by 1.05pt for Don quixote an interesting effect. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 1.27? Left – 2.03? Right – 2.03? Font: Georgia Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Dublin template pack.
Once you look at this resume template, you immediately know why it’s called Elegant. It just is. This resume is so light on the eyes it seems like it could float away. Every small detail is presentions infused with a soft and gentle touch, and stands out Don quixote, as being particularly well crafted. Coursework. That’s why it’s one of Don quixote, our most popularly downloaded resumes.
Those of essays rican identity, you with a flair for Don quixote the abstract, and who would prefer a resume that is less blocky, solid, and rigidly organized should download this template. Any hiring manager would be able to appreciate the Elegant template’s style and formatting. It’s easy to read, clear, and makes great use of white space. It’s tough to generalize, but those of argumentative, you applying for positions that require more rigidity and strictness, such as accounting or logistics, may want to consider a more tightly organized resume, such as Harvard. Headings are centered throughout entire template, with job descriptions left aligned. Text in headers expanded by Don quixote, 2.8pt, and name by client cover, 4.8, giving the Don quixote, “elegant” feel. Top – 2.54? Bottom – 2.54? Left – 1.9? Right – 1.9? Font: Times New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt.
Click here to download. The Elegant template pack. Making the essay violence, Harvard resume template required some serious MS Word skills by our resident expert. We tasked her with creating a template that would help save space on the resume without losing clarity and readability. She came up with this columned approach — headings are left aligned to help save space, and have large enough text to Don quixote, be very clear. Due to this complicated and ingenious approach, we dubbed the kurt godel thesis, template Harvard, as everyone knows the reputation of that university. Those of you who have a resume that extends JUST over one or two pages will find this template especially useful. Don Quixote. The left-aligned headings allow you to cut down wasted space to reach one or two pages exactly, which will make hiring managers happy.
If you lack experience and have a short resume, we recommend avoiding this template, as it will make your experience look minimal and paltry. Headings are left aligned, saving a lot of essays on puerto rican identity, vertical space and allowing for more job descriptions to be written. Resume looks highly organized and Don quixote, rigidly designed, appealing to those who prefer straight lines and boxes. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 1.27? Left – 1.27? Right – 1.27? Font: Times New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Harvard template pack. Many jobs are considered more “modern” than others. Godel. These are usually not age old industries but instead professions that have only Don quixote come into argumentative essay media violence existence within the last 20-30 years. Professions like Software Engineers, Computer Technicians and Social Media Managers are all relatively new when compared to those like Nursing, Teaching, and Law etc.
For this new breed of Don quixote, professional comes a new breed of resume template: the Modern. Sporting a very “flat” design, the Modern template uses styling that classical resume experts will recognize, but altered subtly in terms of formatting and style to produce a template that is kurt thesis anything but “classic”. The modern is Don quixote all about thesis efficiency and simplicity. Don Quixote. The contact details, job headings and research paper, skills headings are all centered, producing a logical and Don quixote, aesthetically appealing form. This resume template looks equally good in printed form or on an iPad or desktop. Modern is argumentative essay media violence perfect for those who don’t feel like our other more classically styled resume templates work well for their personality type or the position they are applying to. For example, a developer using a “Classic” resume template not only is a bit misdirected style-wise, but may also be holding himself back as compared to other tech-industry resume styles, he or she will appear a little dated. As mentioned, industries that are relatively new are a perfect match for Don quixote the Modern template.
Modern color variations One horizontal line Centered Contact Information Centered Headings Two-tone color styling. Click here to argumentative media, download. The Modern template pack. Milano is Don quixote how Italians refer to their beloved 2 nd largest city, Milan. Milano is famed for it’s rich cultural heritage, cuisine and on puerto rican, of course, it’s fashion industry. The Milano resume template encapsulates all of these characteristics to one degree or another.
This template was not built from scratch, but instead has been built upon Don quixote, an older, more long-standing classic resume format. Coursework. Things were then “spiced up” so to speak with subtle use of formatting and colors to produce a very fashionable resume template if there ever was such a thing. Balancing professional tradition with new, contemporary colors is a balancing act that the Milano pulls off well. Similar to how a cup of coffee with just the right amount of Don quixote, cream is sample not too rich but not to bitter is perfectly balances, so is this resume template. The Milano template’s style and formatting is Don quixote eye catching without being excessive, and for this reason it is suitable for many different professionals across many different industries. According to Resume Genius stats, the godel thesis, Milano seems to Don quixote, be most popular with Marketers, Sales professionals and Educators. Regardless of coursework sample, industry, if you are looking for a way to stand out amongst the Don quixote, other applicants without calling too much attention to yourself, consider downloading the Milano and customizing it with your own information for your next job application. Subtle color usage A single horizontal line Left Aligned Contact Details.
Job Description Font Size: 9. Click here to download. The Milano template pack. Do you want a resume that is refined, sophisticated but not pretentious? If that’s the case, then the Park template below is the rome research, perfect option for you. Download this subtle and classy resume template and edit it to suit your own circumstance. Image you are walking down Park Avenue on the Upper East Side. It’s fall, the smell of leaves lingers on the breeze as you walk back from you favorite coffee shop.
You pass a well-dressed businessman in slacks, brown oxfords and a grey cardigan. Sitting next to Don quixote, him on the bench is a leather folio with a resume on top, held in place by the weight of a black Mont Blanc pen. The atmosphere, the season, the resume; they all seem to be in perfect harmony. Kurt Godel. Now open your eyes, and realize it is in fact you who are sitting on the bench, and the resume that caught your attention is none other than The Park. Whether in its original “accountant lamp green” or one of the Don quixote, other four other carefully selected understated colors, the thesis, Park conducts business with class, a perfect match for your personality. Different from our other templates in Don quixote that it harmonious blends just the right amount of styling with simple and refreshingly neat formatting to produce a resume that would look perfectly at home on any prestigious New York Office mahogany desk. The Park is for the job applicant who knows the rome paper, difference between a Windsor and a Half Windsor, who knows the difference between Thelonious Monk and John Coltrane, and for the person who knows that even the smallest of details can make all the difference.
The Park is not just a resume template; it is an accompaniment to your refined, metropolitan lifestyle. The park makes a statement with clever use of space right away in Don quixote the header of the resume, with a large margin between the top of the page and the applicant’s name. There are no unnecessary frills or decorations on The Park; it makes a statement with only practical applications of sensible color palettes, logical spacing and formatting and measured use of cover, breaks and lines. No unnecessary frills or decorations One horizontal line Center aligned contact information. Left aligned text.
Download The Park today to secure your job tomorrow. Click here to download. The Park template pack. resume tools and coach support and great templates. Glad you like them! Anything Specific for the trades ?? I am a machinist..Thanks. Any of the above are suitable for your industry, but if we had to Don quixote, choose we’d suggest the ‘Chicago’ or the ‘Modern.’ Good luck on the job hunt! Great thanks for your help … We would recommend the ‘Milano’ template. Good luck! I am trying to decide what to use as a professional massage therapist.
Thanks. Check out presentions, our ‘Elegant’ templates. Don Quixote. Good luck on the job hunt! Hi, which template is good for the pharmaceutical industry or biology? Thanks! The ‘Harvard’ should be suitable. Good luck! Thanks!
I appreciate it. What if I already started using one of the violence, advanced templates – dark blue contemporary? Should I switch to Harvard? I recently graduated, about a year and a half ago and I am looking to Don quixote, break into the pharmaceutical industry with a biology and pharmacy background. Let me know what you think! #128578; Contemporary should work just fine.
Which one would be good for a television producer? Or someone in the media industry? Thanks! The ‘Milano’ sounds like the right way to go. Best of luck! which template would be good for a high school student?
which template would be great for executive. Which template is good for fresher seeking job in IT industry. I’m BCA graduate. Try the ‘Chicago’ on for size. Good luck on the job hunt! which template suitable for internship? which template is coursework sample suitable for a project manager. Which template is Don quixote suitable for a job at a bank? which Template is better for paper a job of medical field? You might want to Don quixote, check out our internship and engineering resume samples: Good luck on the job hunt!
What resume is most suitable for a Professional Sales Manager that is hoping to change careers to an Executive Asst. HI, what resume is media violence suitable for a management consultant? or an auditor? The ‘Milano’ would suit either of those professions. Good luck! The decision is really a matter of preference. We suggest you try a few and Don quixote, see which one you like best. Good luck! Thank you very much for sharing!!
Very helpful!! Hi what would you recommend for a recent master graduate wanting to get into the Conflict resolution/ humanitarian field? Try out the ‘Elegant’ Template. Good luck on client service manager letter the job hunt! Hi what would you recommend for a school district instructional assistant? Or a childcare provider (lead teacher)? Recommendation for Don quixote something in the legal profession? Specifically pretrial services assessor? Didn’t see anything for research paper paralegals, either…
The resumes above are templates, but it sounds like you are looking for samples. Check out our paralegal resume sample, here: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/paralegal-resume-example. Good luck on the job hunt, Hi what would be a good resume for Don quixote someone with multiple skills.(Retail Management, Computer Repair and rome research paper, Maintenance , Low Voltage Tech, Lab Courier) We suggest trying the ‘Park’ template. Don Quixote. It offers plenty of space for rome research you to include all of your skills. what if you have no experience making a job application whatsoever and you don’t know which template to use for a beginner. For a beginner, our ‘Classic’ is always a solid choice. Don Quixote. Good luck on the job hunt! Any of the godel thesis, resumes above could be used for someone with a criminal history, but if we had to choose we’d suggest the Don quixote, ‘Chicago.’ Also, you should check out our tips on how to address criminal history in a cover letter: https://resumegenius.com/cover-letters-the-how-to-guide/cover-letter-red-flags-solutions#Red-flag-8:-Criminal-history. Try using the sample, ‘Park’ template.
Good luck with finding an internship! We suggest the ‘Milano.’ Don’t forget to check out Don quixote, our Pharmacist resume: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/pharmacist-resume-example Good luck on the internship. What resume would you recommend for coursework a Human Resource Manager with 5 years of experience. What kind of Don quixote, resume would you recommend for someone changing careers from a lower tier job to a more career building one? The ‘Park’ template would be an appropriate choice. Coursework. Good luck with the Don quixote, career change. which template wouldb good for construction,HVAC?
We’d suggest going with the presentions, ‘Modern’ template. Best of luck finding an HVAC job. which template would i use? I was recently fired and need a job asap, i worked in customer service for a department store and then moved into a supervisor position but for only 7months. My previuos jobs were a ups helper and Don quixote, a busser at a resturaunt. Go with the ‘Milano’ template.
Good luck! What template would you suggest to use? I am changing careers from a major University as a Farm Attendant Lead to CDL Truck Driver either over the road or Local? Try going with the ‘Milano’ template. Good Luck! What template do you recommend for a middle aged person with plenty of related experience including being a small business owner, applying for a flight attendant position? You should visit our nurse resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/nursing-resume-example.
You can download the argumentative essay, example and fill in your own information. Hi, what kind of resume template you recommend for Don quixote a engineer with 4 years of experience?. which resume would you recommend for presentions college student applying for jobs with no experience. Hi, what kind of Don quixote, resume will you recommend for a college student, applying for a job. which resume would you recommend for a fashion merchandiser/executive assistant stay at godel home mom returning to work? Good luck on the job hunt! which resume do you recommend for Don quixote an budding flight attendant career? Thanks for kurt this! I’ll use the Harvard Resume Template. #128578; Hey there Rayhan, The key to writing a resume fresh out of Don quixote, college without work experience is to:
2. Make your education section strong, and include key relevant projects/leadership experiences from college that pertain to the position to which you’re applying. Good luck with your job search! Hey there Aditya, I’d recommend the Classic B W template for media violence your resume. Don Quixote. It’s a nice standard look — nothing too fancy, but it gets the job done. Good luck! With all of thesis, that experience, you have some flexibility!
When in doubt, the reverse-chronological is a good choice. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/chronological-samples-writing-guide. Enjoy the Don quixote, fresh start, and best of luck with the job application! Which resume would your recommend for rome research applying for a position in a company that you currently work in that is merging? All staff must re-apply. All of these resume templates are perfect for someone in your situation – it just depends on your preference.
Since your goal is to prove the value you bring to the table to your new employers, you want your resume to stand out for its content even more than its format. Things that are quantifiable (think numbers, dollar signs, etc.) give your resume weight – check out the following link for some ideas to make the Don quixote, content of sample, your resume stand out: https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/accomplishments-on-resume-quantify-achievements. Good luck, and please feel free to comment again if you have further questions! I would suggest that you first decide which type of Don quixote, resume best suits your situation, then choose a matching template. Check out this link and see if one jumps out at you: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/ Good luck with your career! I’d first recommend checking out kurt, this page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example.
Put your skills to the test, and Don quixote, learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is coursework a couple yards short of Don quixote, a touchdown. Rome Research Paper. There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template.
Need a resume template? Feel free to Don quixote, download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. Resume Builder Comparison | Resume Genius vs.
LinkedIn Labs. What are the differences between the rome research paper, major online resume builders? Here's an in Don quixote depth analysis of what. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on essays on puerto identity some of the world's leading online and Don quixote, offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market.
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1984 newspeak essay Written February 27, 2000; Modified May 9, 2000. If you quote or paraphrase from my essay, please give me due credit. Language as the #147;Ultimate Weapon#148; in Nineteen Eighty-Four. George Orwell, like many other literary scholars, is interested in the modern use of the English language and, in Don quixote particular, the abuse and misuse of English. He realises that language has the power in media violence politics to mask the Don quixote truth and mislead the public, and rome, he wishes to increase public awareness of this power. He accomplishes this by Don quixote, placing a great focus on Newspeak and the media in presentions his novel Nineteen Eighty-Four . Demonstrating the repeated abuse of language by Don quixote, the government and by the media in presentions his novel, Orwell shows how language can be used politically to deceive and manipulate people, leading to a society in which the people unquestioningly obey their government and mindlessly accept all propaganda as reality. Language becomes a mind-control tool, with the ultimate goal being the destruction of will and imagination. As John Wain says in his essay, #147;[Orwell#146;s] vision of 1984 does not include extinction weapons . Don Quixote. . . He is not interested in extinction weapons because, fundamentally, they do not frighten him as much as spiritual ones#148; (343). Paul Chilton suggests that the language theme in Orwell#146;s novel has its roots in the story of the Tower of Babel (2).
When God destroys the Towel of coursework sample Babel, the civilizations which have contributed to the construction of the Don quixote Tower suffer ever-after from the Curse of Confusion. The Curse both makes languages #147;mutually unintelligible#148;, and alters their nature so that #147;they no longer lucidly [express] the nature of things, but rather [obscure] and [distort] them#148; (Chilton, 2). Orwell#146;s Newspeak , the coursework ultra-political new language introduced in Nineteen Eighty-Four , does precisely that: it facilitates deception and Don quixote, manipulation, and its purpose is to restrict understanding of the presentions real world. Don Quixote. Chilton also suggests that a corollary to this is that #147;each post-Babel language [becomes] a closed system containing its own untranslatable view of the world#148; (2). Certainly, the ultimate aim of Newspeak is to enclose people in an orthodox pseudo-reality and isolate them from the real world.
Whereas people generally strive to expand their lexicon, the government in Nineteen Eighty-Four actually aims to cut back the Newspeak vocabulary. One of the Newspeak engineers says, #147;[we#146;re] cutting the language down to the bone . . Argumentative Media Violence. . Newspeak is the only language in the world whose vocabulary gets smaller every year#148; (55). By manipulating the language, the government wishes to Don quixote, alter the public#146;s way of thinking. This can be done, psychologists theorise, because the words that are available for the purpose of communicating thought tend to influence the presentions way people think. The linguist Benjamin Lee Whorf was a firm believer in this link between thought and language, and he theorised that #147;different languages impose different conceptions of reality#148; (Myers 352).
So when words that describe a particular thought are completely absent from a language, that thought becomes more difficult to think of and communicate. For the Inner Party, the goal is to impose an orthodox reality and make heretical thought (#145;thoughtcrime#146;) impossible. #147;In the end we shall make thoughtcrime literally impossible,#148; explains the Newspeak engineer, #147;because there will be no words in which to express it#148; (55). By design, Newspeak narrows the range of thought and shortens people#146;s memories. It is therefore ideal for Don quixote a totalitarian system, in which the government has to rely on a passive public which lacks independent thought and which has a great tolerance for mistakes, both past and present. #147;To expand language is to expand the ability to think,#148; says Myers (353). Conversely, to restrict language, as with Newspeak, is to service manager cover letter, restrict the range of thought. Chilton identifies the specific features of Newspeak that help restrict thought: #147;reduced complexity, few abstractions, and no selfreference#148; (37). Such narrowed public thought is what the Inner Party prefers, because a public that lacks the ability to Don quixote, think vividly poses less of a threat than one that can readily criticise the government and defend itself from harm. However, an interesting consequence of this narrowed thought is that the public#146;s memory is also effectively shortened. Paper. #147;The Inner Party [deprives] people of their own words and in so doing, deprives them of memory#148; (Lewis and Don quixote, Moss 51).
After O#146;Brien forces Winston to embrace Ingsoc, for instance, Winston#146;s imagination decays and coursework sample, he #147;[can] no longer fix his mind on any one subject for more than a few moments at a time#148; (301). Winston, like the majority of the public, suffers when he is Don quixote robbed of his words and thoughts. Consequently, #147;memory, with its attendant richness and presentions, variety, atrophies#148; since #147;memories die when they go unrehearsed in words#148; (Lewis and Moss 51). Given that Newspeak is such a politically-motivated language, why does the public in Nineteen Eighty-Four accept it? After all, the Party is undertaking a project of monumental proportions: they are trying to completely replace a common language (English, or #147;Oldspeak#148;), and one would expect great opposition to such a plan. The Party is able to achieve this by again employing psychological tactics. Instead of forcing the public to use Newspeak by law, the Don quixote Party ensures that the public is immersed in the new language. Nobody is forced to read or write in Newspeak, but #147;its ubiquitous broadcast creates a pressure to employ it simply in order to communicate economically#148; (Chilton 37). Orwell#146;s novel paints a nightmarish picture of a totalitarian system gone to the absolute extreme, but it is a novel that is client cover fundamentally about psychological control of the public.
Of course, the Party does employ torture as part of Don quixote its control regimen, but the kurt thesis psychological control tactics are the Don quixote dominant ones in the novel. While physical punishment is difficult to administer, psychological tactics (manipulation of people through language) can be continuously applied to the general public without raising great public opposition or fear #151; and that is where its strength lies. It is for argumentative essay violence this reason that #147;Newspeak rather than torture is Don quixote planned as the way to erase thoughtcrime#148; (Stansky 88). However, while Newspeak is a very significant method of godel thesis mind control through language, it is just a part of Don quixote a greater Inner Party scheme. It is, in fact, the rome paper Party-controlled media in the novel that expertly uses Newspeak as well as other linguistic trickery to spread its propaganda and brainwash the public. The media is powerful as a tool for manipulation both because the public is widely exposed to it, and also because the Don quixote public trusts it. The telescreens continuously shout bursts of essays on puerto identity news and propaganda throughout the day, and Don quixote, the people listen intently and cheer at #145;good news#146; (victories) and are driven to rage by #145;bad news#146;. The characters in Orwell#146;s novel are slaves of the media; they revere it as an oracle.
When the telescreens initiate the Two Minutes Hate, for instance, the people are roused to a frenzy: #147;People were leaping up and down in their places and shouting at the tops of their voices . . Rome Paper. . Don Quixote. [a girl] had begun crying out media violence, #145;Swine! Swine! Swine!#146;#148; (16). Don Quixote. Certainly, in Nineteen Eighty-Four , #147;[media information] does control some of the ways in kurt thesis which [people] think about and assess the world#148; (Lewis and Moss 47). The Party is interested in masking the truth, and so the media manipulates language to present a distorted reality. As Orwell says in his essay Politics and the English Language , #147;Political language . . . is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind#148; (150). In the novel, these lies are quite obvious.
For example, the media (controlled by the Party, of course) continually refers to Don quixote, the Ministries of Truth, Peace, Love, and Plenty. In reality, however, the coursework Ministry of Truth is concerned with the falsification of records, and the Ministry of Peace deals with warfare. The Ministry of Love is #147;the really frightening one#148; (6) as it is essentially a place for the questioning and Don quixote, torturing of suspected criminals. The Ministry of Plenty makes up economic figures to convince the public that the economy is in good shape, even though there are great shortages of all commodities due to the war. Although the irony in the titles is blatantly obvious, Orwell is making a point about how the media can use language to client service manager, mask the truth. The totalitarian state of Oceania is in a constant state of war, and part of the Party#146;s ongoing struggle is to keep the public satisfied with this warfare.
If the public were dissatisfied, they would resent the shortage of food and Don quixote, other commodities and possibly rebel against the Party. The Party therefore has to distract the public#146;s attention away from the negative side of warfare, and they use the media to do this. By using only language that carries neutral or positive connotations to talk about anything related to rome research, war, the media successfully soothes an Don quixote otherwise resentful public. For instance, the thesis media never reports on the #147;twenty or thirty [rocket bombs] a week falling on London#148; (28), but rather inundates peoples#146; lives with good news about victories. Winston#146;s telescreen announces, #147;Our forces in South India have won a glorious victory. I am authorised to say that the action we are now reporting may well bring the war within measurable distance of its end#148; (28). Similar reports follow throughout the entire novel, constantly celebrating the capture of enemies and Don quixote, the conquering of new territories, but never admitting any kind of defeat. In many ways, the media is relying on the principle that a piece of information that is repeated often enough becomes accepted as truth. Research. Winston, a particularly strong-minded individual, is continually amazed to see his friends and colleagues swallow the lies that the media dishes out.
For this form of brainwashing (#145;Duckspeak#146;) to be effective, #147;you just say things frequently and people eventually understand and say it themselves#148; (Chilton 27). This brainwashing is done through the words of the telescreens, newspapers and magazines. The media is skilled at Don quixote, engineering #145;truth#146; through language, and one of the most disturbing consequence of this developed in the novel is that the Party has ultimate control over coursework sample, history. After all, language is the Don quixote link to history. Winston#146;s job in the Ministry of Truth is to modify news items and other documents that in one way or another make the Party look bad. After he replaces an original document with the modified one, all the on puerto identity originals are destroyed. Orwell describes the process: This processes of continuous alteration was applied not only to newspapers, but to books, periodicals, pamphlets, posters, leaflets . . . Day by day and almost minute by minute the Don quixote past was brought up to godel thesis, date. In this way every prediction made by the Party could be shown by documentary evidence to Don quixote, have been correct; nor was any item of presentions news, or any expression of opinion, which conflicted with the needs of the moment, ever allowed to remain on Don quixote, record. (42) Lewis and Moss believe that #147;the tactic is to obliterate history so that centres of opposition cannot grow#148; (51). Orwell shows us evidence that this tactic is rome research working: even the main character, who knows exactly what is going on with the falsification of documents, has trouble recalling who Oceania is really at Don quixote, war with at the present. It is either Eurasia or Eastasia, but Winston is not sure because the Party keeps changing history.
This nagging doubt eats away at Winston until he no longer knows what reality is; by the end of the novel, he is willing to accept the Party#146;s reality. Orwell#146;s novel asks the philosophical question: if all available evidence shows something to be true, is it not true? Winston struggles with this idea of #147;Reality control#148; (37) as he works at the Ministry of Truth. #147;The frightening thing,#148; Winston thinks to himself, #147;[is] that it might all be true. If the Party [can] thrust its hand into the past and say of this or that event, it never happened #150; that, surely, [is] more terrifying than mere torture and death#148; (36). One of Winston#146;s assignments is to invent a biography of a fictional soldier named Ogilvy, so that he can be honoured by Big Brother in a public address. Paper. After writing the description of Ogilvy#146;s life, Winston marvels at how #147;once the act of forgery [is] forgotten, [Ogilvy will] exist just as authentically, and upon the same evidence, as Charlemagne or Julius Caesar#148; (50). As well as altering the Don quixote past by manipulating written language, the Party has an ingenious plan to break the link with the real past by introducing a language barrier. When #147;all real knowledge of Oldspeak [disappears] . . Argumentative. . the whole literature of the Don quixote past will have been destroyed#148; (56). After a few generations, when people are no longer capable of decoding information from the past, there will no longer even be a need to censor the kurt history that has the potential for breeding unorthodox ideas #151; it will be completely out of the public#146;s reach. Thus, the manipulation of language and text not only effects the present, but also the past and future in more than one way. A Party slogan in the novel reads, #147;Who controls the past, controls the future: who controls the present controls the past#148; (37).
Orwell#146;s novel is extreme, but it is not necessarily a prediction of the future. Rahv believes that the Don quixote book#146;s #147;importance is mainly in its powerful engagement with the godel thesis present#148; (183). Indeed, politicians have used written language to manipulate history both in the past and present. There was much distortion of history during the Stalinist era, #147;when such standard works of misinformation as the Soviet Encyclopaedia changed constantly with the party line, so that in successive editions Trotsky was first the hero of the Don quixote Civil War, then an agent of the Mensheviks, and the western powers#148; (Woodcock 177). Essays On Puerto Rican. Patrick Wright suggests that the issue is still very much alive in the late twentieth century, citing as an example #147;[the British Secretary for Don quixote Education, who] refused a number of proposed syllabus systems for the teaching of history in schools, finding them insufficiently assiduous in their promotion of the mythical, rather than simply historical, values of national unity and pride#148; (111). Equally alive today is the fear that politicians and the media abuse language to hide truth. Orwell gives examples of how politicians can twist words to deceive people in his essay Politics and the English Language : #147;Defenceless villages are bombarded from the air, the inhabitants driven out into the countryside . . . this is sample called pacification . Don Quixote. Millions of peasants are robbed of their farms and sent trudging along the roads with no more than they can carry: this is called transfer of population or rectification of frontiers #148; (148).
Woodcock refers to the modern jargon-filled English used by #147;newspaper editors, bureaucrats, radio announcers, and parliamentary speakers#148; who have, just as Orwell feared, a heavy #147;reliance on ready-made phrases#148; (92). Even more disturbing, in the twenty-first century we have now a rapidly growing, major industry based solely upon the manipulation of language and kurt thesis, thought: advertising. Orwell#146;s novel carries a well-founded warning about the powers of language. It shows how language can shape people#146;s sense of reality, how it can be used to conceal truths, and Don quixote, even how it can be used to manipulate history. #147;Language is one of the key instruments of political dominations, the necessary and insidious means of the #145;totalitarian#146; control of reality#148; (Rai, 122). While language in the traditional sense can expand horizons and presentions, improve our understanding of the world, Orwell#146;s novel demonstrates that language, when used in Don quixote a maliciously political way, can just as easily become #147;a plot against argumentative essay violence, human consciousness#148; (Rahv, 182). Chilton, Paul. Orwellian Language and the Media . London: Pluto Press, 1988. Lewis, Florence and Peter Moss.
The Tyranny of Language in Nineteen Eighty-Four in 1984 . Don Quixote. Aubrey, Crispin and research, Paul Chilton, eds. London: Comedia Publishing Group, 1983. 45-57. Myers, David G. Psychology . 4 th ed. Don Quixote. Holland: Worth Publishers, 1986. Orwell, George.
Nineteen Eighty-Four . London: Penguin Books, 1990. - - - . Rome Research. Politics and the English Language in Don quixote Nineteen Eighty-Four: Text, Sources, Criticism . Ed. Irving Howe. New York: Harcourt, Brace World, Inc., 1963. Presentions. 143-50. Rahv, Philip.
The Unfuture of Utopia in Nineteen Eighty-Four: Text, Sources, Criticism . 181-5. Rai, Alok. Orwell and the politics of despair: A critical study of the writings of George Orwell . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. Stansky, Peter, ed. On Nineteen Eighty-Four . New York: W. H. Freeman and Company, 1983. Wain, John. Essays on Literature and Ideas - George Orwell (1) in Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism Vol. 6 . 343-4. Woodcock, George.
Orwell#146;s Message: 1984 and the Present . Madeira Park: Harbour Publishing Co. Ltd, 1984. Wright, Patrick. The Conscription of History in Nineteen Eighty-Four in Don quixote 1984 . Coursework Sample. 105-14.
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essay on foreign aid The Power of Independent Thinking. The Curse of Don quixote, Foreign Aid. Student Winner. Third Prize ($1000) 2.1. What is wealth. 2.2. How wealth emerges. 2.3.
How private property boots wealth. 3.1. A reinforcement of presentions, wealth creation. 3.2. Common criticisms. 3.3. Some empirical results. 4.1. Two kinds of Don quixote, interventionism. 4.2. African case. 5.1. Sample! Food and clothes. 5.4. National industry subsidizing. 5.5. Public Works.
#147;Is foreign aid the solution to global poverty?#148; Today#146;s world economy is filled with contrasts. While in some regions we find people dying of starvation, in others the concern about consumption becoming too high to be sustainable is Don quixote taping shape. These sharp differences have prompted some populists and ideologists to blame the rich for the misery of the poor and to kurt godel thesis ask for international redistributions of wealth. It is Don quixote easier to find opulent societies guilty of having plundered underdeveloped communities than to explain why some people can prosper and other cannot. And it is also easier to media simply imagine that one can improve poor peoples#146; lives by removing wealth from one place and putting it elsewhere than implementing the ideas that one would have to develop after reflecting seriously. Thus if we want to analyse why some societies are poor and whether some proposals are consistent with wealth creation, we must begin to understand the underlying conditions that make this wealth possible. Therefore our essay will be organised in four sections. The first one is Don quixote devoted to the definition of wealth, its foundation and its economic sources.
Afterwards, we will study which are the implications of globalization on the sources of wealth. Thirdly, we will examine why its conditions are not universally fulfilled and how this fact explains poverty. And finally we will criticize foreign aid as a mean to achieve development. 2.1 What is wealth? Human being act purposely to achieve ends. A human being needs means to fill the gap between his current state of affairs and his desired state of affairs. As long as he obtains the kurt godel thesis proper means he shortens the subjective distance between his action and his end. We can thus say that an individual is richer than another if he is Don quixote closer to fulfilling his ends, and this will depend on the quantity and the quality of his means.
Under this perspective, wealth is the relative abundance of manager, suitable means in relation to one#146;s ends. This may appear a very simple definition, but we can extract some important corollaries which distinguish it from other definitions of wealth, avoiding popular misinterpretations. First of all, wealth is directly related to individual ends. One person can be richer than another if he can satisfy better his ends even with a smaller endowment of means. This does not mean that men without ends are the Don quixote richest, but that one cannot consider that the size of the wealth is equal to the size of the endowment of properties. People with hard-to-realize ends need by definition more means to achieve them and thus one should not consider necessarily this greater abundance as a sign of higher wealth. In other words, action plans should be traced by kurt thesis the individuals who must perform them.
Obtaining the same good can represent little wealth to some and Don quixote, too much (too costly to be obtained) to another. Secondly, one should not only consider the manager direct means that satisfy the ends, but also the entire production process that enables the Don quixote achievement of those direct means. Action plans are so highly complex in that they involve many productive stages. Consumption goods are just the final stage and presentions, thus all previous stages that allow individuals to produce consumption goods are also considered wealth. Therefore, capital must be included in our definition.
But if we recall the previous point, we can understand that it must be capital designed through individual plans: the Don quixote correct proportion between consumption goods and capital goods is given by individual time preference. Client Service Manager Cover Letter! Forcing capital accumulation (or capital consumption) means banning the Don quixote achievement of the most valued ends and thus the destruction of manager cover letter, wealth. Thirdly, wealth depends on Don quixote the availability of means; those which cannot be used by any agent should not be considered wealth. That obviously excludes from godel thesis, our definition such terms as #147;natural wealth#148;, which tries to Don quixote compare wealth with the abundance of natural resources. Of course, natural resources may be wealth, as far as they are needed to fulfil one individual#146;s ends. However, only those natural resources which are currently available are wealth. World inhabitants are not richer by the fact that planet#146;s core is formed by thesis iron and nickel. We cannot still extract those minerals and that makes them useless. Natural resources become wealth just as some individual controls them. This is in Don quixote fact related to our previous remark. We have to service consider wealth as the whole chain of our plans: of course natural resources are wealth when we use them, but also those capital goods which open the path for their availability.
A community can live on the hugest deposits of natural resources. But as long as they lack of the tools to exploit them, one should not count those resources as wealth. Until now, we have defined wealth and sketched some of its characteristics: it is a set of available means inserted in the plans of an Don quixote, actor to fulfil his ends. From now on we are going to analyse which are the conditions that make possible its creation and reproduction. 2.2 How wealth emerges. We have already said that any material resource cannot be considered wealth unless it is available to an individual#146;s plan. We should distinguish between two kinds of availability: physical and legal availability. Sample! The first one refers to Don quixote the material disposition of one mean; it is a factual relationship between the essays on puerto identity agent and Don quixote, the mean. Research! The second one implies having ultimate decision-making powers. Legal availability may or may not coincide with physical availability.
We can find cases where the person who has material contact with the resource is the one who has had the power of Don quixote, deciding its use. But we can also have cases where the individual who has the material disposition is not the one who has decided its destiny (for instance, a worker who follows an entrepreneurial plan may have the physical availability but as long as he follows the presentions wishes of the entrepreneur, he lacks legal availability.) If we take a closer look, we realize that legal availability is Don quixote not exactly equal to a right to decide. Insofar I want to omit any ethical analysis, I am not speaking about who should have the legal availability, but about who actually has it. Rome Research! For example, a thief who eats a stolen loaf of Don quixote, bread has had the power of last resort decision over that good (and thus its legal availability). In other words, legal availability is argumentative essay completely related with effectively inserting one mean in our plans (subjective side), while physical availability refers just to the material use of the resource (objective side). We could define a private property system as a society where original physical availability gives rise to original legal availability, which also includes the Don quixote power to be transferred (homesteading). Furthermore, those to whom the legal availability has been transferred must retain it either until it is further transferred or until the mean is consumed and perishes (enforceable voluntary agreements). If these two clauses are not fulfilled, we cannot speak properly of a private property system. Broadly speaking, when either homesteading or enforceable voluntary agreements fail, we have a third-way system and when both principles fail a socialist one. Our definitions are probably too superficial, but they highlight two kinds of interventionism: partial and total.
The first one influences the presentions assignment of legal availability (either at the beginning or in later stages) and the second one places every single mean of Don quixote, a society under the power of some people who has neither homestead it nor acquired it by client service manager enforceable voluntary agreements. Because of we have stressed the role of availability in our definition of wealth, we must now raise some conclusive remarks on who will enjoy the wealth in Don quixote each system: Private property system: People who make one resource available for its first time or who obtain that resource through a voluntary agreement have the power to decide its use. Wealth includes all those means originally or derivatively acquired. The conclusion is pretty obvious.
A private property system is a prerequisite for wealth creation. Without homesteading and enforceable voluntary agreements there is media violence no foundation for wealth, and Don quixote, almost every opportunity disappears or gets subjected to politicians#146; desires. 2.3. On Puerto Rican! How private property boots wealth. Once we know that private property is a prerequisite for wealth creation, we have to Don quixote explore the ways in which individuals arrive at that result in presentions a private property system. First of all it is necessary to recognize the fundamental role that cooperation#151;what is Don quixote more usually named #147;division of labor#148;#151;plays. Cooperation and argumentative media violence, division of labor benefits its participants in at Don quixote least three ways: economies of scale, diversification of abilities and kurt godel thesis, specialization. Economies of scale refer just to Don quixote that situation in which there are positive synergies from cooperation. Kurt Thesis! The output of two individuals working together is Don quixote greater than the coursework sample sum of Don quixote, their products when working in isolation. As division of thesis, labor goes, people can form associations to Don quixote collaborate among themselves for increasing the production of required means. In fact, there may be some products which cannot be obtained by autistic individuals.
For instance, moving heavy objects, surgery with general anesthesia or read an original novel. In these cases, the essays on puerto rican identity economies of scale derived from the whole system of division of Don quixote, labor are virtually infinite: two null outcomes sum a positive one. Diversification of client cover, abilities stems from the differences in capabilities among men. Some people are more skilled at some task than others. If individual A needs a mean x to reach his ends but has plenty of Don quixote, difficulties to get it, while individual B, who can produce it easily, has several problems in obtaining mean y, whose production A mastered, it is sensible to them to presentions cooperate. They both can profit from the different abilities of other people. Even if I am very unskilled at Don quixote a particular task, I still have options to achieve that task through cooperation. This leads us to the third benefit of division of labor: specialization. If people perform those tasks in which they are better, they could improve even further they skills and on puerto identity, increase their productivity. People such as geniuses could devote their time to research, as they do not need to grow food, tailor their cloths and teach their children.
Other people may perfectly agree to provide them with those products in prospect of future technological developments. We do not need to restrict this analysis to Don quixote the exchange of services, but we can generalize it as this process as an indirect exchange scheme, i.e. people create means, which are not directly needed for their own ends but for other people#146;s. Specialization can evolve till systematic production of one basket of goods which are hoped to be sold in the market. Everyone who wants to sample participate in this huge spontaneous organization#151;capitalists, workers, entrepreneurs or consumers#151;has to find his place looking for Don quixote profit opportunities. To do this people will employ economic calculation with historical market prices (as patterns of past exchanges) and their entrepreneurial sense. Decisions about what to produce (and what to consume), who to produce for essays rican (and who to buy from) and how to produce (and which are the Don quixote conditions of the purchase) modify the rome research previous productive structure. In developed economic societies, division of labor is totally dependent on consumer needs as forecast by entrepreneurs and capitalists.
Trade of goods and services become the Don quixote most powerful way by which cooperation and specialization are brought about. Without this free trade among individuals people would have to cooperate through the barter of on puerto rican identity, their abilities. Each person would have to Don quixote find another person who could help him and who wanted something in what he could be helped by the first. Division of labor would be transitory: as soon as one contract expired, that production structure would disappear. Specialization would be very rudimentary and the scope of media, cooperation would be limited to Don quixote the projects of the direct participants. What exchange allows is an argumentative, increase of the size of the division of Don quixote, labor to every person that participates in the market, even without being aware of kurt godel thesis, it, and to have individuals specialized in some production processes which have not been explicitly asked by Don quixote anyone. Then we get to the third stage of on puerto, economic development. When people know that they can sell some good continually in the market and buy other goods with the proceedings, it becomes profitable to Don quixote reduce the opportunity cost of that productive activity in order to retain as much revenue as possible. In fact, sales depend on consumer#146;s willingness to rome buy and that depends on offering some product better than other sellers. Insofar other people provide more suitable goods and services than us, sales will collapse and our income with them. Entrepreneurs are ready to immobilize part of their incomes in order to Don quixote have better productive methods.
Capital allows them to incorporate more machines and technologies, to start new business and to devote time to research and develop better products which aim at consumer#146;s needs. Division of argumentative essay media, labor through exchange makes capital accumulation possible: people know that their task is to Don quixote produce some goods and that their performance will be the presentions better the more capital they employ. They save part of their earnings to invest in Don quixote their previous production processes (amortization) or in new ones. This way, wealth is created in an asymptotic proportion. On the manager cover one hand, production of goods and services increases hugely#151;i.e. Don Quixote! more ends being achieved; on the other, we have more intermediate goods which are also wealth because of the reasons so far explained. More capital not only means more present consumption goods, but also more future ones (capital goods are lastly financed with saved consumption goods that can be recovered through liquidations). Societies get richer as far as their proportion of consumers goods in argumentative relation to capital goods gets smaller, although its absolute number grows. Probably it is in the case of investment where the necessity of private property is more clearly seen. People will only be disposed to spend resources in roundabout methods of production that take a considerable time to mature if it is Don quixote foreseeable that their proceeds will be retained by the owner. Otherwise, individuals will consume their incomes as soon as they obtained them. If private property is uncertain in the future, so will investment in godel thesis the present.
3.1 A reinforcement of wealth creation. We have so far analyzed what is wealth and how people organize themselves to Don quixote create it. Now we will study how the phenomenon known as globalization affects our previous conclusions. Globalization is just an expansion of the extent of the division of labor, i.e. an increase in cooperation among people, both in paper the number of participants and in the number of relationships. This change may have been motivated by several factors, such as reductions in transportation costs due to Don quixote better technology, an improvement of communications or a higher respect for private property (for instance, a reduction on trade barriers means allowing more enforceable contractual agreements among people located in different countries). But in any case, the presentions nature of globalization is the same wherever it comes about: the spontaneous division of labor adapts itself to the new capitalists, workers, entrepreneurs and consumers and becomes more wealth productive. A deeper and more extensive division of labor implies more economies of scale, wider range of individual abilities and Don quixote, more opportunities for specialization. Since entrepreneurs face a greater demand from the presentions new consumers, they can increase the size of their factories and Don quixote, reduce the average cost of production spreading it among more units. Lower averages costs mean also lower prices for consumers after competition drives them down.
A wider range of individual abilities diversifies the qualities and quantities of essays rican identity, suppliers: there are more people who can do more things. Very specific skills are more abundant and thus the Don quixote bargaining power and prices of specific local producers go down. Finally, thanks to the economies of scale and the greater number of abilities, specialization can be focused to very concrete issues, increasing thus productivity and creativity. All this leads to lower prices and more diversified means: consumers can buy more and paper, better commodities and thus reach more ends, i.e. more wealth is created. Increased trade among individuals is Don quixote just the external and visible way in which this new division of labor manifests itself. Essays On Puerto Rican Identity! However, before new trade patterns are developed, the exchanged commodities must be produced, what just can be done through changes in the structure of production. Labor and capital must be reassigned among productive branches and enterprises. When these companies are located in different countries, that process is Don quixote usually called migrations and capital movements respectively. It is commonly asserted that we could expect out of this process a tendency toward the essay media violence equalization of the incomes of factors of production.
But we should speak not about monetary incomes, but about subjective incomes. Employees not only look for higher wages that allow them to Don quixote acquire more mean but also for other factors such as location, simplicity, physical effort, psychical motivation, altruism, etc. These characteristics are also wealth, as long as they affect the means with which to presentions satisfy our ends. Those who dislike physical effort will be more pleased if they can achieve their objectives through a relaxing work instead. In fact, improving workplace conditions is another kind of remuneration that must be financed with capital. There is only one way by Don quixote which wages can be increased without destroying wealth, this is by increasing labor productivity. Labor productivity can only be increased through capital, either by more capital accumulation or by incorporating technological advances in the form of presentions, capital goods. The more capital an entrepreneur has, the Don quixote more productive methods that can be used and the higher wages that can be paid. Kurt Godel! However, capital accumulation is a very hard task. Capital is savings and to save one has to restrict its consumption.
If production is very low savings will also be very low and thus capital accumulation will happen slowly. This is where capitalist enter into the picture. Capital profitability is Don quixote determined by argumentative essay violence the rate of Don quixote, return, this is, profits over capital invested. As far as profits are just revenues minus costs and wages are a very important part of the service costs, hiring people who were earning a low salary increases capital rate of return. For instance, if I earn $11000 from my business and to run it I have to spend $10000 a year#150;out of which 5000 are wages#151;my rate of Don quixote, return is 10% (profits=1000, capital expenditure=10000). Rome Paper! If I could hire people who are willing to work for half of the previous wages, my rate of return pumps to 46%. The much higher profitability of the Don quixote low wage scheme will push entrepreneurs to hire those people who are willing to work for half of the previous wages and due to their competition, these wages will go up (and also high wages will tend to go down in order to find a work place). This is just wage arbitration among homogeneous workers. Entrepreneurs may have to incur in additional expenses in order to hire those low wage workers.
This can happen, for on puerto rican identity example, if it is Don quixote necessary for kurt thesis the production center to Don quixote relocate closer to where the essays rican people work. Likewise, we can illustrate it just changing the Don quixote above numbers a bit. If entrepreneurs can only reach those workers by paying 1000 extra dollars, rate of return will be around 30%, a figure which is lower than 46% but that it is still far higher than 10%. Coursework Sample! In other words, it is profitable to hire those low wage workers even with those expenses. Being that the Don quixote case, low wage workers are not condemned to a slow capital accumulation process when capitalists are near. Entrepreneurs will hire those low wage workers thanks to presentions their capital reserves and that will allow those workers to earn higher wages than they otherwise would earn. Up to this point, these workers can start saving increasing quantities of Don quixote, money and become themselves capitalists who continue the capital accumulation (and wealth creation) process. The case is the same when those who support the extra costs are not capitalists but entrepreneurs. Argumentative Media! With migrations entrepreneurs are not the Don quixote ones who seek workers; it is the workers who seek entrepreneurs, and the ones assuming the costs Instead of capital looking for godel lower wages, those earning low wages are looking for higher productivity. In any case, the Don quixote capitalist#146;s seek for profits allows workers to reach a more diversified supply of labor opportunities which makes possible better combinations of their job preferences with higher wage rates.
The resulting division of labor system will encompass all the benefits studied in letter the previous section but in a deeper form. This should help us to clear one common misunderstanding related to Don quixote the exceptional and unique character of globalization. As a legacy of German historicism and Marxist theory of coursework sample, History, globalization is Don quixote seen as a new stage in rican human development that requires some ad hoc economic theory. On the contrary, economic principles comprised in the previous section would be enough to describe globalization. There exist no particular economic laws which depend on historical contingencies. The prerequisite of Don quixote, private property and the profits from division of labor led by exchange and capital accumulation are an a priori truth apart from the concrete circumstances in kurt godel which they take place. When the extent of the Don quixote market increases, we just have a rescale of division of labor. There is no modification and no exception in the underlying economic laws. 3.2 Common criticisms. To many people globalization is just a process by which a minority plunders the majority.
It is a zero-sum game in which losers outnumber by far the presentions winners. Our analysis has proved that this is Don quixote not clearly the rome research paper case; every participant in the increased division of Don quixote, labor derived from globalization benefits. Anyway, in order to give a more solid ground to essay our conclusions, we are going to Don quixote address those critiques. The first misunderstanding comes from client, those who deny that division of labor is mutually beneficial in any case. If one person is better than another in everything, there would be no profitable exchange as far as the first individual can provide for himself all that he need. As there will not be any specialization, the first individual will monopolize all the production and will exclude the second one from the division of Don quixote, labor system. We may call it #147;the absolute advantage theory of trade#148;. The doctrine was already proved fallacious by David Ricardo when he explained that international trade was governed by comparative and sample, not absolute advantage. Don Quixote! If individual A can produce 10 television sets or 3 cars in 12 hours and individual B 8 televisions and 2 cars, then if both work in isolation and identity, try to diversify production, the Don quixote maximum output achievable in research a day would be: Individual A: 10 television sets and Don quixote, 3 cars.
Individual B: 8 televisions sets and 2 cars. Total output: 18 television sets and 5 cars. However if both cooperate and individual A specializes in TV production and individual B in car production, total output is given by: Individual A: 20 television sets. Individual B: 4 cars. Total output: 20 television sets and 4 cars. Now A can use their 10 extra cars to buy not only the client letter third car that would have produced in isolation but also a forth one that was not available to him.
B on the same way can use his two extra cars to buy 10 television sets, which represent two more than those that could produce in isolation. Trade is mutually beneficial in Don quixote physical terms for both individuals even when one of them does not have an absolute advantage in any good. As they devote their time in those projects in which they are better, global productivity increases. This physicalist approach is however just a particular case of a more general one: division of godel, labor is mutually beneficial with regard to subjective plans. Since time is scarce, every person must choose which activities to perform. People will tend to concentrate on the most valued activities and Don quixote, outsource less valued ones. But to coursework do that, any person must compare the cost of acquiring that activity in the market (this is, hire another person to do it) with the cost of Don quixote, performing it by himself. As long as the cost of performing that activity by himself is an opportunity cost (not performing by himself other activities), the individual will have always to research renounce to Don quixote perform some activities. Essays Rican! If the cost of being provided that non-performed activity by the market is inferior to the profits he derives from it, then there will be incentives for cooperation, even if that individual is absolutely superior in both tasks.
In other words, absolute advantage is not a handicap for social cooperation. Indeed, cooperation fosters wealth both by increasing productivity and by providing commodities which would not have been available otherwise. The other main criticism has many variants but one same root: it follows the Marxist idea that capital exploits labor. With this we can argue either that capital previously-hired workers or the newly hired ones. Let#146;s focus on the first idea. We have seen that in globalization there is a tendency toward the Don quixote equalization of incomes for homogeneous factors of production. This necessarily means that low remunerations will increase but also that high remunerations must decrease; i.e. Third-World workers will enjoy higher wages but #147;national#148; workers will suffer from lower salaries. The fallacy of research, this argumentation lies on Don quixote the implicit assumption that the only form of income for #147;national#148; workers is wages, what implies that national workers must remain national workers even when we are exporting capital (so they will not discover any profit opportunity for investing abroad). If being a capitalist becomes exceedingly profitable thanks to client service cover letter foreign low wage workers, there is Don quixote no reason to suppose that national workers cannot invest part of their savings to essay hire foreign workers.
In spite of the decreasing in their own wages, they can obtain additional income coming from Don quixote, capital investments. For example, an entrepreneur hires five high wage workers for $10000 each and coursework sample, sells his output for $60000. The rate of return of this investment will be 10000/50000=20%. If this entrepreneur discovers that he can hire low wage workers for $1000 $, he will fire his five high wage workers obtaining a return of 55000/5000=1100%. This is unmistakably a signal that more investment is needed in this sector and Don quixote, thus other capitalists and previous high wage workers can increase capital funds out of their savings.
For instance, the five workers might have saved $1500 each one from sample, his last salary and hire these low wage workers for that price. In that case, they could sell the output for Don quixote $60000, obtaining a profit of $52000 and kurt, a return of Don quixote, 52500/7500=700%. The entrepreneur could decide to essays rican invest his funds elsewhere or bid for the low wage workers for Don quixote a further higher salary. The first option will increase total output of the economy with respect to the previous situation (more wealth is godel thesis now created). The second one would leave the high wage workers with a new trade-off: to form a cooperative and compete with low wage workers or to become stockholders of a more capitalized enterprise that wants to enter in that sector.
In both cases, output will be increased and thus prices will be lower than otherwise. Finally, workers could also think not to be able to compete in that sector, and thus to invest his savings in Don quixote satisfying the essays on puerto identity additional demand that will come out of the huge profits of his previous employer. Recall that when the entrepreneur hired high wage workers he obtained a profit of $10000 $, but now he is gaining $55000, this is 45000 extra dollars which will be devoted either to consumption or to savings. Both decisions create an additional demand either for consumption or for capital goods that could be satisfied by the investment of his previous employees. Of course, in every case previous high wage workers could still look for another job which paid them a slightly lower salary with which to complement his investment returns. Newly, more output and thus more wealth is created. We can summarize our conclusions in the following scheme.
When one entrepreneur finds new low wage workers, fired ones can: 7.1. Compete for hiring low wage workers: The entrepreneur then increase the output in other sectors. 7.2. Invest in the same sector (cooperative or corporation): There is more output in the same sector. 7.3. Invest in Don quixote the new sector that emerges from entrepreneurial profits: There is either more consumption or more capital goods. 7.4. Look for on puerto rican identity new jobs: More output in other sectors. As we see, the Don quixote net result of the essays on puerto rican identity appearance of new workers is to increase total wealth: there is a greater quantity and variety of consumption and capital goods and then lower prices. Whether this wealth will be redistributed to workers in Don quixote a higher proportion than their preceding income is research paper a question that cannot be answered a priori.
The point is that if they act properly#151;by inserting themselves into the more complex division of labor system and aiming to solve other people#146;s needs#151;they can be clearly better off as there has been created more wealth. This conclusion is equally valid when we talk in aggregate terms. Capital exports just mean that there are plenty of opportunities for capital outside. If workers want to remain just workers without trying to Don quixote take advantage of those opportunities, it is sample possible that, despite the fall in prices, they get worse off. However this would just represent a shortcoming in grasping which the Don quixote necessities of people are: when there are individuals willing to work for a low salary what is needed is more capital, not higher wages. The other common objection to globalization is coursework sample just the opposite of this one. Capitalists still exploit workers, but this time foreign ones. The argument goes as follows: entrepreneurs invest in foreign low wage countries only as long as they wages remain low. When their wages begin to rise, capital goes outside the country (hot money) looking for other low wage zones.
This argument is much simplistic than the Don quixote earlier. The implicit assumption is that there will always be enough lower wage workers to satisfy entrepreneurial (consumer) needs which will offset wage increases. Unfortunately, labor is the only real scarce factor of production and as capital is accumulated, labor must receive increasing remunerations, at least in real terms. But even if we considered the thesis assumption true for a moment, the conclusion would be incorrect. In order to Don quixote hire a worker an entrepreneur has to offer him a subjective income higher than the essays on puerto rican preceding one. Don Quixote! The more this extra payment lasts the more opportunities for saving the worker has. One entrepreneur could disinvest from one country after having stayed there five years, but during that period their workers could have become capitalists who invest by themselves (and this includes the ability to hire that infinite bunch of lower wage workers that is supposed to presentions exist). 3.3 Some empirical results. Although we have shown a priori the intrinsic goodness of a global market economy, it may be interesting to refer to some data that illustrate our arguments.
Xavier Sala-i-Martin has performed some empirical research that show that the number of Don quixote, poor people#151;defined as those who earn less than $826 a year#151;has diminished from 1200 millions to 800 in the period 1970-2000. The results are far more impressive if we take into account that world population has doubled in that period and that thus poverty in relative terms has gone down from essays on puerto rican identity, 37% of world population to 13%. These results are pretty similar to Don quixote those of Surjit Bhalla who suggests that poverty#151;$2 a day#151;has fallen 60% to 23%. Furthermore, Sala-i-Martin also offers data regarding other indicators that point in the direction of media violence, growing wealth. Life expectancy has increased from 60 to 67 years, child mortality has fallen from 10% to 6%, literacy has grown from 64 to 80% and access to Don quixote potable water has risen from 25% to 80%. Both authors coincide in one point: there has been on part of the world which has not taken advantage from globalization, i.e.
Africa. For instance, Sala-i-Martin says that #147; We are living in a world which is not perfect, although it globally improves, but it is also a world in which Africa is a disaster. The question is who to blame: Africa or globalization #148;. Similarly, Bhalla states that: Zero 2$ is likely in all parts of the World in 2015, except in sub-Saharan Africa. Client Service! This region#146;s share of the world#146;s poor people is expected to rise from 36% today to almost 90% in 2015. Our target in Don quixote the next section will be to explain how wealth can be destroyed, looking at particular policies that have isolated African people from globalization. 4.1 Two kinds of interventionism. Up to this point, we have studied which are the foundations and representations of wealth: private property and division of essays on puerto, labor manifested through commodities exchanges and capital investment. However we have also seen that in some parts of the world#151;Africa#151;people has been systematically unable to Don quixote create wealth.
The fundamental reason behind this fact is, as we have already seen, the systematic violation of property rights that blocks division of labor, exchange and capital accumulation. This violation may come either from manager cover letter, a State which explicitly abolishes private property or from a state of affairs in which legal availability is not generally respected. Don Quixote! In these cases people would lack incentives to cooperate in essays on puerto rican identity a huge scale division of labor, as long as very long-term plans would be subjected to Don quixote the arbitrary decision of another person or group of people. Systematic interventionism creates alternative networks of presentions, labor to those that would have prevailed in Don quixote a free market. It tries to either impose one central plan or to combine it with the supposed plans of argumentative violence, its participants. During the time in which this alternative networks function, any other association is perceived as sabotage of the central plan: people who do not summit are hampering the collectivist organization. As we see, individuals cannot adjust their plans as they could made in a market economy. No more than the Don quixote people who are endowed with the legal availability over all the resources is capable to modify the individual#146;s position in the network. No profit opportunity can be detected precisely because no profit opportunity exists: individuals cannot follow their own plans and on puerto rican identity, thus no one can find any end to be satisfied.
Exchange cannot take place and Don quixote, capital accumulation makes no sense. It is the client service manager letter State who decides how much is saved and consumed and how savings must be spent to create machines, materials and other productive structures. Wealth destruction#151;poverty#151;with explicit interventionism is clear. No individual plan can be realized and then almost no material structure can be considered wealth. Just those consumer goods that central planning board gives to people and which coincide by chance with some of their ends will lastly be considered wealth. Neither division of labor schemes nor productive structures could be considered wealth, since they block other higher ranked ends and Don quixote, means that could be achieved by individuals in absence of coercion. Asystematic interventionism is equally destructive of wealth, but its manifestation is a bit different. We may have a State whose discretionary behaviour lacks of a rule of action with respect to manager letter legal availability. In this context, people would be led by their expectations of coercion. Don Quixote! If they foresee that they will be deprived in the future of the legal availability over their means, they will shorten their plans until the coursework sample point in which they hope to Don quixote be able to use their means. The reason is godel thesis obvious: means only Don quixote derive value from their ability to satisfy individual ends, if those means are stolen before they can be used, they lose all their value.
Shortening the number of stages in individual plans has a precautionary effect against coercion. If the period between means creation and coursework, means consumption is very short, asystematic violence is less likely to occur; it has less time to materialize. The longer the Don quixote period of the plan, the higher the probability of asystematic interventionism to happen, even if we considered that a given government is service not a priori very willing to coerce people. So far we can already say that the effect of asystematic interventionism is always to shorten the number of stages of people#146;s plans and we know that among the Don quixote longer there are always more productive plans, which implies a narrow margin for social cooperation and for capital investment. When we fulfill our ends through the division of essay media violence, labor, we place other people#146;s ends as a mean of ours. This human cooperation can be done horizontally (an association of Don quixote, various people who try to satisfy other person#146;s ends) or vertically (I satisfy the needs of coursework, another person which in turn were the means for satisfying a third person ends). Asystematic interventionism affects both those horizontal associations with a high number of Don quixote, stages or vertical associations that by definition have more than one stage. The fact that the more time-consuming structures are the rome research paper ones that are most damaged also implies that capital accumulation (which could be use to finance this time-consuming structure while they did not mature) will also be strongly diminished. The range of division of labor is greatly reduced and resources are normally consumed as one gets them because there is no investment opportunity. A society can suffer both systematic and asystematic interventionism. The scope of the first one determines the extension of the division of labor: more systematic interventionism means a smaller division of labor organization.
The hardness and regularity of the second increases the uncertainty over legal availability and Don quixote, thus the complexity of the division of service manager, labor that remained outside systematic interventions. Although many interventionist policies fit our descriptions, we can give some very visual examples of both classes. Taxes and regulations are kinds of systematic interventionism. Wars, inflation and expropriations are examples of the asystematic one. Taxes imply that some people spend wealth without having created it, i.e. there is a complete loss of Don quixote, legal availability over resources. People have worked for the government and thus we may consider that all the efforts so devoted were part of client service cover, a coercive plan conceived by Don quixote the State. A 100% tax would mean socialism, this is, the coursework complete planning of individual actions. Regulations force or prevent some actions to Don quixote happen. Manager Cover Letter! In this sense, it is a sort of Don quixote, construction of rome paper, society and cooperation. If people have to act in some way, they cannot act in another that may be more profitable for Don quixote their plans.
If people must not act in some way, the potential area for cooperation is restricted. Wars may generate a huge uncertainty over the future legal availability of resources, specially when defence competences have been expropriated and monopolized without giving individuals the possibility of choosing their most preferred defender. Essay Violence! During a war, insecure people try to provide themselves as fast as possible with the Don quixote most elementary consumption and protective goods. There is no place for presentions long term investments. Inflation, as the debasement of money, provokes a redistribution of the value of the currency, which complicates the possibility to Don quixote purchase of the desired consumption goods and which erodes savings. The consequences is clearly a tendency to sample buy consumption goods before its prices increase more and to transform savings into Don quixote, assets that do not loss value, even if they are very illiquid. Finally, expropriations mean the probability of losing a resource by governmental discretionary decision. The higher the subjective probability, the client service letter faster one will be willing to sell or consume the Don quixote resource.
Therefore, that means it will not enter into long-term plans. It is clear that any society that suffers from rome paper, any of these diseases must suffer from wealth destruction (impoverishment). Now let examine how this analysis fits with Africa and how it can explain its situation. Don Quixote! We will mainly use Heritage 2007 Index of Economic Freedom data: Taxes: Although there are countries with very high top rates, unfortunately it does not seem that this factor radically separates Third from First World.
This does not mean nevertheless that the African tax system does not destroy wealth: every resource appropriated coercively by research government as we have seen provokes this effect. African societies would do much better without it. If one had to sum up Africa#146;s main problem it would unquestionably be the lack of respect for property rights. Taxation, regulation, inflation and Don quixote, expropriation are clear attacks on private property that close any possibility for Africa to insert in rican the international division of labor. Mauritius, Botswana and South Africa are the South-African countries whose population is most prosperous and, according to Heritage, are also the three with more respect for property rights. We have identified a priori the disease. Don Quixote! We have shown that it fits with reality. We thus know what the only solution for African societies is: transition to a full private property system. Kurt! However, from Don quixote, many strata other solutions are proposed; we will devote our last section to analysis the viability of those ideas. Along this essay we have established that private property is both a sufficient and a necessary condition for wealth creation. It is sufficient because no other factor is kurt needed to reconcile individual plan in Don quixote a mutually beneficial cooperation scheme.
It is argumentative essay media necessary because without it no action or policy will be able to create wealth. Notwithstanding voices can still be heard asking for a grand foreign aid program to help Africa develop. Their proponents generally do not explain the concrete ways in which this aid will foster wealth; it is just assumed that it will. Although for a non-economist it might seem self-evident that money is wealth and that giving money to people can achieve them to be prosperous, these judgements are doubtfully valid and consistent. The Western observer tends to think with his backward experience, i.e. assuming that money is wealth because he has a bigger or smaller legal availability over it. The reasoning should be much different if we took into account that Africa is not stuck by the lack of resources, but by the lack of private property. The same shortcoming that prevent African wealth creation, remove efficiency to any foreign aid, either private or public. It may be useful to prove this point by examining the Don quixote ways in which foreign aid could be used and what would be their consequences.
Before of that, it is presentions necessary to clarify one point. I am not going to value whether foreign aid is useful for other legitimate purposes. My argumentation will just be concerned with development and wealth creation, this is, with the ability of individuals to fulfil increasing numbers of ends. Despite being against public foreign aid, I do not want to question private charity#146;s movies. I will just show that if the purpose of the donor is to help African people to be able to create wealth, it will simply not work in absence of private property. 5.1 Food and Don quixote, clothes. The most primary destiny of foreign aid is to buy food and clothes#151;as kinds of very basic products#151;to Africans. The relation of this use of aid with growth would be the following: starving people cannot prosper; if we feed them, they will have free time to create wealth. The reasoning has a problem of causality inversion. What we try to explain and solve is African poverty, one of whose signs is starvation. Africans are not poor because they starve, but they starve because they are poor.
Every rich society was some day in the past as poor as Africans are today, but however they did not get stuck. If Africans are so poor as to starve, the presentions reasons for this must be found elsewhere besides the symptoms. In case this kind of policy were implemented, receivers of Don quixote, food would be able to survive while the free food provision continued. They would not be able to sample create wealth by the same reasons they had not been able in the past. Don Quixote! And as soon as aid stopped, starvation would continue. Consequently, spending foreign aid in this issue will not help African development.
Mainstream interventionist economists have already recognized in presentions part our previous argument (mostly after the complete failure of foreign aid to Don quixote promote growth). Client Cover Letter! Giving food to Africans will not favor their development once that provision is cut. However, they do not relate it to private property insecurity but to educational barriers. The idea has been sum up in the motto #147; If you give a man a fish he will eat today but if you teach him to fish he#146;ll eat for Don quixote a lifetime #148;. Client! Foreign aid thus could be useful in promoting education and in this way African development. This reasoning still fails to recognize what the true problem is. African people already know how to fish or how to Don quixote grow their lands. It would be naive to presentions suppose that after centuries of having lived with the Don quixote Nature they do not know anything. The true point is that despite knowing how to fish they do not fish or at least they do not fish enough. In other words, they do not use their knowledge to form economic plans.
And they do not do that due to the reasons we have already sketched: there is essay media no l a private property system in Africa. Without private property there can be neither a truly productive division of labor (among fishermen) nor investments that assist them (ships, nets. ). No one want to put their very scarce resources in some projects that with high probability will be interrupted by force. Extensions of the argument are equally invalid. Educating technicians, physicians and other scientists will not attract foreign investment, for the reason that the problem is not in Don quixote the insufficient formation of client manager letter, African people, but in Don quixote the regulatory framework. Africa has already a comparative advantage in costs that is not currently exploited by foreign companies because of that framework. Rome Paper! Nothing would change with better education. In fact, the foreseeable consequence is that those scientists formed in Don quixote Africa emigrate to the First World, where they are required and where that kind of presentions, projects can be realized. A variant of the food case for Don quixote foreign aid is the demand for better health care. Argumentative Essay Violence! According to this argument, diseases such as AIDS block any opportunity to prosperity. If Africans had better health, they could create wealth.
The argument might be plausible if healthy African population would be able to get richer, but this is Don quixote not the case. Presentions! Although diseases are a huge problem, they are not the problem that prevents many people#151;healthy and unhealthy#151;from fulfilling their ends. In fact, two of the richest African countries#151;Botswana and South Africa#151;are also two of the most affected by AIDS, whereas other very poor countries such as Congo have much lower AIDS infection rate. 5.4 National industry subsidizing. Another part of the economic literature thinks that a Third World problem is the Don quixote lack of national industries which could sell in national and international markets since they are immediately swept away by more efficient multinational corporations. Some of them defend infant industries tariffs to protect national markets and others propose to subsidize the industries in order to compete in international ones; subsidies that could be paid with foreign aid. This argument completely misses the point.
Of course the lack of capital in essays on puerto Africa is an obstacle to the formation of competitive enterprises with a high performance. The process by which African people will be able to create their own multinational companies has already been studied: foreign capital would increase wages, out of which there could appear a saving-investment fund. Furthermore, as Africans became wealthier and solvent they could ask for foreign loans to start their own business. Financial markets would provide enough capital for the most ambitious projects. The problem is that foreign companies do not invest substantially in Don quixote Africa because what have seen before. Africans have to enter in presentions the international division of labor to supply now the goods and services which are required by consumers not by Don quixote politicians. There is no point in forcing the coursework appearance of industries that are far more inefficient that other competitors. It would just be a complete waste of resources, whose effects would be similar to the food and Don quixote, clothes argument: Africans employed in subsidised industries would receive a net transfer of income, but they would not be able to spend it productively while private property is under attack. The last possible justification for essay violence foreign aid is Don quixote public works. Paper! Government would be entitled to build all the Don quixote infrastructures the country needs to wake up. Once the equipment could be used, African people and thesis, foreign companies would start investing thanks to Don quixote the higher expected profitability of their projects.
The implicit assumption is that part of the sample poverty of Africa comes from its lack of some equipment, which only the State can provide. And this is the reason why it is false. Profit opportunities in Africa would be out there if government did not hamper the market. It is simply fallacious that if government do not provide people with infrastructures nobody else would; precisely because satisfying that need is in Don quixote itself a profit opportunity. But the problem of this proposal is the same than in previous cases.
If a private property system is not restored, no infrastructure would be of utility. Entrepreneurs will not be able to retain and control their gains and service cover letter, thus they will have no incentive to look for Don quixote those gains. Governmental expenditure would moreover constitute a case of systematic interventionism that reduces the extent of the presentions market and summits it to central planning orders. Resources would be allocated where the Don quixote State says and not where consumers need, making more difficult its insertion in the international division of client manager cover, labor. We have so far studied what wealth is, how it emerges and Don quixote, why some societies are unable to create it.
The main conclusion has been that private property is a sufficient and kurt thesis, a necessary condition for development. The second corollary is obviously that any other proposed policy will fail while this huge shortcoming is not solved. Likewise, we could say, following P. Don Quixote! T. Manager Cover! Bauer, that foreign aid is Don quixote neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition for essay media violence development: Foreign aid is clearly not necessary for economic development, as is obvious for Don quixote instance from the very existence of developed countries. Research Paper! All of these began as underdeveloped and progressed without foreign aid. Moreover, many underdeveloped countries have advanced very rapidly over the last half century or so without foreign aid. Don Quixote! There are many such countries in the far east, south-east Asia, East and West Africa and Latin America. Rome Paper! Nor is Don quixote foreign aid a sufficient condition. It cannot, for instance, promote development if a population at large is rome research paper not interested in material advance, nor if it is strongly attached to values and Don quixote, customs incompatible with material progress. All this implies that foreign aid is useless. Essays Identity! But P. T. Bauer was going a bit further in the quote which opened this essay by saying that #147; Development aid, far from being necessary to rescue poor societies from a vicious circle of poverty, is far more likely to keep them in that state.#148;.
Could foreign aid be not only useless but also harmful? From the donor perspective it is crucial to distinguish between private and public aid. The first one, as far as it is Don quixote voluntary, cannot harm ex ante the donor; it is his best choice. Service Cover Letter! Public aid however is obtained through coercion, hampering the satisfaction of Don quixote, individual ends (destroying wealth). As P. T. Bauer once more stated it is presentions #147; redistribution from poor taxpayers in rich countries to rich people in poor countries #148;.
From the Don quixote receiver#146;s perspective it is necessary to distinguish whether he keeps the legal availability or not. In the presentions first case, it is clear that every gift raises disposable wealth for the receiver, as long as the number of Don quixote, available means to satisfy his ends increases. However, if the kurt thesis government ultimately owns the aid, either public or private, the original receiver will not be able to Don quixote fit it into their plans and thus it could not be considered wealth at all. Service Manager! In fact, it will increase governmental power of aggression against private property, i.e. the root of all evils. Many people think that receiving money can never be harmful, and that may be true as long as you control it.
But if that money feeds your master, it only makes you become a bit more of a slave. There is no paradox in Don quixote African people asking for the end of foreign aid or as the essays on puerto rican Kenyan economist James Shikwati puts it: Huge bureaucracies are financed (with the aid money), corruption and complacency are promoted, Africans are taught to be beggars and not to be independent . And thus he claimed: For God#146;s Sake, Please Stop the Don quixote Aid!  The following graph illustrates perfectly our reasoning: There is only one path to development: capitalism. What matters is not how much income does a country have during a given year, but whether people have the freedom to client service manager cover use that income in the pursuing of their ends. If they do, no foreign aid will be needed to help them because their own skills combined with entrepreneurial seek will be enough. If they do not have this freedom, then not even all the resources of the world would allow them to Don quixote prosper.
I hope that this paper helps to highlight this reality, so that Western piety stops harming third world people. Bauer, Peter, and presentions, Basil S. Yamey, #147;The Economics of Under-developed Countries#148;, Cambridge University Press. Bhalla, Surjit, #147;Imagine There#146;s No Country: Poverty, Inequality and Growth in the Era of Globalization#148; Bohm-Bawerk, Eugen, #147;Capital and Interest#148;, Libertarian Press. Hayek, Friedrich, #147;Prices and Production#148;, George Routledge Sons. Hazlitt, Henry, #147;Man vs. The Welfare State#148;, Arlington House. Hazlitt, Henry, #147;The Conquest of Poverty#148;, Foundation for Economic Education. Heritage Foundation, 2007 Index of Economic Freedom. Huerta de Soto, #147;Money, Bank Credit and Don quixote, Economic Cycles#148;, Ludwig von Mises Institute.
Mises, Ludwig von, #147;Human Action#148;, Scholar#146;s Edition, Ludwig von Mises Institute. Reisman, George, #147;Capitalism#148;, Jameson Books. Roberts, Paul Craig Schumer Charles, #147;Second Thoughts on Free Trade#148; http://www.vdare.com/roberts/second_thoughts.htm. Rothbard, Murray, #147;Man, Economy State#148;, Scholar#146;s Edition, Ludwig von Mises Institute. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, #147;Globalizacion y Reduccion de la Pobreza#148;, FAES. Shikwati, James, #147;Interview in Der Spiegel#148;, http://www.spiegel.de/international/spiegel/0,1518,druck-363663,00.html. Strigl, Richard von, #147;Capital and godel thesis, Production#148;, Ludwig von Mises Institute. Wickman Kurt, #147;Whither the Common Agricultural Policy#148;, Timbro.  We can say that there is no uncertainty of future aggression over Don quixote, individual plans. People decide its length just considering the thesis return, the time preference and other risks not related with plundering.  For every capital good, there must be a definite market in which firms buy and Don quixote, sell that good (. ) Under one owner or one cartel for the whole productive system, there would be no possible areas of rome paper, calculation at all, and therefore complete economic chaos would prevail.
Murray Rothbard, Man Economy and State, Scholar#146;s Edition, Ludwig von Mises Institute, p. 613-614.  See Bohm-Bawerk, Capital and Interest, Libertarian Press.  See Hayek#146;s Prices and Production, George Routledge Sons.  We follow closely Adam Smith and Don quixote, George Reisman#146;s definition: . George Reisman, Globalization: The Long-Run Big Picture. http://www.mises.org/story/2361.  Because entrepreneurs compete with other entrepreneurs for the factors of kurt godel, production, they can either offer higher wages or better conditions of labor. An entrepreneur may not be able to hire workers just through wages increases if their labor conditions are very disliking.  Of course, wages could also be increased out of capital accumulation in a non-market economy; i.e. instead of investing, replacing capital structure or remunerating capitalists, salaries are increased. Wherever the sources of capital reduction come, the Don quixote effect is service cover letter a clear destruction of wealth. If investing is restrained, some entrepreneurial plans are forbidden and some wealth will not arise. If capital is not replaced, capital goods get depreciated (and we included capital goods as part of the wealth).
And if capitalists are not remunerated or less remunerated, part of Don quixote, their plans will not be fulfilled (wealth destruction) and furthermore their savings will decrease (what leads toward the depreciation of part of the capital stock).  Revenues: 11000, costs: 7500, profits: 3500. Rate of client letter, return=3500/7500=46%  Normally we can expect that the Don quixote one who moves first gests the greater advantage. If capitalists assumes the cost of hiring the workers he will have a wider set of violence, options, while if it is the Don quixote worker capitalist will only profit passively. For example, if a company moves to a village of 100 low wage workers, it can hire the 100% of the on puerto rican identity population for the very low wage. If the company does not move and only 10 villagers travel to Don quixote another village of manager cover, high wage workers, the company will be able to Don quixote hire them but a much higher wage rate than before. This is why immigrants who move to First World usually earn higher wages than those who stay in presentions their countries and are hired by first world companies.  As people grow richer, they can afford to buy other goods and Don quixote, services that only interest them when some other needs have been fulfilled. One could recognize in this proposition some flavor of essays on puerto rican, Maslow pyramid of needs, which more or less establishes that some ends will only be pursued when other more basic ends has been achieved. Really, economic theory has a more powerful tool to understand these processes.
Diminishing marginal utility shows that increases in the number of a homogeneous mean are directed to lower-valued ends. Increases in the number of a good will reduce the Don quixote value of the extra units and then the service letter productivity and remuneration of factors of production employed in it. After the increase in the quantity of this mean (increase in wealth) other uses for factors of Don quixote, production become relatively more profitable than before.  This theory was supported by Paul Craig Roberts and presentions, Charles Schumer who argued that comparative advantage only hold with two contidions: free internal mobility for factors of Don quixote, production but external immobility. Otherwise, rich countries will export capital and internal productivity will fall, decreasing wages. See #147;Second Thoughts on Free Trade#148;, New York Times, 6 January 2004: http://www.vdare.com/roberts/second_thoughts.htm.  It is our labor and our time that are fundamentally scarce, not land or natural resources. It is our labor and our time that we fundamentally need to save, not land or natural resources . George Reisman, Capitalism, p. 71, Jameson Books.
 In fact the problem of hot money (fast capital outflows) is not associated with rising wages, but with inflation : If people want to #147;freeze#148; the money, one just have to create a proper financial environment in which it is possible to invest comfortably. This environment means: a gold coin that cannot be devaluated, the complete separation of money and essays on puerto rican, capital markets according to the strictest principles of Don quixote, liquidity, budget balance and sample, the respect for the general principle of law, i.e. fulfillment of agreements and debt satisfaction through the issue of the real values. Don Quixote! One can be sure that in this context there would no be any crisis, devaluation and hot money. Jose Ignacio del Castillo, Dinero caliente y globalizacion: http://www.liberalismo.org/articulo/174/  Globalizacion y reduccion de la pobreza, Xavier Sala-i-Martin, FAES.  Surjit Bhalla, Imagine There#146;s No Country: Poverty, Inequality and Growth in the Era of Globalization, p. 172: http://www.iie.com/publications/chapters_preview/348/10iie3489.pdf.  See Capital and presentions, Production by Don quixote Richard von Strigl, Ludwig von Mises Institue.  Of course we are aware that Africa is client manager a very heterogeneous region and that not every problem affects the whole African societies. However, these problems do explain a important part of the poverty of the countries that suffered or still suffer them and in Don quixote all cases are African countries.
 For instance, Chad has a 65% top income tax rate and 45% top corporate tax rate. Ivory Coast 60% and 35%. Togo 55% and 37%. And the Republic of Congo 50% and 38%.  For example, the Swedish think tank Timbro estimates that EU consumers pay roughly 80#150;100 % more for their food than would be the case in kurt godel a mature free-market regime. Timbro, Whither the European Agricultural Policy? www.timbro.se/bokhandel/pdf/000011.pdf.  233 days in Guinea-Bissau, 155 in the Democratic Republic of Congo, 136 days in Equatorial Guinea, 124 in Don quixote Angola, 113 in Mozambique or 96 in manager cover letter Zimbabwe.  Zimbabwe: The government#146;s increasingly hostile attitude toward foreign investment and Don quixote, its support for economic nationalism have led to growing cronyism and rome research, corruption. Expropriation is very common. Don Quixote! The government controls foreign exchange. Foreign exchange accounts are subject to client government approval and restrictions.
Payments and transfers are subject to government approval and numerous restrictions, and all outward capital transactions are controlled. Angola: Capital and Don quixote, money market transactions, capital repatriation, real estate transactions, and personal capital movements are subject to strict controls. In most instances, these transactions require central bank approval and/or licensing. Republic of Congo: Residents may not hold foreign exchange accounts, but companies can hold foreign exchange accounts with special approval. Essay Media! Non-residents may hold foreign exchange accounts subject to government approval. Sierra Leone: Non-citizens and Don quixote, foreign investors are not permitted to participate in certain economic activities. Both residents and non-residents may hold foreign exchange accounts, subject to some restrictions.
Ethiopia: Foreign exchange accounts, payments, and current transfers are subject to controls and restrictions. There are significant controls on capital transactions. All investments must be approved and certified by the government.  Many African countries (such as Guinea-Bissau, Chad and Sierra Leone, Zimbabwe) #147; operate under highly restrictive employment regulations that hinder employment and productivity growth #148;. The non-salary cost of employing a worker is normally high. Senegal has rigid #147; regulations related to increasing or contracting the number of work hours #148;.
Cameroon #147; labor legislation mandates retraining or replacement before firing a worker #148;. And Burkina Faso forbids #147; night and weekend work #148;.  Here we have a non-exhaustive list of most recent conflicts: Ethiopian Civil War (1974-1991) Angolan Civil War (1974-2002), Mozambican Civil War (1977-2002), Uganda-Tanzania War (1978-1979), First Chadian Civil War (1979-1982), Ugandan Civil War (1982-1986), Second Sudanese Civil War (1983-2005), Somali Civil War (1988-to date), First Liberian Civil War (1989-1996), Rwanda Civil War (1990-1994), Algerian Civil War (1991-2002), Sierra Leone Civil War (1991-2002), First Congo War (1996-1997), Guinea-Bissau Civil War (1998-1999), Etiophia-Eriteria War (1998-2003), Second Congo War (1998-2003), Second Liberian Civil War (1999-2003), Second Chadian Civil War (2005-to date).  Zimbabwe: 267%, Angola: 34#146;8%, Guines: 26#146;3%, Zambia: 18#146;5%, Madagascar: 15#146;6%, Ghana: 15#146;6%, Burma: 15%, Nigeria: 15%.  Namibia: Expropriating land from white farm owners is now official policy.
The government expropriated three large farms at the end of coursework sample, 2005 and by mid-2006 had begun to offer the land for resettlement. Burundi: Private property is subject to government expropriation and armed banditry. Zimbabwe: Expropriation is common as the political executive pushes forward with its resource-redistribution-by-angry-mob economic plan.  Per capita income in Mauritius is $13500, in Botswana $11400 and in South Africa $13000. The author gives reasons pretty similar to ours: Money was spent on current spending and public consumption#151;which, in turn, led to a rapidly growing public sector in the economy. Needless to Don quixote say, this strengthened other socialist tendencies in the economy and investment became, in many developing countries, mainly a government activity. In addition, aid boosted fiscal budgets and led to presentions a rapidly growing number of parastatals and state-owned enterprises. Largely supported by the donor community at the time, these soon became arenas of Don quixote, corruption and this corruption spread like wildfire to other parts of the argumentative violence society. The tragedy of aid, as been shown in numerous evaluations and by World Bank research, is that donors are part of the problem of Don quixote, corruption; aid often underpins corruption, and higher aid levels tend to erode the governance structure of kurt godel, poor countries. In other words, donors have failed to follow the chief principle of the Hippocratic oath: do no harm!
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